Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

The Blessing of Moses (Deut 33,1-29)

[see also:  Gen 49 and Judg 5]

The bibliography is divided into three sections as follows:

I.    Titles up to 1980

Armerding, C., "The Last Words of Moses: Deuteronomy 33", BSac 114 (1957) 225-234.

Ball, C. J., "The Blessing of Moses", Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archeology 18 (1896) 118-137.

Budde, K., Der Segen Mose's: Deut. 33 erläutert und übersetzt (Tübingen: Mohr, 1922).

Cassuto, U., "Il cap. 33 del Deuteronomio e la Festa del Capo d'anno nell'antico Israele", Rivista degli studi orientali 11 (1928) 233-253. Reprinted in La Rassegna Mensile di Israel 82, N. 2-3 (Maggio-Dicembre 2016), Tomo II ("Scritti scelti di Umberto Cassuto") 431-454. English version under the title "Deuteronomy Chapter 33 and the New Year in Ancient Israel", in U. Cassuto, Biblical and Oriental Studies. Vol. 1: Bible. Translated from the Hebrew and Italian by I. Abrahams (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press of the Hebrew University, 1973) 47-70.

Cross, F. M. – D. N. Freedman, "The Blessing of Moses", JBL 67 (1948) 191-210. Reprinted in a slightly revised version in F. M. Cross – D. N. Freedman, Studies in Ancient Yahwistic Poetry (The Biblical Resource Series; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans; Livonia, MI: Dove Booksellers, 1997) 64-81. [for further bibliographical data about this reprinted edition see here]

Fisher, L. R. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, I (AnOr 49; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1972): see the Index of Texts for various references to Deut 33, noting in particular on 33,17 (III.111: pp. 444-445).

Fisher, L. R. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, II (AnOr 50; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1975): see the Index of Texts for various references to Deut 33, in particular on 33,7 (I.46: pp. 25-26) and 33,29 (I.27: p. 17).

Freedman, D. N., "Early Israelite History in the Light of Early Israelite Poetry", in H. Goedicke – J. J. M. Roberts (eds.), Unity and Diversity: Essays in the History. Literature and Religion of the Ancient Near East (Johns Hopkins University. Near Eastern Studies; Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1975) 3-35. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 131-166.

Freedman, D. N., "Divine Names and Titles in Early Hebrew Poetry", in F. M. Cross – W. E. Lemke – P. D. Miller (eds.), Magnalia Dei: The Mighty Acts of God. Essays on the Bible and Archaeology in Memory of G. Ernest Wright (New York: Doubleday, 1976) 55-107. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 77-129 (on Deut 33, see esp. 90-92).

Freedman, D. N., "Early Israelite Poetry and Historical Reconstructions", in F. M. Cross (ed.), Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American School of Oriental Research (Zion Research Foundation Occasional Publications, 1-2; Cambridge, MA: ASOR, 1979) 85-96. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 167-178.

Freedman, D. N., "The Poetic Structure of the Framework of Deuteronomy 33", in G. Rendsburg – R. Adler – M. Arfa – N. H. Winter (eds.), The Bible World. Essays in Honor of Cyrus H. Gordon (New York: KTAV Publishing House and The Institute of Hebrew Culture and Education of New York University, 1980) 25-46. Reprinted [same title], in J. R. Huddlestun (ed.), Divine Commitment and Human Obligation. Selected Writings of David Noel Freedman. Volume Two: Poetry and Orthography (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997) 88-107.

Gaster, T. H., "An Ancient Eulogy of Israel: Deuteronomy 33,3-5.26-29", JBL 66 (1947) 53-62.

Gordis, R., "Critical Notes on the Blessing of Moses (Deut xxxiii)", JTS 34 (1933) 390-392.

Gordis, R., "The Text and Meaning of Deuteronomy 33:27", JBL 67 (1948) 69-72. [critique of Gaster, JBL 1947 above]

Graf, K. H., Der Segen Mose's (Deuteronomium C. XXXIII) (Leipzig: Dyk'sche Buchhandlung, 1857).

Gunneweg, A. H. J., "Über den Sitz im Leben der sog. Stammessprüche (Gen 49, Dtn 33, Jdc 5)", ZAW 76 (1964) 245-255.

Hayman, H., "The Blessing of Moses: Its Genesis and Structure", AJSL 17 (1900-1901) 96-106.

Hoonacker, A. van, "Notes sur le texte de la 'Bénédiction de Moïse' (Deut. XXXIII)", Le Muséon: Revue d'études orientales 42 (1929) 42-60.

Labuschagne, C. J., "The Tribes in the Blessing of Moses", in J. Barr (ed.), Language and Meaning: Studies in Hebrew Language and Biblical Exegesis. Papers Read at the Joint British-Dutch Old Testament Conference at London 1973 (OTS 19; Leiden: Brill, 1974) 97-112.

Margulis, B., "Gen XLIX 10 / Deut XXXIII 2-3: A New Look at Old Problems", VT 19 (1969) 202-210.

Miller, P. D., "Two Critical Notes on Psalm 68 and Deuteronomy 33", HTR 57 (1964) 240-243.

Nyberg, H. S., "Deuteronomion 33,2-3", ZDMG 92 (1938) 320-345.

Phythian-Adams, W. J., "On the Date of the 'Blessing of Moses' (Deut XXXIII)", Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society 3 (1923) 158-166.

Rofé, A., "Moses' Blessing, the Sanctuary of Nebo and the Origin of the Levites" [Hebr.], in Y. Avishur – J. Blau (eds.), Studies in Bible and the Ancient Near East, Presented to Samuel E. Loewenstamm on his Seventieth Birthday. 2 vol. (Jerusalem: Rubinstein, 1978) 409-424 (in the Hebrew volume), with a summary on 207-209 in the non-Hebrew volume.

Seebass, H., "Die Stämmeliste von Dtn. XXXIII", VT 27 (1977) 158-169.

Seebass, H., "Erwägungen zum altisraelitischen System der zwölf Stämme", ZAW 90 (1978) 196-220.

Seeligmann, I. L., "A Psalm from Pre-Regal Times", VT 14 (1964) 75-92. Reprinted [same title] in I. L. Seeligmann, Gesammelte Studien zur Hebräischen Bibel. Herausgegen von Erhard Blum, mit einem Beitrag von Rudolf Smend (FAT 41; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004) 349-364.

Tournay, R. J., "Le psaume et les bénedictions de Moïse (Deutéronome XXXIII)", RB 65 (1958) 181-213. [see Tournay 1996 below for a revised version of this article]

Volck, W., Der Segen Moses: Deut. Kap. XXXIII untersucht und ausgelegt (Erlangen: Deichert, 1873). [full text available in GoogleBooks]

Weisman, Z., "A Connecting Link in an Old Hymn: Deuteronomy XXXIII 19a, 21b", VT 28 (1978) 365-368.

Zobel, H.-J., Stammesspruch und Geschichte: die Angaben der Stammessprüche von Gen 49, Dtn 33 und Jdc 5 über die politischen und kultischen Zustände im damaligen "Israel" (BZAW 95; Berlin: Töpelmann, 1965).

II.    Titles from 1981 onwards

Alexsson, L. E., The Lord Rose Up from Seir: Studies in the History and Traditions of the Negev and Southern Judah (CBOT 25; Lund: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1987).

Baden, J. S., "The Violent Origins of the Levites: Text and Traditions", in M. Leuchter – J. M. Hutton (eds.), Levites and Priests in Biblical History and Tradition (SBLAIL 9; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature; Leiden: Brill, 2011) 103-116.

Bartusch, Mark W., Understanding Dan. An Exegetical Study of a Biblical City, Tribe and Ancestor (JSOTSup 379; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003), esp. 68-74.

Beyerle, S., Der Mosesegen im Deuteronomium. Eine text-, kompositions- und formkritische Studie zu Deuteronomium 33 (BZAW 250; Berlin: De Gruyter, 1997).

Beyerle, S., "Evidence of a Polymorphic Text. Towards the Text-History of Deuteronomy 33", DSD 5 (1998) 215-232.

Britt, B., Rewriting Moses. The Narrative Eclipse of the Text (JSOTSup 402 / Gender, Culture, Theory, 14; London: T & T Clark, 2004), esp. 158-164.

Caquot, A., "Les bénédictions de Moïse (Deutéronome 33,6-25), I: Ruben, Juda, Lévi, Benjamin", Semitica 32 (1982) 67-81.

Caquot, A., "Les bénédictions de Moïse (Deutéronome 33,6-25), II: De Joseph à Asher", Semitica 33 (1983) 59-76.

Christensen, D. L., "Two Stanzas of a Hymn in Deuteronomy 33", Bib 65 (1984) 382-389. [on vv. 2-5 and 26-29a]

Christensen, D. L., "Dtn 33,11 – A Curse in the 'Blessing of Moses'?", ZAW 101 (1989) 278-282.

Florentin, M., "'On the Head Joseph, and on the Leader, the Consecrated among His Brothers' (Genesis 49:26; Deuteronomy 33:16): A Study of the Grammar, Interpretation, and Version of Two Words with Geminated Consonants in the Samaritan Pentateuch", in J. Dušek (ed.), The Samaritans in Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Perspectives (Studia Samaritana, 11 – Studia Judaica, 110; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018) 301-313.

Freedman, D. N., "'Who Is Like Thee among the Gods?': The Religion of Early Israel", in P. D. Miller – P. D. Hanson – S. Dean McBride (eds.), Ancient Israelite Religion. Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987) 315-335. [on Deut 33, esp. 318-323] Reprinted [same title] in J. R. Huddlestun (ed.), Divine Commitment and Human Obligation. Selected Writings of David Noel Freedman. Volume One: History and Religion (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997) 383-402.

Fuller, R., "The Blessing of Levi in Dtn 33, Mal 2, and Qumran", in R. Bartelmus – T. Krüger – H. Utzschneider (eds.), Konsequente Traditionsgeschichte. Festschrift für Klaus Baltzer zum 65. Geburtstag (OBO 126; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1993) 31-44.

Gilhooly, J. R., "Angels: Reconsidering the Septuagint Reading of Deuteronomy 33:2", JSCS 50 (2017) 155-159.

Heck, J. D., "The Missing Sanctuary of Deut 33:12", JBL 103 (1984) 523-529.

Heck, J. D., "A History of Interpretation of Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33", BSac 147 (1990) 16-31.

Kelly, B., "Quantitative Analysis of the Tribal Sayings in Deuteronomy 33 and its Significance for the Poem's Overall Structure", in S. Malena – D. Miano (eds.), Milk and Honey. Essays on Ancient Israel and the Bible in Appreciation of the Judaic Studies Program at the University of California, San Diego (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007) 53-63.

Kissling, P. J., "The Testament of Jacob and the Blessing of Moses: A Narrative Approach", in R. L. Cole – P. J. Kissling (eds.), Text and Canon: Essays in Honor of John H. Sailhamer (Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2017) 1-15.

Knohl, I., "Sacred Architecture: The Numerical Dimensions of Biblical Poems", VT 62 (2012) 189-197.

Macuch, R. , "Hermeneutical Divergencies Between the Samaritan and Jewish Versions of the Blessings on the Patriarchs (Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33)", in A. D. Crown – L. Davey (eds.), Essays in Honour of G. D. Sixdenier: New Samaritan Studies of the Société d'études samaritaines, III & IV. Proceedings of the Congresses of Oxford 1990, Yarnton Manor and Paris 1992, Collège de France: with lectures given at Hong Kong 1993 as participation in the ICANAS Congress (Studies in Judaica, 5; Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing, The University of Sydney, 1995) 365-379.

Mathys, H.-P., Dichter und Beter. Theologen aus spätalttestamentlicher Zeit (OBO 132; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1994), esp. 170-174.

Nobile, M., "Le 'benedizioni' a Giuda e a Giuseppe in Gen 49,8-12.22-26 e in Dt 33,7.13-17, nel quadro della redazione Gen–2 Re", Anton 64 (1989) 501-517.

Pfeiffer, H., Jahwes Kommen von Süden. Jdc 5, Hab 3, Dtn 33 und Ps 68 in ihrem literatur- und theologiegeschichtlichen Umfeld (FRLANT 211; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2005).

Pfitzmann, F., Un YHWH venant du Sud? De la réception vétérotestamentaire des traditions méridionales et du lien entre Madian, le Néguev et l'exode (Ex-Nb; Jg 5; Ps 68; Ha 3; Dt 33) (ORA 39; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2020). [on Deut 33,2 esp. Chap. 4.3 and 4.4 (407-455)]

Rendsburg, G. A., "Israelian Hebrew Features in Deuteronomy 33", in N. S. Fox – D. A. Glatt-Gilad – M. J. Williams (eds.), Mishneh Todah: Studies in Deuteronomy and Its Cultural Environment in Honor of Jeffrey H. Tigay (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2009) 167-183.

Rummel, S. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, III (AnOr 51; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1981): see the Index of Texts for various references to Deut 33. In particular see on 33,2-3 (IV.34.r: p. 439); on 33,6 (I.107: p. 65); on 33,12 (I.304: pp. 159-160; IV 39.h.z: pp. 451-458); on 33,22 (IV 35.h: pp. 441-444); on 33,26 (IV 40: p. 458-460).

Schorn, U., Ruben und das System der zwölf Stämme Israels. Redaktionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung des Erstgeborenen Jakobs (BZAW 248; Berlin: De Gruyter, 1997).

Smith, M. S., "God in Israel's Bible: Divinity Between the World and Israel, Between the Old and the New", CBQ 74 (2012) 1-27.

Sparks, K. L., Ethnicity and Identity in Ancient Israel. Prolegomena to the Study of Ethnic Sentiments and their Expression in the Hebrew Bible (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1998), esp. 267-272 (Excursus 1: "The Tribal List in the Blessing of Moses").

Steymans, H. U., "The Blessings in Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33: Awareness of Intertextuality", in J. H. le Roux – E. Otto (eds.), South African Perspectives on the Pentateuch Between Synchrony and Diachrony (LHB/OTS 463; London: T & T Clark, 2007) 71-89.

Tournay, R. J. , "Le psaume et les bénédictions de Moïse (Deutéronome XXXIII)", RB 103 (1996) 196-212. [for an earlier version of this paper see above s.v. Tournay 1958]

Woude, A. S. van der, "Erwägungen zum Rahmenspsalm von Deuteronomium 33", in F. García Martínez – A. Hilhorst – J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten – A. S. van der Woude (eds.), Studies in Deuteronomy. In Honour of C. J. Labuschagne on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday (VTSup 53; Leiden: Brill, 1994) 281-288.

III.    Online resources

Pfeiffer, H., "Mosesegen", in WiBiLex [article dated Jan. 2007]. See the Useful Links page for information about the WiBiLex.