Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Daniel-Related Extrabiblical Texts (Qumran and Later)



[see also:  Apocalyptic and Qumran]



The bibliography is divided into the following sections:

I.    Texts found at Qumran

Overview studies

Collins, J. J., "The Book of Daniel and the Dead Sea Scrolls", in N. Dávid – A. Lange – K. De Troyer – S. Tzoref (eds.), The Hebrew Bible in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls (FRLANT 239; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012) 203-217. Reprinted as "Chapter Seven: The Book of Daniel and the Dead Sea Scrolls", in J. J. Collins, Scriptures and Sectarianism: Essays on the Dead Sea Scrolls (WUNT I/332; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014) 102-115. Paperback reprint with same pagination (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2016).

DiTommaso, L., The Book of Daniel and the Apocryphal Daniel Literature (SVTP 20; Leiden: Brill, 2005).

Flint, P. W., "The Prophet Daniel at Qumran", in C. A. Evans – P. W. Flint (eds.), Eschatology, Messianism, and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature, 1; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997) 41-60.

Flint, P. W., "The Daniel Tradition at Qumran", in J. J. Collins – P.W. Flint (eds.), The Book of Daniel. Composition and Reception. Vol. Two (VTSup 83/2; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 329-367.

Knibb, M. A., "The Book of Daniel in its Context", in J. J. Collins – P.W. Flint (eds.), The Book of Daniel. Composition and Reception. Vol. One (VTSup 83/1; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 16-35.

Stuckenbruck, L. T., "The Book of Daniel and the Dead Sea Scrolls: The Making and Remaking of the Biblical Tradition", in J. H. Charlesworth (ed.), The Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Volume 1: The Hebrew Bible and Qumran. Proceedings of the Jubilee Celebration at Princeton Theological Seminary (N. Richland Hills, TX: BIBAL Press, 2000) 135-171.

Stuckenbruck, L. T., "The Formation and Re-Formation of Daniel in the Dead Sea Scrolls," in J. H. Charlesworth (ed.), The Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Second Princeton Symposium on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Vol. I: Scripture and the Scrolls (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2006) 101-130.


Prayer of Nabonidus [4Q242]

[online images here]

1.   DJD edition

Collins, J. J., "242: Prayer of Nabonidus", in G. J. Brooke et al. (eds.), Qumran Cave 4, XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3. By George Brooke, John Collins, Torleif Elgvin, Peter Flint, Jonas Greenfield, Erik Larson, Carol Newsom, Émile Puech, Lawrence H. Schiffman, Michael Stone, and Julio Trebolle Barrera. In consultation with James VanderKam. Partially based on earlier transcriptions by Jozef T. Milik and John Strugnell (DJD XXII; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996) 83-94 with Pl. VI.

2.   Other studies

Collins, J. J., "Nabonidus, Prayer of: (4QPrNab)", ABD IV (1992) 976-977.

Collins, J. J., "New Light on the Book of Daniel from the Dead Sea Scrolls", in F. García Martínez – E. Noort (eds.), Perspectives in the Study of the Old Testament and Early Judaism: A Symposium in Honour of Adam S. van der Woude on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday (VTSup 73; Leiden: Brill, 1998) 180-196. [especially on the Prayer of Nabonidus]

Collins, J. J., "Prayer of Nabonidus", in L. H. Feldman – J. L. Kugel – L. H. Schiffman (eds.), Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture. 3 vol. (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press; Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society, 2013) 2:1604-1606.

Cross, F. M., "Fragments of the Prayer of Nabonidus", IEJ 34 (1984) 260-264. Reprinted in F. M. Cross, Leaves from an Epigrapher's Notebook. Collected Papers in Hebrew and West Semitic Palaeography and Epigraphy (HSS 51; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003) 178-180.

Dommershausen, W., Nabonid im Buche Daniel (Mainz: Matthias-Grünewald, 1964), esp. 68-76.

Fitzmyer, J. A. – D. J. Harrington, A Manual of Palestinian Aramaic Texts: Second Century B.C. – Second Century A.D. (BibOr 34; Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1978) 2-5 and 191-193.

García Martínez, F., "4QOrNab: nueva síntesis", Sefarad 40 (1980) 5-25. [for a revised and updated version see the next item]

García Martínez, F., "The Prayer of Nabonidus: a New Synthesis", in F. García Martínez, Qumran and Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran (STDJ 9; Leiden: Brill, 1992) 116-136.

Grelot, P., "La prière de Nabonide (4Q Or Nab). Nouvel essai de restauration", RevQ 9,3 [36] (1978) 483-495.

Jongeling, B. – C. J. Labuschagne – A. S. van der Woude, Aramaic Texts from Qumran, with Translations and Annotations: Volume I (Semitic Study Series, N.S. 4; Leiden: Brill, 1976), esp. 121-131.

Kratz, R. G., "From Nabonidus to Cyrus", in A. Panaino – G. Pettinato (eds.), Ideologies as Intercultural Phenomena. Proceedings of the Third Annual Symposium of the Assyrian and Babylonian Intellectual Heritage Project, Held in Chicago, USA, October 27-31, 2000 (Melammu Symposia, 3; Milan: Università di Bologna & IsIao 2002) 143-156. [free download here] German version under the title "Nabonid und Kyros", in R. G. Kratz, Das Judentum im Zeitalter des Zweiten Tempels. Kleine Schriften I. 2., durchgesehene und überarbeitete Auflage (FAT 42; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2013) 40-54 [first ed. 2004: same pages]

Kratz, R. G., "Nabonid in Qumran", in E. Cancik-Kirschbaum – M. van Ess – J. Marzahn (eds.), Babylon: Wissenskultur in Orient und Okzident (Topoi: Berlin Studies of the Ancient World, 1; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011) 253-270.

Lange, A. – M. Sieker, "Gattung und Quellenwert des Gebets des Nabonid", in H.-J. Fabry – A. Lange – H. Lichtenberger (eds.), Qumranstudien: Vorträge und Beiträge der Teilnehmer des Qumranseminars auf dem internationalen Treffen der Society of Biblical Literature, Münster, 25-26 Juli 1993 (Schriften des Institutum Judaicum Deltzschianum, 4; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1996) 3-34.

Levine, B. A. – A. Robertson, "The Prayer of Nabonidus (4QPrNab) (1.89)", COS 1.89:285-286.

McNamara, M., "Nabonidus and the Book of Daniel", ITQ 37 (1970) 131-149.

Mertens, A., Das Buch Daniel im Lichte der Texte vom Toten Meer (SBM 12; Würzburg: Echter; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1971), esp. 34-42.

Meyer, R., "Das Qumranfragment 'Gebet des Nabonid'", TLZ 85 (1960) 831-834.

Meyer, R., Das Gebet des Nabonid: eine in den Qumran-Handschriften wiederentdeckte Weisheitserzählung (Sitzungsberichte der Sächischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipsig; Phil.-hist. Klasse, Band 107, Heft 3; Berlin: Akademie, 1962).

Milik, J. T., "«Prière de Nabonide» et autres écrits d'un cycle de Daniel: Fragments araméens de Qumrân 4 (Pl. I)", RB 63 (1956) 407-415. [editio princeps] [see 407-411 for the Prayer of Nabonidus]

Newsom, C. A., "Why Nabonidus? Excavating Traditions from Qumran, the Hebrew Bible, and Neo-Babylonian Sources", in S. Metso – H. Najman – E. Schuller (eds.), The Dead Sea Scrolls: Transmission of Traditions and Production of Texts (STDJ 92; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 57-79. Reprinted in C. A. Newsom, Rhetoric and Hermeneutics: Approaches to Text, Tradition and Social Construction in Biblical and Second Temple Literature (FAT 130; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019) 321-338.

Puech, É., "La prière de Nabonide (4Q242)", in K. J. Cathcart – M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies: Essays in Honour of Martin McNamara (JSOTSup 230; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996) 208-227.

Sack, R. H., "Nebuchadnezzar and Nabonidus in Folklore and History", Mesopotamia 17 (1982) 67-131.

Sack, R. H., "The Nabonidus Legend", RA 72 (1983) 59-67. [see 64-66 for the Prayer of Nabonidus]

Steinmann, A., "The Chicken and the Egg. A New Proposal for the Relationship between the Prayer of Nabonidus and the Book of Daniel", RevQ 20,4 [80] (2002) 557-570.

Waerzeggers, C., "The Prayer of Nabonidus in the Light of Hellenistic Babylonian Literature", in M. Popović – M. Schoonover – M. Vandenberghe (eds.), Jewish Cultural Encounters in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern World (JSJSup 178; Leiden: Brill, 2017) 64-75.

Woude, A. S. van der, "Bemerkungen zum Gebet des Nabonid", in M. Delcor (ed.), Qumrân. Sa pieté, sa théologie et son milieu (BETL 46; Paris & Gembloux: Duculot; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1978) 120-129.


Pseudo-Daniel [4Q243-245]

[online images of 4Q243 here (for the following two texts, substitute their 4Q serial numbers for "243" in the preceding URL)]

1.   DJD edition

Collins, J. J. – P. W. Flint. "Pseudo-Daniel", in G. J. Brooke et al. (eds.), Qumran Cave 4, XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3. By George Brooke, John Collins, Torleif Elgvin, Peter Flint, Jonas Greenfield, Erik Larson, Carol Newsom, Émile Puech, Lawrence H. Schiffman, Michael Stone, and Julio Trebolle Barrera. In consultation with James VanderKam. Partially based on earlier transcriptions by Jozef T. Milik and John Strugnell (DJD XXII; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996) 95-164 with Pl. VII-X. [4Q243-245]

2.   Other studies

Beyer, K., Die aramäischen Texte vom Toten Meer. Samt den Inschriften aus Palästina, dem Testament Levis aus der Kairoer Genisa, der Fastenrolle und den alten talmudischen Zitaten; aramaistische Einleitung, Text, Übersetzung, Deutung, Grammatik/Wörterbuch, deutsch-aramäische Wortliste, Register (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1984) 224-225.

Beyer, K., Die aramäischen Texte vom Toten Meer: Ergänzungsband (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1994) 105-107.

Beyer, K., Die aramäischen Texte vom Toten Meer. Samt den Inschriften aus Palästina, dem Testament Levis aus der Kairoer Genisa, der Fastenrolle und den alten talmudischen Zitaten; aramaistische Einleitung, Text, Übersetzung, Deutung, Grammatik/Wörterbuch, deutsch-aramäische Wortliste, Register. Band 2 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004).

Collins, J. J., "Pseudo-Daniel Revisited", RevQ 17,1-4 [65-68: Hommage à J. T. Milik] (1996) 111-135.

Collins, J. J., "Daniel, Book of: Pseudo-Daniel", in L. H. Schiffman – J. C. VanderKam (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) 1:176-178.

Collins, J. J., "Pseudo-Daniel", in L. H. Feldman – J. L. Kugel – L. H. Schiffman (eds.), Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture 3 Vol. (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press; Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society, 2013) 1:614-619.

Dimant, D., "The Seventy Weeks Chronology (Dan 9,24-27) in the Light of New Qumranic Texts", in A. S. van der Woude (ed.), The Book of Daniel in the Light of New Findings (BETL 106; Leuven: Leuven University Press – Peeters, 1993) 57-76.

DiTommaso, L., "4QPseudo-DanielA-B (4Q243-4Q244) and the Book of Daniel", DSD 12 (2005) 101-133.

Fitzmyer, J. A. – D. J. Harrington, A Manual of Palestinian Aramaic Texts: Second Century B.C. – Second Century A.D. (BibOr 34; Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1978) 4-9 and 193.

Flint, P. W., "4QPseudo-Daniel arc (4Q245) and the Restoration of the Priesthood", RevQ 17,1-4 [65-68: Hommage à J. T. Milik] (1996) 137-150.

Flint, P. W., "The Prophet Daniel at Qumran", in C. A. Evans – P. W. Flint (eds.), Eschatology, Messianism, and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature, 1; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997) 41-60.

Flint, P.W., "Noncanonical Writings in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Apocrypha, Other Previously Known Writings, Pseudepigrapha", in P. W. Flint (ed.), The Bible at Qumran: Text, Shape, and Interpretation (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2001) 80-126, esp. 109-113.

Flint, P. W., "The Daniel Tradition at Qumran", in J. J. Collins – P.W. Flint (eds.), The Book of Daniel. Composition and Reception. Vol. Two (VTSup 83/2; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 329-367.

García Martínez, F., "Notas al margen de 4QpsDaniel arameo", Aula Orientalis I/2 (1983) 193-208. [for a revised and updated version see the following item]

García Martínez, F., "4QPseudo Daniel Aramaic and the Pseudo-Danielic Literature", in F. García Martínez, Qumran and Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran (STDJ 9; Leiden: Brill, 1992) 137-161.

Mertens, A., Das Buch Daniel im Lichte der Texte vom Toten Meer (SBM 12; Würzburg: Echter; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1971), esp. 42-50. [on the pseudo-Daniel fragments]

Meyer, R., Das Gebet des Nabonid: eine in den Qumran-Handschriften wiederentdeckte Weisheitserzählung (Sitzungsberichte der Sächischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipsig; Phil.-hist. Klasse, Band 107, Heft 3; Berlin: Akademie, 1962), esp. 85-94. [on the pseudo-Daniel fragments]

Milik, J. T., "«Prière de Nabonide» et autres écrits d'un cycle de Daniel: Fragments araméens de Qumrân 4 (Pl. I)", RB 63 (1956) 407-415. [editio princeps] [on the "pseudo-Daniel" fragments see 411-415; Milik noted that this was only a provisional presentation]

Perrin, A. B., "Remembering the Past, Cultivating a Character: Memory and the Formation of Daniel in the Aramaic Pseudo-Daniel Texts (4Q243-244; 4Q245)", in M. Bundvad – K. Siegismund (eds.), Vision, Narrative, and Wisdom in the Aramaic Texts from Qumran: Essays from the Copenhagen Symposium, 14–15 August, 2017 (STDJ 131; Leiden: Brill, 2019) 6-30.

Perrin, A. B., "Expressions of Empire and Four Kingdoms Patterns in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls", in A. B. Perrin – L. T. Stuckenbruck (eds.), Four Kingdom Motifs Before and Beyond the Book of Daniel (Themes in Biblical Narrative: Jewish and Christian Traditions, 28; Leiden: Brill, 2021) 96-120 [on 4QPseudo Daniel see esp. 111-115].

Puech, É., "Le manuscrit 4QPseudoDanielc – 4Q245 revisité", RB 128 (2021) 190-200.

Reynolds, B. H., "Chapter 6: 4QPseudo-Daniela-b ar", in B. H. Reynolds, Between Symbolism and Realism: The Use of Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Language in Ancient Jewish Apocalypses 333–63 B.C.E. (JAJSup 8; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011) 327-374.

Stuckenbruck, L., "Daniel and Early Enoch Traditions in the Dead Sea Scrolls", in J. J. Collins – P. W. Flint (eds.), The Book of Daniel. Composition and Reception. Vol. Two (VTSup 83/2; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 368-386.

Wise, M. O., "4Q245 (psDanc ar) and the High Priesthood of Judas Maccabaeus", DSD 12 (2005) 313-362.


Aramaic Apocalypse [4Q246]

[online images here]

1.   DJD edition

Puech, É., "246. Apocryphe de Daniel ar", in G. J. Brooke et al. (eds.), Qumran Cave 4, XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3. By George Brooke, John Collins, Torleif Elgvin, Peter Flint, Jonas Greenfield, Erik Larson, Carol Newsom, Émile Puech, Lawrence H. Schiffman, Michael Stone, and Julio Trebolle Barrera. In consultation with James VanderKam. Partially based on earlier transcriptions by Jozef T. Milik and John Strugnell (DJD XXII; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996) 165-184, with Pl. 11.

2.   Other studies

Bach, M. Sayyad, "4Q246 and Collective Interpretation", in M. Bundvad – K. Siegismund (eds.), Vision, Narrative, and Wisdom in the Aramaic Texts from Qumran: Essays from the Copenhagen Symposium, 14–15 August, 2017 (STDJ 131; Leiden: Brill, 2019) 221-241.

Brooke, G. J., "Shared Exegetical Traditions between the Scrolls and the New Testament", in T. H. Lim – J. J. Collins (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010) 565-591, esp. 585-586 on 4Q246.

Buchanan, G. W., "4Q246 and the Political Titles of Jesus", in Z. J. Kapera (ed.), Mogilany 1993: Papers on the Dead Sea Scrolls Offered in Memory of Hans Burgmann (Kraków: Enigma Press, 1996) 77-87.

Collins, J. J., "The Son of God Text from Qumran", in M. C. De Boer (ed.), From Jesus to John: Essays on Jesus and New Testament Christology in Honour of Marinus de Jonge (JSNTSup 84; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993) 65-82.

Collins, J. J., "The Messiah as the Son of God", in his The Scepter and the Star: The Messiahs of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Ancient Literature (ABRL; New York: Doubleday, 1995) 154-172. Second Revised Edition: The Scepter and the Star: Messianism in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010) 171-190.

Collins, J. J., "Son of God", in L. H. Feldman – J. L. Kugel – L. H. Schiffman (eds.), Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture. 3 vol. (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press; Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society, 2013) 1:620-622.

Cook, E. M., "4Q246", BBR 5 (1995) 43-66.

Cross, F. M., "Notes on the Doctrine of the Two Messiahs at Qumran and the Extracanonical Daniel Apocalypse (4Q246)", in D. W. Parry – S. D. Ricks (eds.), Current Research and Technological Developments on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Conference on the Texts from the Judean Desert, Jerusalem, 30 April 1995 (STDJ 20; Leiden: Brill, 1996) 1-13.

Cross, F. M., "The Structure of the Apocalypse of 'Son of God' (4Q246)", in S. M. Paul – R. A. Kraft (eds.), Emanuel: Studies in Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Dead Sea Scrolls in Honor of Emanuel Tov (VTSup 94; Leiden: Brill, 2003) 151-158.

Dunn, J. D. G., "'Son of God' as 'Son of Man' in the Dead Sea Scrolls? A Response to John Collins on 4Q246", in S. E. Porter – C. A. Evans (eds.), The Scrolls and the Scriptures: Qumran Fifty Years After (JSPSup 26 / Roehampton Institute London Papers, 3; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997) 198-210.

Fabry, H.-J., "Die frühjüdische Apokalyptik als Reaktion auf Fremdherrschaft: Zur Funktion von 4Q246", in B. Kollmann – W. Reinbold – A. Steudel (eds.), Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag (BZNW 97; Berlin: De Gruyter, 1999) 84-98.

Ferda, T. S., "Naming the Messiah: A Contribution to the 4Q246 'Son of God' Debate", DSD 21 (2014) 150-175.

Fitzmyer, J. A., "The Contribution of Qumran Aramaic to the Study of the New Testament", NTS 20 (1973-74) 382-407, esp. 391-394. Reprinted [same title] in J. A. Fitzmyer, A Wandering Aramean: Collected Aramaic Essays (SBLMS 25; Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1979) 85-113, with an Addendum "Implications of the 4Q 'Son of God' Text" (102-107).

Fitzmyer, J. A., "4Q246: The 'Son of God' Document from Qumran", Bib 74 (1993) 153-174. [see Fitzmyer 2000 below for reprint information]

Fitzmyer, J. A., "The Aramaic 'Son of God' Text from Qumran Cave 4", Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Volume 722, Issue 1 [Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Khirbet Qumran Site: Present Realities and Future Prospects] (June 1994) 163-178. [see Fitzmyer 2000 below for reprint information]

Fitzmyer, J. A., "The Palestinian Background of 'Son of God' as a Title for Jesus", in T. Fornberg – D. Hellholm (eds.), Texts and Contexts: Biblical Texts in Their Textual and Situational Contexts: Essays in Honor of Lars Hartman (Oslo – Copenhagen – Stockholm – Boston: Scandinavian University Press, 1995) 567-577. Reprinted as Chapter 4 under the title "The Background of 'Son of God' as a Title for Jesus", in J. A. Fitzmyer, The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christian Origins (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000) 63-72.

Fitzmyer, J. A., "Chap. 3: The Aramaic 'Son of God' Text from Qumran Cave 4 (4Q246)", in J. A. Fitzmyer, The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christian Origins (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000) 41-61. [this is a combination of his articles in Bib 1993 and Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1994 noted above]

Flusser, D., "The Hubris of the Antichrist in a Fragment from Qumran", Immanuel 10 (1980) 31-37. Reprinted [same title] in D. Flusser, Judaism and the Origins of Christianity (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1988) 207-213.

García Martínez, F., "4Q 246: ¿Tipo del Anticristo o Libertador escatológico?", in V. Collado – E. Zurro (eds.), El Misterio de la Palabra. Homenaje de sus alumnos al profesor D. Luis Alonso Schökel al cumplir veinticinco años de magisterio en el Instituto Bíblico Pontificio (Institución San Jeronimo para la investigación bíblica; Madrid: Ediciones Cristiandad, 1983) 229-244. [for a revised and updated version see the following item]

García Martínez, F., "Chap. 6: The Eschatological Figure of 4Q246", in F. García Martínez, Qumran and Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran (STDJ 9; Leiden: Brill, 1992) 162-179.

García Martínez, F., "Two Messianic Figures in the Qumran Texts", in D. W. Parry – S. D. Ricks (eds.), Current Research and Technological Developments on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Conference on the Texts from the Judean Desert, Jerusalem, 30 April 1995 (STDJ 20; Leiden: Brill, 1996) 14-40. Reprinted in F. García Martínez, Qumranica Minora, II: Thematic Studies on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Edited by E. J. C. Tigchelaar (STDJ 64; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 13-32.

Justnes, Å., The Time of Salvation: An Analysis of 4QApocryphon of Daniel ar (4Q246), 4QMessianic Apocalypse (4Q521 2), and 4QTime of Righteousness (4Q215a) (European University Studies, XXIII/893; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2009). [on 4Q246 esp. 29-178]

Justnes, Å., "4QApocryphon of Daniel ar (4Q246) and the Book of Daniel", in L. L. Grabbe – G. Boccaccini – J. M. Zurawski (eds.), The Seleucid and Hasmonean Periods and the Apocalyptic Worldview. The First Enoch Seminar Nangeroni Meeting, Villa Cagnola, Gazzada (June 25-28, 2012) (LSTS 88; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016) 183-192.

Kratz, R. G., "Son of God and Son of Man: 4Q246 in the Light of the Book of Daniel", in G. V. Allen – K. Akagi – P. Sloan – M. Nevader (eds.), Son of God: Divine Sonship in Jewish and Christian Antiquity (University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns / Penn State University Press, 2019) 9-27.

Kuhn, K. A., "The 'One Like a Son of Man' Becomes the 'Son of God'", CBQ 69 (2007) 22-42.

Puech, É., "Fragment d'une apocalypse en araméen (4Q246 = pseudo-Dand) et le «royaume de Dieu»", RB 99 (1992) 98-131.

Puech, É., "Notes sur le fragment d'apocalypse 4Q246 – 'le fils de Dieu'", RB 101 (1994) 533-558.

Puech, É., "Some Remarks on 4Q246 and 4Q521 and Qumran Messianism", in D. W. Parry – E. Ulrich (eds), The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues (STDJ 30; Leiden: Brill, 1999) 545-565.

Puech, É., "Le fils de Dieu, le fils du Très-Haut, messie roi en 4Q246", in E. Bons (ed.), Le jugement dans l'un et l'autre testament, I: Mélanges offerts à Raymond Kuntzmann. Postface de Mgr Joseph Doré (LD 197; Paris: Cerf, 2004) 271-286.

Segal, M., "Who is the 'Son of God' in 4Q246? An Overlooked Example of Early Biblical Interpretation", DSD 21 (2014) 289-312.

Steudel, A., "The Eternal Reign of the People of God: Collective Expectations in Qumran Texts (4Q246 and 1QM)", RevQ 17,1-4 [65-68: Hommage à J. T. Milik] (1996) 507-525.

Tigchelaar, E. J. C., "Aramaic Apocryphon of Daniel (4QapocrDan ar/4Q246)", EBR 2 (2009) 620-621.

Zimmermann, J., "Observations on 4Q246: The 'Son of God'", in J. H. Charlesworth – H. Lichtenberger – G. S. Oegema (eds.), Qumran-Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1998) 175-190.


Daniel-Susanna? [4Q551 / 4Q Narrative]

[online images here]

1.   DJD edition

Puech, É., "B. Récit: 551. 4QRécit ar (Pl. III)", in E. Puech (ed.), Qumrân Grotte 4 XXVII: Textes Araméens, Deuxieme Partie: 4Q550-4Q575a, 4Q580-4Q587 et Appendices (DJD XXXVII; Oxford: Clarendon, 2009) 47-56.

2.   Other studies

Milik, J. T., "Daniel et Susanne à Qumrân?", in M. Carrez – J. Doré – P. Grelot (eds.), De la Tôrah au Messie. Études d'exégèse et d'herméneutique bibliques offertes à Henri Cazelles pour ses 25 années d'enseignement à l'Institut Catholique de Paris (Octobre 1979) (Paris: Desclée, 1981) 337-359.

Nickelsburg, G. W. E., "4Q551: A Vorlage to Susanna or a Text Related to Judges 19?", JJS 48 (1997) 349-351.


Four Kingdoms [4Q552-553-533a / 4Q Four Kingdomsa-c]

[online images of 4Q552 here]

1.   DJD edition

Puech, É., "C. Les quatre royaumes [552, 553, 553a (Pl. III-IV]", in E. Puech (ed.), Qumrân Grotte 4 XXVII: Textes Araméens, Deuxieme Partie: 4Q550-4Q575a, 4Q580-4Q587 et Appendices (DJD XXXVII; Oxford: Clarendon, 2009) 57-90.

2.   Other studies

Hogeterp, A. L. A., "Daniel and the Qumran Daniel Cycle: Observations on 4QFour Kingdoms a-b (4Q552-553)", in M. Popović (ed.), Authoritative Scriptures in Ancient Judaism (JSJSup 141; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 173-191.

Perrin, A. B. – L. T. Stuckenbruck (eds.), Four Kingdom Motifs Before and Beyond the Book of Daniel (Themes in Biblical Narrative: Jewish and Christian Traditions, 28; Leiden: Brill, 2021).

Perrin, A. B., "Expressions of Empire and Four Kingdoms Patterns in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls", in A. B. Perrin – L. T. Stuckenbruck (eds.), Four Kingdom Motifs Before and Beyond the Book of Daniel (Themes in Biblical Narrative: Jewish and Christian Traditions, 28; Leiden: Brill, 2021) 96-120. [on 4QFour Kingdoms see esp. 101-106]

Reynolds, B. H., "4QFour Kingdomsa-b ar", in B. H. Reynolds, Between Symbolism and Realism: The Use of Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Language in Ancient Jewish Apocalypses 333–63 B.C.E. (JAJSup 8; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011) 191-206.

Sharon, N., "'Four Kingdoms' in the Dead Sea Scrolls? A Reconsideration", DSD 27 (2020) 202-233.


The 4Q "New Jerusalem" fragments [4Q554, 554a, 555 / 4Q NJa-c]

[relevance for Daniel: a possible (but disputed) occurrence of the "four kingdoms" motif in 4Q554 13 or 4Q554, Frag. 2, col. III]

[online images of 4Q554 here]

1.   DJD edition

Puech, É., "D. Jérusalem Nouvelle [554, 554a, 555 (Pl. V-VII]", in E. Puech (ed.), Qumrân Grotte 4 XXVII: Textes Araméens, Deuxieme Partie: 4Q550-4Q575a, 4Q580-4Q587 et Appendices (DJD XXXVII; Oxford: Clarendon, 2009) 91-152.

2.   Other studies [see also the bibliography on the Four Kingdoms text above]

Antonissen, H., "Some Aspects of New Jerusalem", in A. Hilhorst – É. Puech – E. J. C. Tigchelaar (eds.), Flores Florentino: Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Early Jewish Studies in Honour of Florentino García Martínez (JSJSup 122; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 239-255.

DiTommaso, L., The Dead Sea "New Jerusalem" Text: Contents and Contexts (TSAJ 110; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2005).

García Martínez, F., "The «New Jerusalem» and the Future Temple of the Manuscripts from Qumran", in F. García Martínez, Qumran and Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran (STDJ 9; Leiden: Brill, 1992) 180-213.

Maier, Johann, Die Tempelrolle vom Toten Meer und das 'Neue Jerusalem': 11Q19 und 11Q20; 1Q32, 2Q24, 4Q554-555, 5Q15 und 11Q18. Übersetzung und Erläuterung mit Grundrissen der Tempelhofanlage und Skizzen zur Stadtplanung. 3., völlig neu bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage (UTB für Wissenschaft, 829; München: Ernst Reinhardt, 1997). [first ed. 1978]

Perrin, A. B., "Expressions of Empire and Four Kingdoms Patterns in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls", in A. B. Perrin – L. T. Stuckenbruck (eds.), Four Kingdom Motifs Before and Beyond the Book of Daniel (Themes in Biblical Narrative: Jewish and Christian Traditions, 28; Leiden: Brill, 2021) 96-120. [esp. 107-109 on 4Q554]

Puech, É., La croyance des Esséniens en la vie future: immortalité, résurrection, vie éternelle? Histoire d'une croyance dans le Judaïsme Ancien. I: La résurrection des morts et le contexte scripturaire. II: Les données qumraniennes et classiques (EtBib, n.s. 21 & 22; Paris: Gabalda, 1993), esp. 591-596.

Puech, É., "À propos de la Jérusalem Nouvelle d'après les manuscrits de la mer Morte", Semitica 43-44 (1995) 87-102.

II.    Later Daniel-literature in various languages

Berger, K., Die griechische Daniel-Diegese: eine altkirchliche Apokalypse. Text, Übersetzung und Kommentar (Studia post-biblica, 27; Leiden: Brill, 1976).

Brock, S. P., "'The Young Daniel': A Little Known Syriac Apocalyptic Text – Introduction and Translation", in J. Ashton (ed.), Revealed Wisdom: Studies in Apocalyptic in Honour of Christopher Rowland (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 88; Leiden: Brill, 2014) 267-285.

Brock, S. P., "The Young Daniel: A Syriac Apocalyptic Text on the End, and the Problem of Its Dating", in H. Amirav – E. Grypeon – G. Strousma (eds.), Apocalypticism and Eschatology in Late Antiquity: Encounters in the Abrahamic Religions, 6th–8th Centuries (Late Antique History and Religion, 17 / Beyond the Fathers, 2; Leuven: Peeters, 2017) 75-85.

DiTommaso, L., The Book of Daniel and the Apocryphal Daniel Literature (SVTP 20; Leiden: Brill, 2005).

DiTommaso, L., "The Early Christian Daniel Apocalyptica," in R. J. Daly (ed.), Apocalyptic Thought in Early Christianity ( Holy Cross Studies in Patristic Theology and History; Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2009) 227-239.

DiTommaso, L., "Daniel, Apocalypses of", EBR 6 (2013) 136-142.

DiTommaso, "The Apocryphal Daniel Apocalypses: Works, Manuscripts, and Overview", ETL 94 (2018) 275-316.

García Martínez, F., "Chap. 5: 4QPseudo Daniel Aramaic and the Pseudo-Danielic Literature", in F. García Martínez, Qumran and Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran (STDJ 9; Leiden: Brill, 1992) 137-161. [esp. 149-161 on the post-Qumran works]

Henze, M., The Syriac Apocalypse of Daniel: Introduction, Text, and Commentary (Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum / Studies and Texts in Antiquity and Christianity, 11; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001).

Kraft, R. A., "Daniel Outside the Traditional Jewish Canon: In the Footsteps of M. R. James", in P. W. Flint – E. Tov – J. C. VanderKam (eds.), Studies in the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, and the Septuagint Presented to Eugene Ulrich (VTSup 101; Leiden: Brill, 2006) 121-133.

La Porta, S., "The Seventh Vision of Daniel", in R. Bauckham – J. R. Davila – A. Panayotov (eds.), Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: More Noncanonical Scriptures, Volume 1 (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2013) 410-434.

Lourié, B., "A Danielic Pseudepigraphon Paraphrased by Papias", in R. Bauckham – J. R. Davila – A. Panayotov (eds.), Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: More Noncanonical Scriptures, Volume 1 (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2013) 435-441. [introduction and translation]

Lourié, B., "An Unknown Danielic Pseudepigraphon from an Armenian Fragment of Papias", JSP 21.4 (June 2012) 323-339. [available online here]

Somov, A., "The Martyrdom of Daniel and the Three Youths", JSP 30.4 (June 2021) 198-227.

Zervos, G. T., "Apocalypse of Daniel (Ninth Century A.D.): A New Translation and Introduction", OTP I (1983) 755-770.