Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

The Blessings of Jacob (Gen 49,1-28)

[see also:  Deut 33;  Judg 5; and Pre-monarchichal Israel]

The bibliography is divided into three sections as follows:

I.    Major bibliographical resource with titles up to ca. 1980

Westermann, C., Genesis. 3. Teilband: Genesis 37-50 (BKAT I/3; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1982) 243-278 ("Der Jakob-Segen: Gn 49,1-28a) [extensive bibliography on 243-246]. English version: Genesis: A Commentary. Vol. 3: Genesis 37-50 (Continental Commentaries; Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House; London: SPCK, 1986).

II.    Titles up to 1980   [see Westermann above for further references]

Aberbach, M. – B. Grossfeld, Targum Onqelos on Gen 49: Translation and Analytical Commentary (SBL Aramaic Studies, 1; Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1976).

Albright, W. F., "From the Patriarchs to Moses, I: From Abraham to Joseph", BA 36 (1973) 5-33

Albright, W. F., "From the Patriarchs to Moses, II: Moses out of Egypt", BA 36 (1973) 48-76.

Caquot, A., "La parole sur Juda dans le testament lyrique de Jacob (Genèse 49,8-12)", Semitica 26 (1976) 5-32.

Caquot, A., "Ben porat (Genèse 49,22)", Semitica 30 (1980) 43-56.

Carmichael, C. M., "Some Sayings in Gen 49", JBL 88 (1969) 435-444.

Cazelles, H., "Shiloh, the Customary Law, and the Return of the Ancient Kings", in J. I. Durham – J. R. Porter (eds.), Proclamation and Presence. Old Testament Essays in Honour of Gwynne Henton Davies (London: SCM; Richmond: John Knox, 1970) 239-251.

Coppens, J., "La bénédiction de Jacob. Son cadre historique à la lumière des parallèles ougaritiques", in P. A. H. de Boer (ed.), Volume du Congrès, Strasbourg 1956 (VTSup 4; Leiden: Brill, 1957) 97-115.

Cornill, C. H., "Zum Segen Jakobs und zum jahwistischen Dekalog", in K. Marti (ed.), Studien zur semitischen Philologie und Religionsgeschichte: Julius Wellhausen zum siebzigsten Geburtstag am 17. Mai 1914 gewidmet von Freunden und Schülern (BZAW 27; Giessen: Töpelmann, 1914) 101-113.

Criado, R., "'Hasta que venga Silo' (Gén 49,10). Recientes explicaciones católicas", EstBib 24 (1965) 289-320.

Cross, F. M. – D. N. Freedman, Studies in Ancient Yahwistic Poetry (SBL Dissertation Series, 21; Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1975). A reprint of their 1950 dissertation, with a new Postscriptum (pp. 181-191) giving their current views on Early Hebrew orthography (largely as before) and poetry, with notes on some of their recent fields of study, and bibliography. Reprinted in 1997 [same title], (The Biblical Resource Series; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans / Livonia, MI: Dove Booksellers, 1997) [the same text as in 1975 with new short Prefaces by FMC and DNF]. On Gen 49: Chap. III: "The Blessing of Jacob, Genesis 49": pp. 46-63 in the 1997 reprint.

Dahood, M. J., "Is ’eben yiśrā’ēl a Divine Title?", Bib 40 (1959) 1002-1007.

Dahood, M. J., "MKRTYHM in Gen 49:5", CBQ 23 (1961) 54-56.

Emerton, J. A., "Some Difficult Words in Genesis 49", in P. R. Ackroyd – B. Lindars (eds.), Words and Meanings: Essays Presented to David Winton Thomas on His Retirement from the Regius Professorship of Hebrew in the University of Cambridge, 1968 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968) 81-93. Reprinted in J. A. Emerton, Studies on the Language and Literature of the Bible: Selected Works of J. A. Emerton, edited by G. I. Davies and R. Gordon (VTSup 165; Leiden: Brill, 2015) 169-180.

Fisher, L. R. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, I (AnOr 49; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1972): see the Index of Texts for various references to Gen 49. The following are among the more interesting items: on 49,4 (III.65: pp. 420-421); on 49,11 (II.243: p. 208; III.35: p. 405); on 49,13 (II.53: p. 118).

Fisher, L. R. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, II (AnOr 50; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1975): see the Index of Texts for various references to Gen 49.

Freedman, D. N., "Early Israelite History in the Light of Early Israelite Poetry", in H. Goedicke – J. J. M. Roberts (eds.), Unity and Diversity: Essays in the History. Literature and Religion of the Ancient Near East (Johns Hopkins University. Near Eastern Studies; Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1975) 3-35. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 131-166.

Freedman, D. N., "Divine Names and Titles in Early Hebrew Poetry", in F. M. Cross – W. E. Lemke – P. D. Miller (eds.), Magnalia Dei: The Mighty Acts of God. Essays on the Bible and Archaeology in Memory of G. Ernest Wright (New York: Doubleday, 1976) 55-107. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 77-129. [on Gen 49, esp. 85-88]

Freedman, D. N., "Early Israelite Poetry and Historical Reconstructions", in F. M. Cross (ed.), Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American School of Oriental Research (Zion Research Foundation Occasional Publications, 1-2; Cambridge, MA: ASOR, 1979) 85-96. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry and Prophecy. Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980) 167-178.

Gevirtz, S., "The Reprimand of Reuben", JNES 30 (1971) 87-98.

Gevirtz, S., "Of Patriarchs and Puns: Joseph at the Fountain, Jacob at the Ford", HUCA 46 (1975) 33-54.

Gevirtz, S., "The Issachar Oracle in the Testament of Jacob", in B. Mazar (ed.), Nelson Glueck Memorial Volume (Eretz-Israel 12; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society in cooperation with the Hebrew Union College / Jewish Institute of Religion, 1975) 104*-112*.

Good, E. M., "The 'Blessing' on Judah, Gen 49,8-12", JBL 82 (1963) 427-432.

Gordon, R. P., "Targum Onkelos to Gen 49:4 and a Common Semitic Idiom", JQR 66.4 (Apr. 1976) 224-226.

Gunneweg, A. H. J., "Über den Sitz im Leben der sog. Stammessprüche (Gen 49, Dtn 33, Jdc 5)", ZAW 76 (1964) 245-255.

Levene, A., "The Blessings of Jacob in Syriac and Rabbinic Exegesis", in F. L. Cross (ed.), Papers Presented to the Fourth International Conference on Patristic Studies held at Christ Church, Oxford, 1963. Part 1: Editiones, Critica, Philologica, Biblica (Studia patristica, 7; Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur, 92; Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1966) 524-530.

Lindblom, J., "The Political Background of the Shiloh Oracle", in G. W. Anderson – A. Bentzen – P. A. H de Boer – M. Burrows – H. Cazelles – M. Noth (eds.), Congress Volume Copenhagen 1953 (VTSup 1; Leiden: Brill, 1953) 78-87.

Maier, J., "Bemerkungen zur Fachsprache und Religionspolitik im Königreich Juda, 1: Gen 49,5-7", Judaica 26 (1970) 89-105.

Margulis, B., "Gen XLIX 10 / Deut XXXIII 2-3: A New Look at Old Problems", VT 19 (1969) 202-210.

Monsengwo-Pasinya, L., "Deux textes messianiques de la Septante: Gn 49,10 et Ez 21,32", Bib 61 (1980) 357-376.

Moran, W. L., "Gen 49,10 and its Use in Ez 21,32", Bib 39 (1958) 405-425.

Rendsburg, G., "Janus Parallelism in Gen 49:26", JBL 99 (1980) 291-293.

Treves, M., "Shilo (Gen 49,10)", JBL 85 (1966) 353-356.

Vawter, B., "The Canaanite Background of Genesis 49", CBQ 17 (1955) 1-17.

Zobel, H.-J., Stammesspruch und Geschichte: die Angaben der Stammessprüche von Gen 49, Dtn 33 und Jdc 5 über die politischen und kultischen Zustände im damaligen "Israel" (BZAW 95; Berlin: Töpelmann, 1965).

III.    Titles from 1981 onwards

Albanese, M. J., "What the Holy Seed Defiled: The Textual Problem of Genesis 49:4", VT 69 (2019) 1-18.

Baden, J. S., "The Violent Origins of the Levites: Text and Traditions", in M. Leuchter – J. M. Hutton (eds.), Levites and Priests in Biblical History and Tradition (SBLAIL 9; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2011) 103-116.

Bartusch, M. W., Understanding Dan. An Exegetical Study of a Biblical City, Tribe and Ancestor (JSOTSup 379; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003), esp. 32-41 (on Gen 49).

Caquot, A., "'Siméon et Lévi sont frères' (Genèse 49,5)", in M. Carrez – J. Doré – P. Grelot (eds.), De la Tôrah au Messie. Études d'exégèse et d'herméneutique bibliques offertes à Henri Cazelles pour ses 25 années d'enseignement à l'Institut Catholique de Paris (Octobre 1979) (Paris: Desclée, 1981) 113-120.

Cohen, M., "Mekerotehem (Genèse xlix 5)", VT 31 (1981) 472-482.

Collins, J.J., "Messianism and Exegetical Tradition: The Evidence of the LXX Pentateuch", in J. J. Collins, Jewish Cult and Hellenistic Culture: Essays on the Jewish Encounter with Hellenism and Roman Rule (JSJSup 100; Leiden: Brill, 2005) 58-81. Also published [same title] in M. A. Knibb (ed.), The Septuagint and Messianism (BETL 195; Leuven: Leuven University Press & Peeters, 2006) 129-149.

Donner, H., "The Blessing of Issachar (Gen. 49:14-15) as a Source for the Early History of Israel", in J. A. Soggin, et al., Le origini di Israele: Convegno sul tema, Roma 10-11 febbraio 1986 (Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 1987) 53-63.

Florentin, M., "'On the Head Joseph, and on the Leader, the Consecrated among His Brothers' (Genesis 49:26; Deuteronomy 33:16): A Study of the Grammar, Interpretation, and Version of Two Words with Geminated Consonants in the Samaritan Pentateuch", in J. Dušek (ed.), The Samaritans in Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Perspectives (Studia Samaritana, 11 – Studia Judaica, 110; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018) 301-313.

Gevirtz, S., "Adumbrations of Dan in Jacob's Blessing on Judah", ZAW 93 (1981) 21-37.

Gevirtz, S., "Simeon and Levi in 'The Blessing of Jacob' (Gen. 49:5-7)", HUCA 52 (1981) 93-128.

Gevirtz, S., "Naphtali in the 'Blessing of Jacob'", JBL 103 (1984) 513-521.

Gevirtz, S., "Asher in the Blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49:20)", VT 37 (1987) 154-163.

Heck, J. D., "Issachar: Slave or Freeman?", JETS 29 (1986) 385-396.

Heck, J. D., "A History of Interpretation of Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33", BSac 147 (1990) 16-31.

Hoop, R. de, Genesis 49 in its Literary and Historical Context (OTS 39; Leiden: Brill, 1998).

Hoop, R. de, "Genesis 49 and the Early History of Israel. A Reply to Johannes C. de Moor", UF 32 (2000) 675-706.

Kissling, P. J., "The Testament of Jacob and the Blessing of Moses: A Narrative Approach", in R. L. Cole – P. J. Kissling (eds.), Text and Canon: Essays in Honor of John H. Sailhamer (Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2017) 1-15.

Knittel, A.-K., Das erinnerte Heiligtum: Tradition und Geschichte der Kultstätte in Schilo (FRLANT 273; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2019), esp. 179-187 (on Gen 49,10).

Lo Sardo, D., "Declinazioni testuali antiche (LXX, α′, σ′, θ′, Vg ...) a fondamento di un nuovo progetto culturale ed ermeneutico. Gen 49,10 e il Re Messia veniente da Giuda (a Shilòh?)", RivB 68 (2020) 5-32.

Macchi, J.-D., Israël et ses tribus selon Genèse 49 (OBO 171; Fribourg: Editions Universitaires; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1999).

Macuch, R., "Hermeneutical Divergencies Between the Samaritan and Jewish Versions of the Blessings on the Patriarchs (Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33)", in A. D. Crown – L. Davey (eds.), Essays in Honour of G. D. Sixdenier: New Samaritan Studies of the Société d'études samaritaines, III & IV. Proceedings of the Congresses of Oxford 1990, Yarnton Manor and Paris 1992, Collège de France: with lectures given at Hong Kong 1993 as participation in the ICANAS Congress (Studies in Judaica, 5; Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing, The University of Sydney, 1995) 365-379.

Margalith, O., "Mekērōtēhem (Gen xlix 5)", VT 34 (1984) 101-102.

Martin-Achard, R., "À propos de la bénédiction de Juda en Gn 49,8-12(10)", in M. Carrez – J. Doré – P. Grelot (eds.), De la Tôrah au Messie. Études d'exégèse et d'herméneutique bibliques offertes à Henri Cazelles pour ses 25 années d'enseignement à l'Institut Catholique de Paris (Octobre 1979) (Paris: Desclée, 1981) 121-134.

Moor, J. C. de, "Genesis 49 and the Early History of Israel", in J. C. de Moor – H. F. van Rooy (eds.), Past, Present, Future: The Deuteronomistic History and the Prophets (OTS 44; Leiden: Brill, 2000) 176-198.

Nobile, M., "Le 'benedizioni' a Giuda e a Giuseppe in Gen 49,8-12.22-26 e in Dt 33,7.13-17, nel quadro della redazione Gen–2 Re", Anton 64 (1989) 501-517.

Pérez Gondar, D., "La bendición de Judá en el Testamento de Jacob : Gn 49,8–12, su interpretación en el contexto intertestamentario y su recepción neotestamentaria", EstBib 75 (2017) 355-383.

Rand, H., "The Testament of Jacob: An Analysis of Gen 49:18", Dor le Dor 18 (1989-90) 101-106.

Rendsburg, G. A., "Double Polysemy in Gen 49:6 and Job 3:6", CBQ 44 (1982) 48-51.

Rendsburg, G. A., "Israelian Hebrew Features in Genesis 49", Maarav 8 (1992) 161-170.

Rendsburg, G. A., "Genesis 49:4 – The Route of Facile Textual Emendation vs. Appreciation for Literary Brilliance", VT 71 (2021) 673-686.

Rösel, M., "Die Interpretation von Genesis 49 in der Septuaginta", BN 79 (1995) 54-70.

Rummel, S. (ed.), Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible, III (AnOr 51; Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1981): see the Index of Texts for various references to Gen 49. In particular see on Gen 49,24 (IV.1: pp. 336-337).

Sanmartín, J., "Problemas de textología en las «Bendiciones» de Moisés (Dt 33) y de Jacob (Gn 49)", in V. Collado – E. Zurro (eds.), El Misterio de la Palabra. Homenaje de sus alumnos al profesor D. Luis Alonso Schökel al cumplir veinticinco años de magisterio en el Instituto Bíblico Pontificio (Institución San Jeronimo para la investigación bíblica; Madrid: Ediciones Cristiandad, 1983) 75-96.

Seebass, H., "Die Stämmesprüche Gen 49,3-27", ZAW 96 (1984) 333-350.

Seybold, K., "Der Judaspruch Gen. 49,8-12", in K. Seybold, Die Sprache der Propheten. Studien zur Literaturgeschichte der Prophetie (Zürich: Pano Verlag, 1999) 18-34. [based on unpublished material from his diss. Kiel WS 1967/68, 17-40]

Sollamo, R., "Messianism and the 'Branch of David': Isaiah 11,1-5 and Gen 49,8-12", in M. A. Knibb (ed.), The Septuagint and Messianism (BETL 195; Leuven: Leuven University Press & Peeters, 2006) 357-370.

Sparks, K., "Genesis 49 and the Tribal List Tradition in Ancient Israel", ZAW 115 (2003) 327-347.

Steiner, R. C., "Poetic Forms in the Masoretic Vocalization and Three Difficult Phrases in Jacob's Blessing: יֶתֶר שְׂאֵת (Gen 49:3), יְצוּעִי עָלָה (Gen 49:4), יָבֹא שִׁילֹה (Gen 49:10)", JBL 129 (2010) 209-235.

Steymans, H. U., "The Blessings in Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33: Awareness of Intertextuality", in J. H. Le Roux – E. Otto (eds.), South African Perspectives on the Pentateuch between Synchrony and Diachrony (LHB/OTS 463; London: T & T Clark, 2007) 71-89.

Tov, E., "Gen 49 in the Septuaginta – Trial and Error", in H. Ausloos – B. Lemmelijn (eds.), A Pillar of Cloud To Guide: Text-Critical, Redactional, and Linguistic Perspectives on the Old Testament in Honour of Marc Vervenne (BETL 269; Leuven: Peeters, 2014) 455-470. Revised version [same title] in E. Tov, Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, Septuagint. Collected Essays, Volume 3 (VTSup 167; Leiden: Brill, 2015) 490-503.

Twersky, G., "Genesis 49: The Foundation of Israelite Monarchy and Priesthood", JSOT 43.3 (Mar. 2019) 317-333.

Wang, D., Le double portrait de Juda: Genèse 38 et 49, et la question de l'identité d'Israël a l'époque perse (EtBib n. s. 93; Leuven: Peeters, 2022).

Wellmann, B., "Ausblick: Welche Wirkung hat ein Leben? Die Generationen nach Jakob (Gen 48-49)", in B. Wellmann (ed.), Die Jakobserzählung. Rivalen und Gesegnete (Bibelauslegungen mit Praxisvorschlägen; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2009) 130-137.

Young, D. W., "A Ghost Word in the Testament of Jacob (Gen 49:5)?", JBL 100 (1981) 335-342.