Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

Prophets in the Light of Human Sciences, I:
Psychological Aspects
(Prophetic "Ecstasy" and Related Matters)

[see also:  Pre-Classical Prophecy and Prophets: Anthropological Aspects]

Adam, K.-P., "'And He Behaved like a Prophet among Them' (1Sam 10:11b): The Depreciative Use of נבא Hitpael and the Comparative Evidence of Ecstatic Prophecy", WO 39 (2009) 3-57.

André, G., "Ecstatic Prophesy [sic!] in the Old Testament", in N. G. Holm (ed.), Religious Ecstasy. Based on Papers read at the Symposium on Religious Ecstasy held at Åbo, Finland, on the 26th – 28th of August 1981 (Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis, XI; Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1982) 187-200.

Berlejung, A., et al., "Auditions, Auditory Experiences", EBR 3 (2011) 74-94. Details: I. Ancient Near East (A. Berlejung) 74-75; II. Hebrew Bible / Old Testament (A. Behrens) 75-77; III. New Testament (P. G. R. de Villiers) 77-81; IV. Judaism (S. Beyerle – J. Costa) 81-85; V. Christianity (T. J. Heffernan – M. Frenschkowski) 85-92; VI. Islam (D. Thomas) 92-93; VII. Music (N. H. Petersen) 93-94.

Bourguignon, E. – L. Pettay, "Spirit Possession, Trance and Cross-Cultural Research", in J. Helm (ed.), Symposium on New Approaches to the Study of Religion (Seattle: American Ethnological Society, 1964) 39-46.

Bourguignon, E. (ed.), Religion, Altered States of Consciousness, and Social Change (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1973).

Carlson, R., Unfamiliar Selves in the Hebrew Bible: Possession and Other Spirit Phenomena (Ekstasis: Religious Experience from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, 9; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2022).

Gunkel, H., "Einleitungen", in H. Schmidt, Die großen Propheten (Die Schriften des ATs [ed. H. Gunkel et al.] II/2; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1915, 21923) xi-lxxii (in the first edition), ix-lxx (in the second). On "ecstatic prophecy" see especially the second section entitled "Die geheime Erfahrungen der Propheten", xx-xxxvi (1915), xvii-xxxiv (1923). English version: H. Gunkel, "The Secret Experiences of the Prophets", Expositor, Ninth Series, vol. 1 (1924) 356-366, 427-435; vol. 2 (1924) 23-32. [both volumes are dated 1924!].

Gunkel, H., Die Propheten (Religionsgeschichtliche Volksbücher für die deutsche christliche Gegenwart, II Reihe; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1917) 1-31; = I Profeti. A cura di F. Parente (Firenze: Sansoni, 1967)

Grabbe, L. L., Priests, Prophets, Diviners, Sages: A Socio-Historical Study of Religious Specialists in Ancient Israel (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press, 1995) 108-112; = Sacerdoti, profeti, indovini, sapienti nell'antico Israele (Parola di Dio, 17; Cinisello Balsamo [Milano]: San Paolo, 1998).

Henshaw, R. A., Female and Male. The Cultic Personnel. The Bible and the Rest of the Ancient Near East (Princeton Theological Monographs 31; Allison Park, PA: Pickwick, 1994). See espec. Chap. 3 (135-190) "Diviners, Magicians, Ecstatics and Wise Men and Women".

Hobbs, T. R., "The Search for Prophetic Consciousness. Comments on Method", BTB 15 (1985) 136-141.

Holm, N. G., "Ecstatic Research in the 20th Century – An Introduction", in N. G. Holm (ed.), Religious Ecstasy. Based on Papers read at the Symposium on Religious Ecstasy held at Åbo, Finland, on the 26th – 28th of August 1981 (Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis, XI; Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1982) 7-26.

Hölscher, G., Die Profeten. Untersuchungen zur Religionsgeschichte Israels (Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1914).

Jong, M. J. de, Isaiah Among the Ancient Near Eastern Prophets: A Comparative Study of the Earliest Stages of the Isaiah Tradition and the Neo-Assyrian Prophecies (VTSup 117; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 340-341.

Joyce, P. M., "The Prophets and Psychological Interpretation", in J. Day (ed.), Prophecy and the Prophets in Ancient Israel: Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar (LHB/OTS 531; London & New York: T & T Clark, 2010) 133-148.

Keller, M., The Hammer and the Flute: Women, Power, and Spirit Possession (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Lehnart, B., "Saul unter den 'Ekstatikern' (ISam 19,18-24)", in W. Dietrich (ed.), David und Saul im Widerstreit – Diachronie und Synchronie im Wettstreit. Beiträge zur Auslegung des ersten Samuelbuches (OBO 206: Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004) 205-223.

Levison, J. R., "Prophecy in Ancient Israel: The Case of the Ecstatic Elders", CBQ 65 (2003) 503-521.

Lewis, I. M., Ecstatic Religion: An Anthropological Study of Spirit Possession and Shamanism (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971). Second revised edition: Ecstatic Religion: A Study of Shamanism and Spirit Possession (London – New York: Routledge, 1989). French version of the first edition: Les religions de l'extase: étude anthropologique de la possession et du chamanisme (Sociologie d'aujourd'hui; Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1977).

Michaelsen, P., "Ecstasy and Possession in Ancient Israel. A Review of Some Recent Contributions", SJOT (2, 1989) 28-54.

Nissinen, M., "Biblical Prophecy from a Near Eastern Perspective: The Cases of Kingship and Divine Possession", in A. Lemaire (ed.), Congress Volume Ljubljana 2007 (VTSup 133; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 441-468. Reprinted in M. Nissinen, Prophetic Divination: Essays in Ancient Near Eastern Prophecy (BZAW 494; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 351-376.

Nissinen, M., "Prophetic Madness: Prophecy and Ecstasy in the Ancient Near East and in Greece", in K. L. Noll – B. Schramm (eds.), Raising Up a Faithful Exegete: Essays in Honor of Richard D. Nelson (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2010) 3-29.

Nola, A. M. di, "Profeti e profetismo", in A. M. di Nola et al. (eds.), Enciclopedia delle Religioni, vol. 4 (Firenze: Vallecchi, 1972) 1853-1903.

Oepke, A., ἔκστασις, ἐξίστημι, TWNT II (1935) 447-457. For English and Italian translations see here.

Overholt, T. W., Prophecy in Cross-Cultural Perspectives: A Sourcebook for Biblical Researchers (SBL Sources for Bible Study, 17; Atlanta, GA: Scholars, 1986).

Parker, S. B., "Possession Trance and Prophecy in Pre-Exilic Israel", VT 28 (1978) 271-285.

Petersen, D. L., "Ecstasy and Role Enactment", in R. P. Gordon (ed.), 'The Place is Too Small for Us'. The Israelite Prophets in Recent Scholarship (Sources for Biblical and Theological Study, 5; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1995) 279-288.

Pola, T., "Ekstase im Alten Testament", in H. Hemminger (ed.), Ekstase, Trance und die Gaben des Geistes. Psychologische und theologische Beiträge zum Gespräch mit dem charismatischen Bewegung (Hochschulschriften, 5; Friedensau: Institut für Psychologie und Seelsorge, 1998) 117-207. Reprinted in T. Pola, Gott fürchten und lieben. Studien zur Gotteserfahrung im Alten Testament (BThSt 59; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2007) 1-77.

Reiterer, F. V., "Ekstase – Besessenheit – Vision. Anmerkungen aus der Sicht des Alten Testamentes", Kairos 25 (1983) 156-175.

Ringgren, H., "Ecstasy", ABD II (1992) 280-281.

Uffenheimer, B., "Prophecy, Ecstasy, and Sympathy", in J. A. Emerton (ed.), Congress Volume Jerusalem 1986 (VTSup 40; Leiden: Brill, 1988) 257-269.

Werline, R. A., "Assessing the Prophetic Vision and Dream Texts for Insights into Religious Experience", in E. R. Hayes – L.-S. Tiemeyer (eds.), 'I Lifted My Eyes and Saw': Reading Dream and Vision Reports in the Hebrew Bible (LHB/OTS 584; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2014) 1-15.

Wilson, R. R., "Prophecy and Ecstasy: A Reexamination", JBL 98 (1979) 321-337.