Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

Brevard S. Childs (1923-2007) and Biblical Theology

[see also:  Biblical Theology of OT and NT]

The bibliography is divided into two sections as follows:

I.    Books and articles by Childs

1.   A selection of Childs's books (in chronological order)

i)   Directly on biblical theology

Childs, B. S., Biblical Theology in Crisis (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1970).

Childs, B. S., Old Testament Theology in a Canonical Context (London: SCM, 1985; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986); = Teologia dell'Antico Testamento in un contesto canonico (Parola di Dio, II/9; Cinisello Balsamo: Edizioni Paoline, 1989).

Childs, B. S., Biblical Theology of the Old and New Testaments. Theological Reflection on the Christian Bible (London: SCM, 1992; Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993); = Die Theologie der einen Bibel. Bd. 1: Grundstrukturen; Bd. 2: Hauptthemen (Freiburg: Herder, 1994/1995); = Teologia biblica, Antico e Nuovo Testamento (Piemme theologica; Casale Monferrato (AL): Piemme, 1998).

Childs, B. S., Biblical Theology: A Proposal (Facets; Minneapolis : Fortress, 2002).

ii)   On other topics

Childs, B. S., Myth and Reality in the Old Testament (SBT 27; London: SCM, 1960).

Childs, B. S., Memory and Tradition in Israel (SBT 37; London: SCM, 1962).

Childs, B. S., Isaiah and the Assyrian Crisis (SBT II/3; London: SCM, 1967).

Childs, B. S., The Book of Exodus: A Critical Theological Commentary (OTL; Philadelphia: Westminster; London: SCM, 1974); = Il libro dell'Esodo: Commentario critico teologico (Piemme theologica; Casale Monferrato [AL]: Piemme, 1995).

Childs, B. S., Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture (Philadelphia: Fortress; London: SCM, 1979).

Childs, B. S., The New Testament as Canon: An Introduction (London: SCM, 1984; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1985)

Childs, B. S., Isaiah (OTL; Atlanta, GA: Westminster/John Knox, 2001); = Isaia (Commentari biblici; Brescia: Queriniana, 2005).

Childs, B. S., The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004).

Brueggemann, W. – B. S. Childs, Old Testament Theology: Canon or Testimony (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2023). [the book consists of extracts from the Introduction to the OT of Childs and from the Theology of Brueggemann; no editor is named and there is no comment on the extracts]

2.   A selection of Childs's articles (in chronological order)

Childs, B. S., "Interpretation in Faith: The Theological Responsibility of an Old Testament Commentary", Int 18 (1964) 432-449.

Childs, B. S., "The Sensus Literalis of Scripture: An Ancient and Modern Problem", in H. Donner (ed.), Beiträge zur Alttestamentlichen Theologie. Festschrift für Walther Zimmerli zum 70. Geburtstag (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1977) 80-93.

Childs, B. S., "The Canonical Shape of the Prophetic Literature", Int 32 (1978) 46-55. Reprinted [same title] in J. L. Mays – P. J. Achtemeier (eds.), Interpreting the Prophets (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1995) 41-49.

Childs, B. S., "The Exegetical Significance of Canon for the Study of the Old Testament", in J. A. Emerton et al. (eds.), Congress Volume, Göttingen 1977 (VTSup 29; Leiden: Brill, 1978) 66-80.

Childs, B. S., "Some Reflections on the Search for a Biblical Theology", HBT 4 (1982) 1-12.

Childs, B. S., "Die theologische Bedeutung der Endform eines Textes", TQ 167 (1987) 242-251.

Childs, B. S., "Biblische Theologie und christlicher Kanon", JBT 3 (1988) 13-27.

Childs, B. S., "Analysis of a Canonical Formula: 'It Shall Be Recorded For a Future Generation'", in E. Blum (ed.), Die hebräische Bibel und ihre zweifache Nachgeschichte. Festschrift für Rolf Rendtorff zum 65. Geburtstag (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1990) 357-364.

Childs, B. S., "Critical Reflections on James Barr's Understanding of the Literal and the Allegorical", JSOT 46 (1990) 3-9.

Childs, B. S., "Die Bedeutung der hebräischen Bibel für die Biblische Theologie", TZ 48 (1992) 382-390.

Childs, B. S., "Biblical Scholarship in the Seventeenth Century: A Study in Ecumenics", in J. Barton – S. E. Balentine (eds.), Language, Theology, and the Bible. Essays in Honour of James Barr (Oxford: Clarendon, 1994) 325-333.

Childs, B. S., "Die Beziehung von Altem und Neuem Testament aus kanonischer Sicht", in C. Dohmen – T. Söding (eds.), Eine Bibel – zwei Testamente. Positionen Biblischer Theologie (UTB 1893; Paderborn: Schöningh, 1995) 29-34.

Childs, B. S., "Old Testament Theology", in J. L. Mays – D. L. Petersen – K. H. Richards (eds.), Old Testament Interpretation: Past, Present, and Future: Essays in Honor of Gene M. Tucker (Nashville: Abingdon; Edinburgh: Clark, 1995) 293-301.

Childs, B. S., "On Reclaiming the Bible for Christian Theology", in C. E. Braaten – R. W. Jenson (eds.), Reclaiming the Bible for the Church (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans; Edinburgh: Clark, 1995) 1-17.

Childs, B. S., "Retrospective Reading of the Old Testament Prophets", ZAW 108 (1996) 362-377.

Childs, B. S., "Does the Old Testament Witness to Jesus Christ?" in J. Ådna – S. J. Hafemann – O. Hofius (eds.), Evangelium – Schriftauslegung – Kirche. Festschrift für Peter Stuhlmacher zum 65. Geburtstag (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997) 57-64.

Childs, B. S., "Toward Recovering Theological Exegesis", Pro Ecclesia 6 (1997) 16-26.

Childs, B. S., "The Genre of the Biblical Commentary as Problem and Challenge, in M. Cogan – B. L. Eichler – J. H. Tigay (eds.), Tehillah le-Moshe. Biblical and Judaic Studies in Honor of Moshe Greenberg (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1997) 185-192.

Childs, B. S., "Critique of Recent Intertextual Canonical Interpretation", ZAW 115 (2003) 173-184.

Childs, B. S., "The Canon in Recent Biblical Studies. Reflections on an Era", Pro Ecclesia 14 (2005) 26-45.

Childs, B. S., "Speech-Act Theory and Biblical Interpretation", SJT 58 (2005) 375-392

Childs, B. S., "The Canon in Recent Biblical Studies: Reflections on an Era", in C. Bartholomew – S. Hahn – R. Parry – C. Seitz – A. Wolters (eds.), Canon and Biblical Interpretation (Scripture and Hermeneutics Series, 7; Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan; Milton Keynes: Paternoster Press, 2006) 33-57.

Childs, B. S., "Allegory and Typology within Biblical Interpretation", in C. R. Seitz – K. H. Richards (eds.), The Bible as Christian Scripture: The Work of Brevard S. Childs (Biblical Scholarship in North America, 25; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013) 299-311. [hitherto unpublished; a paper delivered at the University of St Andrews in April 2000]

II.    Discussion of the work of Childs

1.   Up to 1991

i)   A series of articles in JSOT 16 (1980) on Childs, Introduction (1979)

Barr, J., "Childs' Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture", JSOT 16 (1980) 12-23. Reprinted in J. Barr, Bible and Interpretation: The Collected Essays of James Barr. Vol. II: Biblical Studies, edited by J. Barton (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 333-343.

Blenkinsopp, J., "A New Kind of Introduction: Professor Childs' Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture", JSOT 16 (1980) 24-27.

Cazelles, H., "The Canonical Approach to Torah and Prophets", JSOT 16 (1980) 28-31.

Kittel, B., "Brevard Childs' Development of the Canonical Approach", JSOT 16 (1980) 2-11.

Landes, G. M., "The Canonical Approcah to Introducing the Old Testament: Prodigy and Problems", JSOT 16 (1980) 32-39.

Murphy, R. E., "The Old Testament as Scripture", JSOT 16 (1980) 40-44.

Smend, R., "Questions about the Importance of the Canon in the Old Testament Introduction", JSOT 16 (1980) 45-51.

Childs, B. S., "Response to Reviewers of Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture", JSOT 16 (1980) 52-60.

ii)   A series of articles in HBT 2 (1980) on Childs, Introduction (1979)

Birch, B. C., "Tradition, Canon and Biblical Theology", HBT 2 (1980) 113-125.

Knight, D. A., "Canon and the History of Traditon: A Critique of Brevard S. Childs' Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture", HBT 2 (1980) 127-149.

Mays, J. L., "What is Written: A Response to Brevard Childs' Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture", HBT 2 (1980) 151-163.

Polk, D. P., "Brevard Childs' Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture", HBT 2 (1980) 165-171.

Sanders, J. A., "Canonical Context and Canonical Criticism", HBT 2 (1980) 173-197. Reprinted in J. A. Sanders, From Sacred Story to Sacred Text: Canon as Paradigm (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987) 153-174. Reprinted again in J. A. Sanders, Scripture in its Historical Contexts. Volume I: Text, Canon, and Qumran. Edited by C. A. Evans (FAT 118; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018) 155-175.

Childs, B. S., "A Response", HBT 2 (1980) 199-211.

iii)   Further contributions on various aspects of the work of Childs

Bosman, H. L. "The Validity of Biblical Theology: Historical Description or Hermeneutical 'Childs' play'?", OTE 3 (1990) 133-146.

Brett, M. G., Biblical Criticism in Crisis? The Impact of the Canonical Approach on Old Testament Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Letis, T., "Brevard Childs and the Protestant Dogmaticians: A Window to a New Paradigm of Biblical Interpretation", Churchman 105 (London 1991) 261-292.

Oeming, M., "Text – Kontext – Kanon: Ein neuer Weg alttestamentlicher Theologie? Zu einem Buch von Brevard S. Childs", JBT 3 (1988) 241-251.

Scalabrini, P. Rota, [Recensione: Brevard S. Childs, Teologia dell'Antico Testamento in un contesto canonico], Teologia 15 (1990) 283-288.

Schnabel, E., "Die Entwürfe von B. S. Childs and H. Gese bezüglich des Kanons", in G. Maier (ed.), Der Kanon der Bibel (Gießen: Brunnen-Verlag, 1990) 102-152.

Scippa, V., "Sulla teologia dell'Antico Testamento. La proposta dell''approccio canonico' di B. Childs", Asprenas 38 (1991) 93-98.

Tucker, G. M. – D. L. Petersen – R. R. Wilson (eds.), Canon, Theology, and Old Testament Interpretation. Essays in Honor of Brevard S. Childs (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988).

2.   From 1992 to the present

Barker, J., "Brevard S. Childs and the Canonical Approach", in S. E. Porter – S. A. Adams (eds.), Pillars in the History of Biblical Interpretation. Volume 2: Prevailing Methods After 1980 (McMaster Biblical Studies Series, 2; Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2016) 359-379.

Barr, J., The Concept of Biblical Theology. An Old Testament Perspective (London: SCM, 1999): on Childs espec. Chaps. 23-24 (pp. 378-438).

Barth, G., [Rezension von Childs, Biblical Theology (1992)], TLZ 122 (1997) 647-651.

Barton, J., "Canon and Old Testament Interpretation", in E. Ball (ed.), In Search of True Wisdom: Essays in Old Testament Interpretation in Honour of Ronald E. Clements (JSOTSup 300; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999) 37-52. Reprinted in J. Barton, The Old Testament: Canon, Literature and Theology. Collected Essays of John Barton (Society for Old Testament Study Monographs; Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007) 31-42.

Bauckham, R., [Review of Childs, Biblical Theology (1992)], BibInt 2 (1994) 246-250.

Brett, M. G., "Against the Grain: Brevard Childs' Biblical Theology...", Modern Theology 10 (1994) 281-287.

Brett, M. G., "Canonical Criticism and Old Testament Theology", in A. D. H. Mayes (ed.), Text in Context. Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) 63-85.

Brueggemann, W., "The ABC's of Old Testament Theology in the US", ZAW 114 (2002) 412-432.

Capetz, P. E., "Theology and the Historical-Critical Study of the Bible", HTR 104 (2011) 459-488.

Concepción Checa, J. F., "El concepto de canon en la obra de B. S. Childs", Scriptorium Victoriense 51 (2004) 207-224.

Cornell, C., "Brevard Childs and the Treasures of Darkness", SJT 71 (2018) 33-51.

Cornell, C., "A Sharp Break: Childs, Wellhausen, and Theo-Referentiality", HTR 112 (2019) 135-159.

Driver, D., "Later Childs", Princeton Theological Review 14/1 [issue 38] (2008) 117-129.

Driver, D., Brevard Childs, Biblical Theologian: For the Church's One Bible (FAT II/46; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010). Paperback edition (with some revisions and a new appendix): Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2012. The book has a companion website here.

Driver, D., et al., "Canonical Criticism", EBR 4 (2012) 924-928. Details: I. Hebrew Bible / Old Testament (D. Driver – N. MacDonald) 924-926; II. New Testament (T. Söding) 926-928.

Edmondson, S., "Christ and History: Hermeneutical Convergence in Calvin and its Challenge to Biblical Theology", Modern Theology 21 (2005) 3-35.

Hafemann, S., "What's the Point of Biblical Theology? Reflections Prompted by Brevard Childs", in C. Walsh – M. W. Elliott (eds.), Biblical Theology: Past, Present, and Future (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2016) 108-121.

Hasel, G. F., "Recent Models of Biblical Theology: Three Major Perspectives", AUSS 33 (1995) 55-75.

Hasel, G. F., "Proposals for a Canonical Biblical Theology", AUSS 34 (1996) 23-33.

Jeremias, J., "Neuere Entwürfe zu einer 'Theologie des Alten Testaments'", in B. Janowski (ed.), Theologie und Exegese des Alten Testaments / der Hebräischen Bibel: Zwischenbilanz und Zukunftsperspektiven (SBS Jubiläumsband, 200; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2005) 133-137, 139 [125-158].

Krauter, S., "Brevard S. Childs' Programm einer Biblischen Theologie. Eine Untersuchung seiner systematisch-theologischen und methodologischen Fundamente", ZTK 96 (1999) 21-48.

Levering, M., "Ecclesial Exegesis and Ecclesial Authority: Childs, Fowl, and Aquinas", The Thomist 69 (2005) 407-467.

Noble, P. R., The Canonical Approach: A Critical Reconstruction of the Hermeneutics of Brevard S. Childs (Biblical Interpretation Series, 16; Leiden: Brill, 1995).

Olson, D. T., "Biblical Theology as Provisional Monologization: A Dialogue with Childs, Brueggemann and Bakhtin", BibInt 6 (1998) 162-180.

Olson, D. T., "Seeking 'the Inexpressible Texture of Thy Word': A Practical Guide to Brevard Childs' Canonical Approach to Theological Exegesis", Princeton Theological Review 14/1 [issue 38] (2008) 53-68.

Poulsen, F., God, His Servant, and the Nations in Isaiah 42:1-9. Biblical Theological Reflections After Brevard S. Childs and Hans Hübner (FAT II/73; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014).

Provan, I., "Canons to the Left of Him: Brevard Childs, His Critics, and the Future of Old Testament Theology", SJT 50 (1997) 1-38.

Rendtorff, R., "Brevard S. Childs, Biblical Theology of the Old and New Testaments. Theological Reflections on the Christian Bible", JBT 9 (1994) 359-369.

Rendtorff, R., "Brevard S. Childs, 1923-2007", Kirche und Israel 23 (2008) 99-102.

Sanecki, A., Approccio canonico: tra storia e teologia, alla ricerca di un nuovo paradigma post-critico. L'analisi della metodologia canonica di B. S. Childs dal punto di vista cattolico (Tesi Gregoriana, Serie Teologia, 104; Roma: Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 2004).

Scalabrini, P. Rota, "Testo ed intertesto: confronto con la 'lettura canonica' di Childs e Sanders", in G. Angelini (ed.), La rivelazione attestata. La Bibbia fra testo e teologia. Raccolta di studi in onore del cardinale Carlo Maria Martini (Quodlibet 7; Milano: Glossa, 1998) 161-195.

Schmid, K., "Interpretationen biblischer Theologie. Die Ordnung der Bücher des Alten Testaments in den großen Septuagintahandschriften als Schlüssel zu ihrer Theologie", in Schriftgelehrte Traditionsliteratur. Fallstudien zur innerbiblischen Schriftauslegung im Alten Testament (FAT 77; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2011) 285-298. Revised version of his earlier study: Schmid, K., "Christologien antiker Bibelcodices. Biblisch-theologische Beobachtungen zu den Bücherordnungen im Codex Sinaiticus, im Codex Alexandrinus und im Codex Vaticanus", in G. Thomas – A. Schüle (eds.), Gegenwart des lebendigen Christus (Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2007) 43-55.

Schultz, R., "Brevard S. Childs' Contribution to Old Testament Interpretation: An Evangelical Appreciation and Assessment", Princeton Theological Review 14/1 [issue 38] (2008) 69-93.

Seitz, C. R. – K. Greene-McCreight (eds.), Theological Exegesis. Essays in Honor of Brevard S. Childs (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1999).

Seitz, C. R. – K. H. Richards (eds.), The Bible as Christian Scripture: The Work of Brevard S. Childs (Biblical Scholarship in North America, 25; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013).

Shepherd, C. E., Theological Interpretation and Isaiah 53: A Critical Comparison of Bernhard Duhm, Brevard Childs, and Alec Motyer (LHB/OTS 598; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2014).

Smit, P.-B., From Canonical Criticism to Ecumenical Exegesis? A Study in Biblical Hermeneutics (Studies in Reformed Theology, 30; Leiden: Brill, 2015).

Sumpter, P., "Brevard Childs as Critical and Faithful Exegete", Princeton Theological Review 14/1 [issue 38] (2008) 95-116.

Wanke, G., "Kanon und biblische Theologie. Hermeneutische Überlegungen zum alttestamentlichen Kanon", in M. Witte (ed.), Gott und Mensch im Dialog. Festschrift für Otto Kaiser zum 80. Geburtstag (BZAW 345/2; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2004) 1053-1061.

Weidemann, H.-U., "Kanon und Christuszeugnis – B. S. Childs' Antwort auf eine alte Frage", BK 55 (2000) 26-32.

Xun, C., Theological Exegesis in the Canonical Context: Brevard Springs Childs's Methodology of Biblical Theology (Studies in Biblical Literature, 137; New York: Peter Lang, 2010).