Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

Judges 4

[see also:  Judg 4-5 and Judg 5]

The bibliography is divided into two sections as follows:

I.    Titles up to 1980

Albright, W. F., "Jethro, Hobab and Reuel in Early Hebrew Tradition", CBQ 25 (1963) 1-11.

Fritz, V., "Das Ende der spätbronzezeitlichen Stadt Hazor Stratum XIII und die biblische Überlieferung in Josua 11 und Richter 4", UF 5 (1973) 123-139.

Grossfeld, B., "A Critical Note on Judges 4,21", ZAW 85 (1973) 348-351.

Maisler [Mazar], B., "Beth She‘arim, Gaba, and Harosheth of the Peoples", HUCA 24 (1952-1953) 75-84.

Mazar, B., "The Sanctuary of Arad and the Family of Hobab the Kenite", JNES 24 (1965) 297-303. Reprinted [same title] in B. Mazar, Biblical Israel: State and People. Edited by S. Aḥituv, with updated bibliographies (Jerusalem: Magnes Press & Israel Exploration Society, 1992) 67-77.

Murray, D. F., "Narrative Structure and Technique in the Deborah-Barak Story, Judges iv 4-22", in J. A. Emerton (ed.), Studies in the Historical Books of the Old Testament (VTSup 30; Leiden: Brill, 1979) 155-189.

Nicholson, E. W., "The Problem of צנח", ZAW 89 (1977) 259-266.

Weimar, P., "Die Jahwekriegserzählungen in Exodus 14, Josua 10, Richter 4 und 1 Samuel 7", Bib 57 (1976) 38-73 (on Judg 4 esp. 42-50).

II.    Titles from 1981 onwards

Amit, Y., "Judges 4: Its Contents and Form", JSOT 39 (1987) 89-111.

Assis, E., "The Choice to Serve God and Assist His People: Rahab and Yael", Bib 85 (2004) 82-90.

Assis, E., "'The Hand of a Woman'. Deborah and Yael (Judges 4)", JHS volume 5, article 19 (2005). (online here; download directly here)

Assis, E., "Man, Woman and God in Judg 4", SJOT 20 (2006) 110-124.

Avishur, Y., "A Common Literary Formula to Describe the Canaanite Daniel and the Israelite Deborah as Judges", in his Studies in Biblical Narrative. Style, Structure, and the Ancient Near Eastern Literary Background (Tel Aviv: Archaeological Center, 1999) 239-249.

Bae, H.-S., "Reconsidering Barak's Response in Judges 4", Bib 98 (2017) 504-519.

Bos, J. W. H., "Out of Shadows: Genesis 38; Judges 4:17-22; Ruth 3", Semeia 42 (1988) 37-67.

Chisholm, R. B., Jr., "What Went On in Jael's Tent? The Collocation ותכסהו בשמיכה in Judges 4,18", SJOT 24 (2010) 143-144.

Chisholm, R. B., Jr., "What Went On in Jael's Tent? (Part Two)", SJOT 27 (2013) 216-218.

Drews, R., "The 'Chariots of Iron' of Joshua and Judges", JSOT 45 (1989) 15-23.

Eder, S., Wie Frauen und Männer Macht ausüben. Eine feministisch-narratologische Analyse von Ri 4 (HBS 54; Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2008).

Eder, S., "Machtbeziehungen und Gewaltverhältnisse im Alten Testament. Ri 4 exemplarisch analysiert", in S. Eder – I. Fischer (eds.), "... männlich und weiblich schuf er sie ..", (Gen 1,27). Zur Brisanz der Geschlechterfrage in Religion und Gesellschaft (Theologie im kulturellen Dialog, 16; Innsbruck: Tyrolia-Verlag, 2009) 102-127.

Eder, S., "Gewalt im Geschlechterverhältnis: Jaël, Sisera und die Konstruktionen von Weiblichkeit und Männlichkeit im aktuellen Gewaltdiskurs", in I. Fischer (ed.), Macht – Gewalt – Krieg im Alten Testament: gesellschaftliche Problematik und das Problem ihrer Repräsentation (QD 254; Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2013) 83-106.

Eder, S., "Gender Trouble in Judges 4? An Intertextual Approach to the Violent Depiction of Jael", Prokolle zur Bibel 27 (2018) 73-84. [open-access here]

Fager, J. A., "Chaos and the Deborah Tradition", Quarterly Review: A Journal of Theological Resources for Ministry 13/4 (Winter 1993) 17-30. [the issue can be downloaded here]

Frolov, S. – A. Frolov, "Sisera Unfastened: On the Meaning of Judges 4:21aB-G", BN 165 (2015) 55-61.

Hanselman, S., "Narrative Theory, Ideology, and Transformation in Judges 4", in M. Bal (ed.), Anti-Covenant. Counter-Reading Women's Lives in the Hebrew Bible (JSOTSup 81; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1989) 95-112.

Kupitz, Y. S. – K. Berthelot, "Deborah and the Delphic Pythia: A New Interpretation of Judges 4:4-5", in M. Nissinen – C. E. Carter (eds.), Images and Prophecy in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean (FRLANT 233; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2009) 95-124.

Layton, S. C., "Ya‘el in Judges 4: An Onomastic Rejoinder", ZAW 109 (1997) 93-94. [debate with E. van Wolde 1995 below]

Létourneau, A., "Campy Murder in Judges 4: Is Yael a gebèrèt (Heroine)?", in I. Fischer (ed.), Gender Agenda Matters: Papers of the "Feminist Section" of the International Meetings of The Society of Biblical Literature, Amsterdam 2012 – St. Andrews 2013 – Vienna 2014. With the cooperation of D. Feichtinger (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015) 42-86.

Matthews, V. H., "Hospitality and Hostility in Judges 4", BTB 21 (1991) 13-21.

Neef, H.-D., "Der Sieg Deboras und Baraks über Sisera. Exegetische Beobachtungen zum Aufbau und Werden von Jdc 4,1-24", ZAW 101 (1989) 28-49.

Pogor, C., "Jeux d'echos en Juges 3:12-4:24", BZ N.F. 56 (2012) 279-285.

Schmitt, A., Prophetischer Gottesbescheid in Mari und Israel. Eine Strukturuntersuchung (BWANT 114; Stuttgart; Kohlhammer, 1982).

Soggin, J. A., "'Ḥeber der Qenit': Das Ende eines biblischen Personennames?", VT 31 (1981) 89-92.

Spronk, K., "Deborah, a Prophetess: The Meaning and Background of Judges 4:4-5", in J. C. de Moor (ed.), The Elusive Prophet: The Prophet as a Historical Person, Literary Character and Anonymous Artist. Papers Read at the Eleventh Joint Meeting of The Society for Old Testament Study and Het Oudtestamentisch Werkgezelschap in Nederland en België, Held at Soesterberg 2000 (OTS 45; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 232-242. [available online here]

Stek, J. H., "The Bee and the Mountain Goat: A Literary Reading of Judges 4", in W. Kaiser, Jr. – R. Youngblood (eds.), A Tribute to Gleason Archer: Essays in the Old Testament (Chicago: Moody Press, 1986) 53-86.

Walt, C. van der, "'Is There a Man Here?': The Iron Fist in the Velvet Glove in Judges 4", in L. J. M. Claassens – C. J. Sharp (eds.), Feminist Frameworks and the Bible: Power, Ambiguity, and Intersectionality (LHB/OTS 630; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017) 117-132.

Wilkinson, E., "The hapax legomenon of Judges IV 18", VT 33 (1983) 512-513.

Wolde, E. J. van, "Ya‘el in Judges 4", ZAW 107 (1995) 240-246.

Wolde, E. J. van, "Deborah and Ya‘el in Judges 4", in B. Becking – M. Dijkstra (eds.), On Reading Prophetic Texts: Gender-Specific and Related Studies in Memory of Fokkelien van Dijk-Hemmes (Biblical Interpretation Series, 18; Leiden: Brill, 1996) 283-295.

Yee, G. A., "By the Hand of a Woman: The Metaphor of the Woman-Warrior in Judges 4", Semeia 61 (1993) 99-132.