What follows is a short preliminary listing. Later it is hoped to expand this section of the site, to take account of the impressive amount of good material relating to biblical studies available on the web at present. Only freely accessible sites useful for academic biblical research are included. Other sorts of biblical pages (commercial, devotional, and so on), even though excellent for their own purposes, are not noted here.
When this page is printed, the full URL (internet address) of the various sites will appear automatically in the printed version.
The page is divided into three sections as follows:
BIBIL (Lausanne, Switzerland)
Bibliographie biblique informatisée de Lausanne (Institut romand des sciences bibliques [IRSB])
The bibliographies can be accessed in two ways:
a) Go to the IRSB homepage: and from the main menu choose BiBIL
b) Or by direct access. One can choose between English, French and German interfaces.
BILDI (Innsbruck, Austria)
Bibelwissenschaftliche Literaturdokumentation Innsbruck (Documentation for Biblical Literature Innsbruck)
Complete listing of relevant articles in the area of biblical and biblical-archaeological studies in many journals since 1985 (and gradual extension to preceding years); also papers in collective works and a good number of books. In recent years BILDI collaborates with Tübingen University Library, Germany (especially for lists of new books), and with the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome (especially for data about book-reviews from its invaluable Elenchus of Biblica).
One can go first to the homepage but there is also direct access to the search-page. One can choose between an English and a German interface.
The online Help is well worth studying in order to make full use of the power of the BILDI search capabilities. It is important to note that the abbreviations for biblical books are those used in the Einheitsübersetzung; see here for a list.
KeiBi online (Tübingen, Germany)
The Keilschrift-Bibliographie is the standard bibliographical resource for Akkadian and Sumerian studies. Published since 1940 by the journal Orientalia (Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome), the bibliography is now available (since 2012) as a searchable database on a page of the Tübingen University Library site (access here). One can choose between interfaces in German, English, and French. Work on the database is ongoing, with earlier years being added gradually. The last two issues of the printed edition will always be excluded from the database.
Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Hebrew University, Jerusalem)
The Orion Center's On-Line Dead Sea Scrolls Bibliography posts books, articles and reviews related to the Dead Sea Scrolls from 1995 to the present. The Current Bibliography webpage (here) displays the new entries week by week for the previous six months. The Full Bibliography can be searched here.
RAMBI (Jerusalem, Israel)
Index of Articles on Jewish Studies = רשימת מאמרים במדעי היהדות
This service began in 1966 under the auspices of the Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem. It lists articles in journals and in collective works (but not books by individual authors), written in Modern Hebrew (Ivrit: עברית), Yiddish, and the main European languages.
The bibliographical service can be accessed in two ways:
a) Go to the homepage
b) Or go directly to the search-page for articles on Biblical and Jewish Studies.
A Notification Service for new accessions to the database, divided into various subject categories, can be accessed here.
Combined catalogue for about 90 British and Irish research and university libraries and special collections, including the British Library, various Cambridge libraries, Manchester (including the John Rylands Library), and various Oxford libraries. Outside the UK, the library of Trinity College, Dublin, is included too. Currently (Dec. 2014) Copac has over 40 million records, and new library catalogues are still being added. The homepage gives access to various search possibilities.
Ecole biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem
The splendid catalogue of the Library of the Ecole Biblique is online since summer 2008. One can choose between a French and an English interface. In addition see here for much information about this historic and prestigious school.
Library of Congress, Washington DC
The largest library in the world (homepage), with millions of books and other information resources in its holdings. The catalogue homepage offers various types of searches.
Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome
One of the largest specialized libraries for biblical studies in the world with good holdings in Ancient Near Eastern studies too. One can go first to the library homepage or go directly to the catalogue search. One can choose between an Italian and an English interface.
Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome
Large holdings (currently almost 900,000 volumes) in theology (including biblical studies), philosophy and other disciplines of particular ecclesiastical relevance. Further information is available through the library homepage, or one can go directly to the catalogue search. One can choose between an Italian and an English interface. On the results page of a search one can also choose to extend the search to the catalogues of many other Roman ecclesiastical libraries.
Tübingen University Library
One of the most important German university libraries in the area of biblical studies and theology, since it is a nationally designated library centre for specialization in the areas of "Religionswissenschaft, Theologie, und Alter Orient". General information is available through the library homepage. One can also go directly to the search page. Besides the German interface, an English interface can be chosen for the catalogues too.
Also to be noted is the very useful "Index Theologicus" service, a searchable database of articles in journals, Festschriften, and congress volumes. There is also a "Current Awareness" page, which offers a table-of-contents listing of those publications, as soon as they are received in the Tübingen library.
Abzu, Oriental Institute, Chicago
A web directory or portal, Abzu is a guide to information related to the study of the Ancient Near East and the Ancient Mediterranean world on the Web. It gives links to an enormous number of scholarly sites and pages.
An encyclopedia of material relating to the study of the Bible, under the auspices of the Society of Biblical Literature. The well-designed site aims at bridging the gap between scholarly study of the Bible and the general public. The peer-reviewed articles come from many scholarly contributors, and there is considerable multimedia material as well. Planning for the site began in 2008 and it went online in July 2014. It is an ongoing project.
This "Index of Biblical Quotations and Allusions in Early Christian Literature" is based on data from the Biblia Patristica volumes (now out of print) and unpublished archives. It makes available a corpus of about 400,000 biblical references. A (free) user account must be created in order to access the search form.
Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft / German Bible Society
Available in German and in English, this portal gives free online access to the text of the scholarly Bible editions published by the German Bible Society: BHS, LXX (Rahlfs/Hanhart), NA27, Vulgate (Weber/Gryson). The textual apparatus, however, is not included. Some German and English Bible translations are available too. One can also access WiBiLex (see below) through the same portal.
The acronym of the site stands for "Electronic Tools and Ancient Near Eastern Archives". Excellent quality materials. Includes the ABZU service noted above.
The acronym of this German-language academic site stands for "Informations-Stelle für Alt-Testamentliche EXegese". It offers many links to sites that are of interest for scholarly study of the OT.
Begun by R. Christopher Heard in 2000, iTanakh now offers a large collection of links to freely accessible sites and downloadable documents useful for the academic study of the Tanakh (Jewish Bible). Though some of the links are no longer operative, the references are useful in any case.
This site, which is available in German and in English, gives access to the "Kieler Bilddatenbank Naher Osten" / Image Database of the Near East (University of Kiel, Germany). The database, founded by Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Bartelmus, is meant as a wide-ranging reference for research and education and is directed at teachers and students of the cultural, geographical and economic sciences of the Middle East. The searchable database currently (2012) provides 18000 images for the user, 16000 so far with an accompanying text.
New Testament Gateway
The NT Gateway was created by Dr Mark Goodacre, formerly of the University of Birmingham, UK, now in the Dept. of Religion, Duke University, Durham NC. It is an excellent web directory of academic internet resources on the New Testament and related areas of study. Each link is annotated and the site is constantly updated. In 2009 a partnership with Logos began and now Logos are responsible for the new design and structure of the site.
Old Testament Gateway
The goal of the OT Gateway is to become a comprehensive, annotated, academic directory of internet sites on the Old Testament. There is much useful data here but the presence of material extraneous to the main purpose of the site together with a certain number of broken links (always a problem for directory-type sites) means that the site still has some way to go before it reaches the qualitative level of the "The New Testament Gateway".
Religious Studies Web Guide
An extensive directory of web bibliographies in the field of Religious Studies, maintained by Saundra Lipton, University of Calgary, Canada.
From Tyndale House, Cambridge, this blog-site, compiled by David Instone-Brewer, offers a large amount of up-to-date information about electronic resources for biblical studies. A useful "Tyndale Toolbar" can be downloaded from the site.
WiBiLex: Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet
This is a project of the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft (German Bible Society), which began in 2007. The WiBiLex is a high-quality online Bible lexicon or encyclopedia written by well-known mainstream German biblical scholars; the main editors for the OT part are M. Bauks and K. Koenen, while S. Alkier is the main editor for the NT articles. Over 1200 articles are already available (May 2014), most of them on OT topics but some articles in the NT part are now online. On completion, the work will have some 3000 articles. While the articles can be read by any visitor to the site, full access to the search and printing facilities will be given on completion of a simple free registration procedure. A browser extension is available, which enables one to search for a WiBiLex article directly from the browser search-box.