Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

The Blessing of Moses (Deut 33,1-29)

[see also:  Gen 49 and Judg 5]

The bibliography is divided into three sections as follows:

I.    Titles up to 1980

Armerding, C., "The Last Words of Moses: Deuteronomy 33", BSac 114 (1957) 225-234.

Ball, C. J., "The Blessing of Moses", Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archeology 18 (1896) 118-137.

Budde, K., Der Segen Mose's: Deut. 33 erläutert und übersetzt (Tübingen: Mohr, 1922).

Cassuto, U., "Il cap. 33 del Deuteronomio e la Festa del Capo d'anno nell'antico Israele", Rivista degli studi orientali 11 (1928) 233-253. Reprinted in La Rassegna Mensile di Israel 82, N. 2-3 (Maggio-Dicembre 2016), Tomo II ("Scritti scelti di Umberto Cassuto") 431-454. English version under the title "Deuteronomy Chapter 33 and the New Year in Ancient Israel", in U. Cassuto, Biblical and Oriental Studies. Vol. 1: Bible. Translated from the Hebrew and Italian by I. Abrahams (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press of the Hebrew University, 1973) 47-70.

Cross, F. M. – D. N. Freedman, "The Blessing of Moses", JBL 67 (1948) 191-210. Reprinted in a slightly revised version in F. M. Cross – D. N. Freedman, Studies in Ancient Yahwistic Poetry (The Biblical Resource Series; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans; Livonia, MI: Dove Booksellers, 1997) 64-81. [for further bibliographical data about this reprinted edition see here]

Fisher, L. R. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, I (AnOr 49; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1972): see the Index of Texts for various references to Deut 33, noting in particular on 33,17 (III.111: pp. 444-445).

Fisher, L. R. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, II (AnOr 50; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1975): see the Index of Texts for various references to Deut 33, in particular on 33,7 (I.46: pp. 25-26) and 33,29 (I.27: p. 17).

Freedman, D. N., "Early Israelite History in the Light of Early Israelite Poetry", in H. Goedicke – J. J. M. Roberts (eds.), Unity and Diversity: Essays in the History. Literature and Religion of the Ancient Near East (Johns Hopkins University. Near Eastern Studies; Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1975) 3-35. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 131-166.

Freedman, D. N., "Divine Names and Titles in Early Hebrew Poetry", in F. M. Cross – W. E. Lemke – P. D. Miller (eds.), Magnalia Dei: The Mighty Acts of God. Essays on the Bible and Archaeology in Memory of G. Ernest Wright (New York: Doubleday, 1976) 55-107. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 77-129 (on Deut 33, see esp. 90-92).

Freedman, D. N., "Early Israelite Poetry and Historical Reconstructions", in F. M. Cross (ed.), Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American School of Oriental Research (Zion Research Foundation Occasional Publications, 1-2; Cambridge, MA: ASOR, 1979) 85-96. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 167-178.

Freedman, D. N., "The Poetic Structure of the Framework of Deuteronomy 33", in G. Rendsburg – R. Adler – M. Arfa – N. H. Winter (eds.), The Bible World. Essays in Honor of Cyrus H. Gordon (New York: KTAV Publishing House and The Institute of Hebrew Culture and Education of New York University, 1980) 25-46. Reprinted [same title], in J. R. Huddlestun (ed.), Divine Commitment and Human Obligation. Selected Writings of David Noel Freedman. Volume Two: Poetry and Orthography (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997) 88-107.

Gaster, T. H., "An Ancient Eulogy of Israel: Deuteronomy 33,3-5.26-29", JBL 66 (1947) 53-62.

Gordis, R., "Critical Notes on the Blessing of Moses (Deut xxxiii)", JTS 34 (1933) 390-392.

Gordis, R., "The Text and Meaning of Deuteronomy 33:27", JBL 67 (1948) 69-72. [critique of Gaster, JBL 1947 above]

Graf, K. H., Der Segen Mose's (Deuteronomium C. XXXIII) (Leipzig: Dyk'sche Buchhandlung, 1857).

Gunneweg, A. H. J., "Über den Sitz im Leben der sog. Stammessprüche (Gen 49, Dtn 33, Jdc 5)", ZAW 76 (1964) 245-255.

Hayman, H., "The Blessing of Moses: Its Genesis and Structure", AJSL 17 (1900-1901) 96-106.

Hoonacker, A. van, "Notes sur le texte de la 'Bénédiction de Moïse' (Deut. XXXIII)", Le Muséon: Revue d'études orientales 42 (1929) 42-60.

Labuschagne, C. J., "The Tribes in the Blessing of Moses", in J. Barr (ed.), Language and Meaning: Studies in Hebrew Language and Biblical Exegesis. Papers Read at the Joint British-Dutch Old Testament Conference at London 1973 (OTS 19; Leiden: Brill, 1974) 97-112.

Margulis, B., "Gen XLIX 10 / Deut XXXIII 2-3: A New Look at Old Problems", VT 19 (1969) 202-210.

Miller, P. D., "Two Critical Notes on Psalm 68 and Deuteronomy 33", HTR 57 (1964) 240-243.

Nyberg, H. S., "Deuteronomion 33,2-3", ZDMG 92 (1938) 320-345.

Phythian-Adams, W. J., "On the Date of the 'Blessing of Moses' (Deut XXXIII)", Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society 3 (1923) 158-166.

Rofé, A., "Moses' Blessing, the Sanctuary of Nebo and the Origin of the Levites" [Hebr.], in Y. Avishur – J. Blau (eds.), Studies in Bible and the Ancient Near East, Presented to Samuel E. Loewenstamm on his Seventieth Birthday. 2 vol. (Jerusalem: Rubinstein, 1978) 409-424 (in the Hebrew volume), with a summary on 207-209 in the non-Hebrew volume.

Seebass, H., "Die Stämmeliste von Dtn. XXXIII", VT 27 (1977) 158-169.

Seebass, H., "Erwägungen zum altisraelitischen System der zwölf Stämme", ZAW 90 (1978) 196-220.

Seeligmann, I. L., "A Psalm from Pre-Regal Times", VT 14 (1964) 75-92. Reprinted [same title] in I. L. Seeligmann, Gesammelte Studien zur Hebräischen Bibel. Herausgegen von Erhard Blum, mit einem Beitrag von Rudolf Smend (FAT 41; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004) 349-364.

Tournay, R. J., "Le psaume et les bénedictions de Moïse (Deutéronome XXXIII)", RB 65 (1958) 181-213. [see Tournay 1996 below for a revised version of this article]

Volck, W., Der Segen Moses: Deut. Kap. XXXIII untersucht und ausgelegt (Erlangen: Deichert, 1873). [full text available in GoogleBooks]

Weisman, Z., "A Connecting Link in an Old Hymn: Deuteronomy XXXIII 19a, 21b", VT 28 (1978) 365-368.

Zobel, H.-J., Stammesspruch und Geschichte: die Angaben der Stammessprüche von Gen 49, Dtn 33 und Jdc 5 über die politischen und kultischen Zustände im damaligen "Israel" (BZAW 95; Berlin: Töpelmann, 1965).

II.    Titles from 1981 onwards

Alexsson, L. E., The Lord Rose Up from Seir: Studies in the History and Traditions of the Negev and Southern Judah (CBOT 25; Lund: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1987).

Baden, J. S., "The Violent Origins of the Levites: Text and Traditions", in M. Leuchter – J. M. Hutton (eds.), Levites and Priests in Biblical History and Tradition (SBLAIL 9; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature; Leiden: Brill, 2011) 103-116.

Bartusch, Mark W., Understanding Dan. An Exegetical Study of a Biblical City, Tribe and Ancestor (JSOTSup 379; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003), esp. 68-74.

Beyerle, S., Der Mosesegen im Deuteronomium. Eine text-, kompositions- und formkritische Studie zu Deuteronomium 33 (BZAW 250; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1997).

Beyerle, S., "Evidence of a Polymorphic Text. Towards the Text-History of Deuteronomy 33", DSD 5 (1998) 215-232.

Britt, B., Rewriting Moses. The Narrative Eclipse of the Text (JSOTSup 402 / Gender, Culture, Theory, 14; London: T & T Clark, 2004), esp. 158-164.

Caquot, A., "Les bénédictions de Moïse (Deutéronome 33,6-25), I: Ruben, Juda, Lévi, Benjamin", Semitica 32 (1982) 67-81.

Caquot, A., "Les bénédictions de Moïse (Deutéronome 33,6-25), II: De Joseph à Asher", Semitica 33 (1983) 59-76.

Christensen, D. L., "Two Stanzas of a Hymn in Deuteronomy 33", Bib 65 (1984) 382-389. [on vv. 2-5 and 26-29a]

Christensen, D. L., "Dtn 33,11 – A Curse in the 'Blessing of Moses'?", ZAW 101 (1989) 278-282.

Freedman, D. N., "'Who Is Like Thee among the Gods?': The Religion of Early Israel", in P. D. Miller – P. D. Hanson – S. Dean McBride (eds.), Ancient Israelite Religion. Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987) 315-335. [on Deut 33, esp. 318-323] Reprinted [same title] in J. R. Huddlestun (ed.), Divine Commitment and Human Obligation. Selected Writings of David Noel Freedman. Volume One: History and Religion (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997) 383-402.

Fuller, R., "The Blessing of Levi in Dtn 33, Mal 2, and Qumran", in R. Bartelmus – T. Krüger – H. Utzschneider (eds.), Konsequente Traditionsgeschichte. Festschrift für Klaus Baltzer zum 65. Geburtstag (OBO 126; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1993) 31-44.

Heck, J. D., "The Missing Sanctuary of Deut 33:12", JBL 103 (1984) 523-529.

Heck, J. D., "A History of Interpretation of Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33", BSac 147 (1990) 16-31.

Kelly, B., "Quantitative Analysis of the Tribal Sayings in Deuteronomy 33 and its Significance for the Poem's Overall Structure", in S. Malena – D. Miano (eds.), Milk and Honey. Essays on Ancient Israel and the Bible in Appreciation of the Judaic Studies Program at the University of California, San Diego (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007) 53-63.

Knohl, I., "Sacred Architecture: The Numerical Dimensions of Biblical Poems", VT 62 (2012) 189-197.

Macuch, R. , "Hermeneutical Divergencies Between the Samaritan and Jewish Versions of the Blessings on the Patriarchs (Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33)", in A. D. Crown – L. Davey (eds.), Essays in Honour of G. D. Sixdenier: New Samaritan Studies of the Société d'études samaritaines, III & IV. Proceedings of the Congresses of Oxford 1990, Yarnton Manor and Paris 1992, Collège de France: with lectures given at Hong Kong 1993 as participation in the ICANAS Congress (Studies in Judaica, 5; Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing, The University of Sydney, 1995) 365-379.

Mathys, H.-P., Dichter und Beter. Theologen aus spätalttestamentlicher Zeit (OBO 132; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1994), esp. 170-174.

Nobile, M., "Le 'benedizioni' a Giuda e a Giuseppe in Gen 49,8-12.22-26 e in Dt 33,7.13-17, nel quadro della redazione Gen–2 Re", Anton 64 (1989) 501-517.

Pfeiffer, H., Jahwes Kommen von Süden. Jdc 5, Hab 3, Dtn 33 und Ps 68 in ihrem literatur- und theologiegeschichtlichen Umfeld (FRLANT 211; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2005).

Rendsburg, G. A., "Israelian Hebrew Features in Deuteronomy 33", in N. S. Fox – D. A. Glatt-Gilad – M. J. Williams (eds.), Mishneh Todah: Studies in Deuteronomy and Its Cultural Environment in Honor of Jeffrey H. Tigay (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2009) 167-183.

Rummel, S. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, III (AnOr 51; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1981): see the Index of Texts for various references to Deut 33. In particular see on 33,2-3 (IV.34.r: p. 439); on 33,6 (I.107: p. 65); on 33,12 (I.304: pp. 159-160; IV 39.h.z: pp. 451-458); on 33,22 (IV 35.h: pp. 441-444); on 33,26 (IV 40: p. 458-460).

Schorn, U., Ruben und das System der zwölf Stämme Israels. Redaktionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung des Erstgeborenen Jakobs (BZAW 248; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1997).

Smith, M. S., "God in Israel's Bible: Divinity Between the World and Israel, Between the Old and the New", CBQ 74 (2012) 1-27.

Sparks, K. L., Ethnicity and Identity in Ancient Israel. Prolegomena to the Study of Ethnic Sentiments and their Expression in the Hebrew Bible (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1998), esp. 267-272 (Excursus 1: "The Tribal List in the Blessing of Moses").

Steymans, H. U., "The Blessings in Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33: Awareness of Intertextuality", in J. H. le Roux – E. Otto (eds.), South African Perspectives on the Pentateuch Between Synchrony and Diachrony (LHB/OTS 463; London: T & T Clark, 2007) 71-89.

Tournay, R. J. , "Le psaume et les bénédictions de Moïse (Deutéronome XXXIII)", RB 103 (1996) 196-212. [for an earlier version of this paper see above s.v. Tournay 1958]

Woude, A. S. van der, "Erwägungen zum Rahmenspsalm von Deuteronomium 33", in F. García Martínez – A. Hilhorst – J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten – A. S. van der Woude (eds.), Studies in Deuteronomy. In Honour of C. J. Labuschagne on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday (VTSup 53; Leiden: Brill, 1994) 281-288.

III.    Online resources

Pfeiffer, H., "Mosesegen", in WiBiLex [article dated Jan. 2007]. See the Useful Links page for information about the WiBiLex.