Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Isaiah 21-23



[see also:  Isa 13-23 (as a whole)]



The bibliography is divided into three sections as follows:

I.    On Isa 21

Balogh, C., The Stele of YHWH in Egypt. The Prophecies of Isaiah 18-20 concerning Egypt and Kush (OTS 60; Leiden: Brill, 2011), esp. 103-111.

Barnes, W. E., "A Fresh Interpretation of Isaiah XXI 1-10", JTS 1 (1900) 583-592.

Begg, C. T., "Babylon in the Book of Isaiah", in J. Vermeylen (ed.), The Book of Isaiah. Le Livre d'Isaïe. Les oracles, et leurs relectures; unité et complexité de l'ouvrage (BETL 81; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1989) 121-125.

Bosshard-Nepustil, E., Rezeption von Jesaia 1–39 im Zwölfprophetenbuch. Untersuchungen zur literarischen Verbindung von Prophetenbüchern in babylonischer und persischer Zeit (OBO 154; Freiburg, Schweiz; Göttingen: Universitätsverlag; Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997), esp. 23-42. [on 21,1-10]

Boutflower, C., "Isaiah XXI in the Light of Assyrian History, I: Verses 1-10", JTS 14 (1912-13) 501-515. [full text can be downloaded here]

Boutflower, C., "Isaiah XXI in the Light of Assyrian History, II: Verses 11-17", JTS 15 (1913-14) 1-13. [full text can be downloaded here]

Brinkman, J. A., "Merodach-Baladan II", in R. D. Biggs et al., Studies Presented to A. Leo Oppenheim, June 7, 1964 (Chicago: Oriental Institute, 1964) 6-53.

Buhl, F., "Jesaia 21,6-10", ZAW 8 (1888) 157-167.

Cobb, W. H., "Isaiah xxi 1-10 Reexamined", JBL 17 (1898) 40-61.

Dahood, M., "UT, ʿnt: III: 25-26 and Isaiah 21,12", Or N.S. 50 (1981) 194-196.

Darr, K. P., "Two Unifying Female Images in the Book of Isaiah", in L. M. Hopfe (ed.), Uncovering Ancient Stones. Essays in Memory of H. Neil Richardson (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1994) 17-30.

Dhorme, P., "Mélanges: II. Le désert de la mer (Isaïe, XXI)", RB 31 (1922) 403-406. Reprinted under the title "Le désert de la mer (Isaïe XXI), (Revue Biblique, 1922)", in É. Dhorme, Recueil Édouard Dhorme: études bibliques et orientales (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1951) 301-304.

Fischer, A. A., "Der Edom-Spruch in Jesaja 21. Sein literargeschichtlicher und sein zeitgeschichtlicher Kontext", in M. Witte (ed.), Gott und Mensch im Dialog. Festschrift für Otto Kaiser zum 80. Geburtstag (BZAW 345/1; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2004) 471-490.

Franke, C. A., "Reversals of Fortune in the Ancient Near East: A Study of the Babylon Oracles in the Book of Isaiah", in R. F. Melugin – M. A. Sweeney (eds), New Visions of Isaiah (JSOTSup 214; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996) 104-123.

Gallagher, W. R., Sennacherib's Campaign to Judah: New Studies (Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East, 18; Leiden: Brill, 1999), esp. 22-74. [on Isa 21-22]

Galling, K., "Jesaia 21 im Lichte der neuen Nabonidtexte", in E. Würthwein – O. Kaiser (eds.), Tradition und Situation: Studien zur alttestamentlichen Prophetie Artur Weiser zum 70. Geburtstag am 18.11.1963 dargebracht von Kollegen, Freunden und Schülern (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1963) 49-62.

Geyer, J., "The Night of Dumah (Isaiah xxi 11-12)", VT 42 (1992) 317-339.

Gosse, B., "Le 'moi' prophétique de l'oracle contre Babylone d'Isaïe XXI,1-10", RB 93 (1986) 70-84.

Gosse, B., Isaie 13,1-14,23 dans la tradition litteraire du livre d'Isaie et dans la tradition des oracles contre les nations. Etude de la transformation du genre littéraire des oracles contre les nations sous l'influence de l'impérialisme de Babylone, avec une ouverture sur la pré-apocalyptique. Les traditions isaïennes antérieures sur l'imperialisme de l'Assyrie sont prises en compte. Notre texte doit être situé après l'avènement de Darius (OBO 78; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1988), esp. 43-67.

Gosse, B., "Isaïe 21,11-12 et Isaïe 60-62", BN 53 (1990) 21-22.

Kőszeghy, M., Der Streit um Babel in den Büchern Jesaja und Jeremia (BWANT 173; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2007).

Leung Lai, B. M., "Uncovering the Isaian Personality: Wishful Thinking or Viable Task?", in J. H. Ellens (ed.), Text and Community. Essays in Memory of Bruce M. Metzger. Vol. 2 (New Testament Monographs, 20; Sheffield: Phoenix Press, 2007) 82-100.

Leung Lai, B. M., "What Would Bakhtin Say about Isaiah 21:1-12? A Re-Reading", OTE 23 (2010) 103-115.

Lohmann, P., "Das Wächterlied Jes 21,11-12", ZAW 33 (1913) 20-29.

Lohmann, P., "Zur strophischen Gliederung von Jes 21,1-10", ZAW 33 (1913) 262-264.

Macintosh, A. A., Isaiah XXI – A Palimpsest (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980).

Obermann, J., "Yahweh's Victory over the Babylonian Pantheon: The Archetype of Is. 21:1-10, JBL 48 (1929) 307-328.

Ogden, G. S., "Kings and Laborers: Temporal Idioms in Isaiah 16.14; 21.16; and 23.15", Bible Translator 55 (2004) 212-215.

Prinsloo, G. T. M., "Inner-Biblical Allusion in Habakkuk's משא (Hab 1:1-2:20) and Utterances concerning Babylon in Isaiah 13-23 (Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10)", OTE 31 (2018) 663-691.

Sals, U., "Die Wehen des Propheten. Visionswahrnehmung in Jes 21,1-10.11-12 als Schlüssel zum Textverständnis", in A. Grund (ed.), 'Wie schön sind deine Zelte, Jakob!' Beiträge zur Ästhetik des Alten Testaments (BThSt 60; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2003) 44-71.

Sals, U., Die Biographie der "Hure Babylon": Studien zur Intertextualität der Babylon-Texte im Alten Testament (FAT II/6; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004), esp. 275-292.

Scott, R. B. Y., "Isaiah XXI 1-10: The Inside of a Prophet's Mind", VT 2 (1952) 278-282.

Sievers, E., "Zu Jesajas 21,1-10", in K. Budde (ed.), Vom Alten Testament. Karl Marti zum siebzigsten Geburtstage gewidmet von Freunden, Fachgenossen und Schülern (BZAW 41; Giessen: Töpelmann, 1925) 262-265.

Spreafico, A., "La redazione persiana degli oracoli contro Babilonia di Isaia e Geremia", in G. L. Prato (ed.), La profezia apologetica di epoca persiana ed ellenistica. La manipolazione divinatoria del passato a giustificazione del presente. Atti del X Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari (Rocca di Papa, 8-10 Settembre 1997), (Ricerche storico-bibliche 11/1; Bologna: Edizioni Dehoniane, 1999) 59-68.

Uffenheimer, B., "The 'Desert of the Sea' Pronouncement (Isaiah 21:1-10)", in D. P. Wright – D. N. Freedman – A. Hurvitz (eds.), Pomegranates and Golden Bells. Studies in Biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern Ritual, Law, and Literature in Honor of Jacob Milgrom (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1995) 677-688.

Vanderhooft, D. S., The Neo-Babylonian Empire and Babylon in the Latter Prophets (HSM 59; Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1999), esp. 129-135.

Wilhelmi, G., "Polster in Babel? Eine Überlegung zu Jesaja XXI 5+8", VT 25 (1975) 121-123.

Williamson, H. G. M., "Edom in the Book of Isaiah", in S. Hildebrandt – K. Peters – E. N. Ortlund (eds.), From Words to Meaning: Studies on Old Testament Language and Theology for David J. Reimer (Hebrew Bible Monographs, 100; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2021) 118-129.

Winckler, H., "Geschichtliche bemerkungen zu den propheten, 2: Die orakel über Nordarabien. Jes. 21", in H. Winckler, Alttestamentliche Untersuchungen (Leipzig: Pfeiffer, 1892) 120-125.

II.    On Isa 22

Auret, A., "A Different Background for Isaiah 22:15-25 Presents an Alternative Paradigm: Disposing of Political and Religious Opposition?", OTE 6 (1993) 46-56.

Balogh, C., The Stele of YHWH in Egypt. The Prophecies of Isaiah 18-20 concerning Egypt and Kush (OTS 60; Leiden: Brill, 2011), esp. 111-121.

Baruch, E., "נבואה ישעיהו לשבנא [Isaiah's Prophecy against Shebna]" [Hebr.], Shnaton 13 (2002) 97-110.

Beuken, W. A. M., "Obdurate Short-Sightedness in the Valley of Vison: How Atonement of Inquity is Forfeited (Isa 22:1-14)", in P. Chatelion Counet – U. Berges (eds.), One Text, A Thousand Methods: Studies in Memory of Sjef Van Tilborg (Biblical Interpretation Series, 71; Leiden: Brill, 2005) 45-63.

Bosshard-Nepustil, E., Rezeption von Jesaia 1–39 im Zwölfprophetenbuch. Untersuchungen zur literarischen Verbindung von Prophetenbüchern in babylonischer und persischer Zeit (OBO 154; Freiburg, Schweiz; Göttingen: Universitätsverlag; Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997), esp. 42-67 [on 22,1-14] and 93-105 [on 22,15-25].

Chilton, B., "Shebna, Eliakim, and the Promise to Peter", in J. Neusner – P. Borgen – E. S. Frerichs – R. Horsley (eds.), The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism: Essays in Tribute to Howard Clark Kee (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1988) 311-326. Reprinted [same title] in B. Chilton – C. A. Evans, Jesus in Context: Temple, Purity, and Restoration (AGJU 39; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 319-337.

Emerton, J. A., "Notes on the Text and Translation of Isaiah XXII 8-11 and LXV 5", VT 30 (1980) 437-451 [esp. 437-446 on Isa 22,8-11].

Fullerton, K., "A New Chapter out of the Life of Isaiah", AmJT 9 (1905) 621-642.

Fullerton, K., "Shebna and Eliakim: A Reply", AmJT 11 (1907) 503-509. [see s.v. König below]

Gallagher, W. R., Sennacherib's Campaign to Judah: New Studies (Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East, 18; Leiden: Brill, 1999), esp. 22-74. [on Isa 21-22]

Ganzel, T., "Isaiah's Critique of Shebna's Trespass: A Reconsideration of Isaiah 22.15-25", JSOT 39.4 (June 2015) 469-487.

Ginsberg, H. L., "Gleanings in First Isaiah, V: The 'Valley of Vision'", in M. Davis (ed.), Mordecai M. Kaplan Jubilee Volume, on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday. English Section (New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1953), esp. 251-252 [full article: 245-259].

Ginsberg, H. L., "Gleanings in First Isaiah, VI: The Shebna-Eliakim Pericope: 22,15-25", in M. Davis (ed.), Mordecai M. Kaplan Jubilee Volume, on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday. English Section (New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1953), esp. 252-257 [full article: 245-259].

Ginsberg, H. L., "Reflexes of Sargon in Isaiah after 715 B.C.E.", JAOS 88 (1968) 47-53 [on Isa 22,1-14 esp. 47-49]. [The memorial essays in JAOS 88/1 were also published separately with the same pagination in W. W. Hallo (ed.), Essays in Memory of E. A. Speiser (American Oriental Series, 53; New Haven, CT: Americal Oriental Society, 1968)]

Gosse, B., "L'emploi de ʾʾym dans le livre d'Isaïe", BN 56 (1991) 22-24. [on Isa 22,24 and six other texts]

Guillaume, A., "A Note on the Meaning of Is 22,5", JTS NS 14 (1963) 383-385.

Hardmeier, C., "Geschichtsblindheit und politischer Opportunismus in Jes 22,1-14: 'Lasst uns essen und trinken, denn morgen sind wir tot' (Jes 22,13)", in M. Geiger – C. M. Maier – U. Schmidt (eds.), Essen und Trinken in der Bibel. Ein literarisches Festmahl für Rainer Kessler zum 65. Geburtstag (Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009) 374-395. Revised version [same title] in C. Hardmeier, Geschichtsdivinatorik in der vorexilischen Schriftprophetie. Studien zu den Primärschriften in Jesaja, Zefanja und Jeremia (Textpragmatische Studien zur Hebräischen Bibel, 5; Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 2013) 115-136.

Hays, C. B., "Re-excavating Shebna's Tomb. A New Reading of Isa 22,15-19 in its Ancient Near Eastern Context", ZAW 122 (2010) 558-575.

Höffken, P., "Ein Hochgrab in Jerusalem und in Akragas. Eine Anmerkung zu Jes 22,16", BN 126 (2005) 29-35.

Jenni, E., Die politischen Voraussagen der Propheten (ATANT 29; Zürich: Zwingli-Verlag, 1956), esp. 42-48.

Jong, M. J. de, Isaiah Among the Ancient Near Eastern Prophets: A Comparative Study of the Earliest Stages of the Isaiah Tradition and the Neo-Assyrian Prophecies (VTSup 117; Leiden: Brill, 2007), esp. 154-158.

Kamphausen, A., "Isaiah's Prophecy concerning the Major-Domo of King Hezekiah", AmJT 5 (1901) 43-74.

Katzenstein, H. J., "The Royal Steward (Asher ʿal ha-Bayith)", IEJ 10 (1960) 149-154. [see esp. 152-153 on Isa 22]

Kim, H. C. P., "Isaiah 22: A Crux or a Clue in Isaiah 13-23?", in E. K. Holt – H. C. P. Kim – A. Mein (eds.), Concerning the Nations: Essays on the Oracles Against the Nations in Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel (LHB/OTS 612; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015) 3-18.

König, E., "Shebna and Eliakim", AmJT 10 (1906) 675-686. [debating with Fullerton 1905 above]

Martin-Achard, R., "L'oracle contre Shebnâ et le pouvoir des clefs (Es. 22,15-25)", TZ 24 (1968) 241-254. Reprinted in R. Martin-Achard, Permanence de l'Ancien Testament. Recherches d'exégèse et de théologie (Cahiers de la Revue de theólogie et de philosophie, 11; Genève – Lausanne – Neuchâtel: Revue de théologie et de philosophie, 1984) 223-236.

Mettinger, T. N. D., Solomonic State Officials. A Study of the Civil Government Officials of the Israelite Monarchy (CBOT 5; Lund: Gleerup, 1971), esp. 70-110.

Naʾaman, N., "Five Notes on Jerusalem in the First and Second Temple Periods", TA 39 (2012) 93-103. [one of the notes is on topographical questions posed by Isa 22,9-11a]

Naʾaman, N., "A Violation of Royal Prerogative: The Shebna Prophecy (Isaiah 22.15-19) in Context", JSOT 40.4 (June 2016) 451-465.

Rubiato Díaz, T., "Aggan: el término, el tipo", Sefarad 46 (1986) 411-420. [on Isa 22,24 among other texts]

Rucker, T.M., The Temple Keys of Isaiah 22:22, Revelation 3:7, and Matthew 16:19: The Isaianic Temple Background and Its Spatial Significance for the Mission of Early Christ Followers (WUNT II/559; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2021), esp. 1-96. [chapters 1-3 on Isa 22,15-25]

Wahl, O., "Woher unsere Festigkeit kommt. Zur Botschaft von Jes 22,20-25 für uns heute", Forum Katholische Theologie 3 (1987) 187-202. Reprinted in S. van Meegen – O. Wahl (eds.), Gottesbeziehung – Nächstenbeziehung: Biblische Texte zur Persönlichkeitsentwicklung (Bibel konkret, 6; Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2011) 155-186.

Weippert, M., "Mitteilungen zum Text von Ps 19,5 und Jes 22,5", ZAW 73 (1961) 97-99.

Wessels, W. J., "Isaiah of Jerusalem and the Royal Court: Isaiah 22:15-25. A Paradigm for Restoring Just Officials?", OTE 2/2 (1989) 1-13.

Willis, J. T., "Historical Issues in Isaiah 22,15-25", Bib 74 (1993) 60-70.

Willis, J. T., "Textual and Linguistic Issues in Isaiah 22,15-25", ZAW 105 (1993) 377-399.

Willis, J. T., "ʾab as an Official Term", SJOT 10 (1996) 115-136.

Willis, J. T., "An Interpretation of Isaiah 22.15-25 and Its Function in the New Testament", in C. A. Evans – J. A. Sanders (eds.), Early Christian Interpretation of the Scriptures of Israel. Investigations and Proposals (JSNTSup 148 / Studies in Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity, 5; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1997) 334-351.

III.    On Isa 23

Åsberg, C., "The Translator and the Untranslatable: A Case of horror vacui", Bible Translator 58 (2007) 1-11.

Balogh, C., The Stele of YHWH in Egypt. The Prophecies of Isaiah 18-20 concerning Egypt and Kush (OTS 60; Leiden: Brill, 2011), esp. 121-129.

Barré, M. L., "'Tarshish Has Perished': The Crux of Isaiah 23,10", Bib 85 (2004) 115-119.

Benzi, G., "'Era il mercato dei popoli': l'oracolo contro Tiro di Is 23,1-18", in L. Mazzinghi – G. Papola – F. Ficco (eds.), La vita benedetta: studi in onore della prof.sa Bruna Costacurta in occasione del suo quarantesimo anno di insegnamento (AnBibStud 12; Roma: G&B Press, 2018) 149-167.

Bunnens, G., L'expansion phénicienne en Méditerranée: essai d'interprétation fondé sur une analyse des traditions littéraires. Préface de E. Lipinski (Études de philolologie, d'archéologie et d'histoire anciennes, 17; Bruxelles: Institut Historique Belge de Rome, 1979), esp. 66-78.

Burke, A. A., "Tarshish in the Mountains of Lebanon: Attestations of a Biblical Place Name", Maarav 13 (2006) 123-125.

Chiera, G., "Is. 23: l'elegia su Tiro", RSF 14 (1986) 3-19.

Dahood, M., "The Value of Ugaritic for Textual Criticism", Bib 40 (1959) 160-170 [esp. 161-162 on Isa 23,9].

Dahood, M., "Textual Problems in Isaia", CBQ 22 (1960) 400-409 [esp. 400-404 on Isa 23,2]

Dahood, M., "UT, 128 IV 6-7, 17-18 and Isaiah 23:8-9", Or N.S. 44 (1975) 439-441.

Day, J., "Where Was Tarshish?", in I. Provan – M. J. Boda (eds.), Let Us Go Up to Zion. Essays in Honour of H. G. M. Williamson on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday (VTSup 153; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 359-369.

Day, P. L., "Metaphor and Social Reality: Isaiah 23,17-18, Ezekiel 16,35-37 and Hosea 2,4-5", in J. Kaltner – L. Stulman (eds.), Inspired Speech: Prophecy in the Ancient Near East. Essays in Honor of Herbert B. Huffmon (JSOTSup 372; London: T & T Clark International, 2004) 63-71.

Dion, P.-E., "Les KTYM de Tel Arad: Grecs ou Phéniciens?", RB 99 (1992) 70-97. [on Isa 23,1.12 esp. 75-80 and 97]

Elat, M., "תרשיש בישעיהו כג ובהיסטוריה [Tarshish in Isaiah 23 and in History]" [Hebr.], Shnaton 10 (1986) 17-30.

Fischer, T. – U. Rüterswörden, "Aufruf zur Volksklage in Kanaan (Jesaja 23), WO 13 (1982) 36-49.

Flint, P. W., "The Septuagint Version of Isaiah 23:1-14 and the Massoretic Text", BIOSCS 21 (1988) 35-54.

Goldstein, R., "A Neo-Babylonian Administrative Term in Isaiah 23:18", ZABR 18 (2012) 239-247.

Hagedorn, A. C., "Tyre and the Mediterranean in the Book of Isaiah", in I. Provan – M. J. Boda (eds.), Let Us Go Up to Zion. Essays in Honour of H. G. M. Williamson on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday (VTSup 153; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 127-142.

Kooij, A. van der, "A Short Commentary on Some Verses of the Old Greek of Isaiah 23", BIOSCS 15 (1982) 36-50.

Kooij, A. van der, The Oracle of Tyre. The Septuagint of Isaiah XXIII as Version and Vision (VTSup 71; Leiden: Brill, 1998).

Landy, F., "The 'Oracle against Tyre' (Isa 23)", in I. Kottsieper – R. Schmitt – J. Wöhrle (eds.), Berührungspunkte: Studien zur Sozial- und Religionsgeschichte Israels und seiner Umwelt. Festschrift für Rainer Albertz zu seinem 65. Geburtstag (AOAT 350; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2008) 239-251.

Lessing, R. R., "Satire in Isaiah's Tyre Oracle", JSOT 28 (2003) 89-112.

Lessing, R. R., Interpreting Discontinuity. Isaiah's Tyre Oracle (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2004).

Leuchter, M., "Tyre's '70 Years' in Isaiah 23,15-18", Bib 87 (2006) 412-417.

Lindblom, J., "Der Ausspruch über Tyrus in Jes. 23", ASTI 4 (1965) 56-73.

Linder, J., "Weissagung über Tyrus (Isaias 23)", ZKT 65 (1941) 217-227.

Lipiński, E., "The Elegy on the Fall of Sidon in Isaiah 23", in M. Haran (ed.), H. L. Ginsberg Volume (Eretz-Israel 14; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1978) 79*-88*.

Ogden, G. S., "Kings and Laborers: Temporal Idioms in Isaiah 16.14; 21.16; and 23.15", Bible Translator 55 (2004) 212-215.

Renz, T., "Proclaiming the Future. History and Theology in Prophecies against Tyre", Tyndale Bulletin 51 (2000) 17-58.

Rudolph, W., "Jesaja 23,1-14", in L. Rost (ed.), Festschrift Friedrich Baumgärtel zum 70. Geburtstag, 14. Januar 1958, gewidmet von den Mitarbeitern am Kommentar zum Alten Testament (KAT), überreicht von Johannes Herrmann (Erlanger Forschungen. Reihe A, Geisteswissenschaften, 10; Erlangen: Universitätsbund Erlangen, 1959) 166-174.

Strong, J. T., "Tyre's Isolationist Policies in the Early Sixth Century BCE: Evidence from the Prophets", VT 47 (1997) 207-219.

Watson, W. G. E., "Tribute to Tyre (Is. xxiii 7)", VT 26 (1976) 371-374.