Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



The Hellenistic Period in Israel: Historical Studies



[see also:  Histories of ancient Israel; The Persian period; Samaria and the Samaritans]


The bibliography is divided into six main sections as follows:

I.    The Hellenistic kingdoms of the Ptolemies and the Seleucids: general historical studies

Adams, W. L., "The Hellenistic Kingdoms", in G. R. Bugh (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World (Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 28-51.

Aperghis, G. G., The Seleukid Royal Economy: The Finances and Financial Administration of the Seleukid Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Bar-Kochva, B., The Seleucid Army: Organization and Tactics in the Great Campaigns (Cambridge Classical Studies; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976). [reprinted with corrections 1979]

Bickerman, E. J., Institutions des Seleucides (Haut-Commissariat de la République Française en Syrie et au Liban. Service des antiquités. Bibliothèque archéologique et historique, 26; Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1938).

Bilde, P. – T. Engbert-Pedersen – L. Hannestad – J. Zahle (eds.), Religion and Religious Practice in the Seleucid Kingdom (Studies in Hellenistic Civilization, 1; Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1990).

Briant, P., "The Seleucid Kingdom, the Achaemenid Empire and the History of the Near East in the First Millennium B.C.", in P. Bilde – T. Engbert-Pedersen – L. Hannestad – J. Zahle (eds.), Religion and Religious Practice in the Seleucid Kingdom (Studies in Hellenistic Civilization, 1; Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1990) 40-65.

Bugh, G. R. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World (Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Capdetrey, L., Le pouvoir séleucide: territoire, administration, finances d'un royaume hellénistique (312-129 avant J.-C.) (Collection "Histoire"; Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2007).

Erickson, K. (ed.), The Seleukid Empire, 281-222 BC: War Within the Family (Swansea: The Classical Press of Wales, 2018).

Errington, R. M., A History of the Hellenistic World: 323 – 30 BC (Blackwell History of the Ancient World; Chichester, West Sussex – Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).

Erskine, A. (ed.), A Companion to the Hellenistic World. Revised ed. (Blackwell Companions to Ancient History; Oxford: Blackwell, 2005). [first edition 2003].

Gehrke, H.-J., Geschichte des Hellenismus. 4., durchges. Aufl. (Oldenbourg Grundriss der Geschichte, 1b; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2008).

Green, P., Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1990).

Green, P., The Hellenistic Age (Modern Library Chronicles; New York: Modern Library, 2007).

Hauben, H. – A. Meeus (eds.), The Age of the Successors and the Creation of the Hellenistic Kingdoms (323-276 B.C.) (Studia Hellenistica, 53; Leuven: Peeters, 2014).

Heinen, H., "Chap. 11: The Syrian-Egyptian Wars and the New Kingdoms of Asia Minor", in F. W. Walbank – A. E. Astin – M. W. Frederiksen – R. M. Ogilvie (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 7, Part 1: The Hellenistic World. Second edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984) 412-445.

Hölbl, G., Geschichte des Ptolemäerreiches. Politik, Ideologie und religiöse Kultur von Alexander dem Großen bis zur römischen Eroberung (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1994).

Huß, W., Ägypten in hellenistischer Zeit, 332–30 v. Chr. (München: Beck, 2001).

Kuhrt, A. – S. Sherwin-White (eds.), Hellenism in the East. The Interaction of Greek and Non-Greek Civilizations from Syria to Central Asia after Alexander (London: Duckworth, 1987). U.S.A. edition [same title] (Hellenistic Culture and Society, 2; Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1987).

Lozano Velilla, A., El mundo helenístico (Historia universal. Antigua, 9; Madrid: Síntesis, 1992).

Mari, M. (ed.), L'età ellenistica. Società, politica, cultura (Studi superiori, 1162; Roma: Carocci, 2019).

Muccioli, F., Storia dell'ellenismo (Le vie della civiltà; Bologna: Il Mulino, 2019).

Musti, D., "Chap. 6: Syria and the East", in F. W. Walbank – A. E. Astin – M. W. Frederiksen – R. M. Ogilvie (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 7, Part 1: The Hellenistic World. Second edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984) 175-220.

Oetjen, R. (ed.), New Perspectives in Seleucid History, Archaeology and Numismatics. Studies in Honor of Getzel M. Cohen (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 355; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020).

Préaux, C., L'économie royale des Lagides (Bruxelles: Fondation égyptologique Reine Élisabeth, 1939).

Préaux, C., Le monde hellénistique: la Grèce et l'Orient de la mort d'Alexandre à la conquête romaine de la Grèce, 323-146 avant J.-C. 2 vol. (Nouvelle Clio, 6–6bis; Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1978). [After the author's death in 1979 the work was reprinted several times (at least up to the "6e édition" 2002-2003); the text remained unchanged but the bibliography was carefully updated.] Spanish: El mundo helenístico: Grecia y Oriente, desde la muerte de Alejandro hasta la conquista de Grecia por Roma (323-146 a. C.). 2 vol. (Barcelona: Labor, 1984).

Primo, A., La storiografia sui Seleucidi: da Megastene a Eusebio di Cesarea (Studi ellenistici, 10; Pisa: Serra, 2009).

Schmitt, H. H. – E. Vogt (eds.), Lexikon des Hellenismus (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2005).

Schmitt, H. H. – J. Nollé – K. Brodersen, "Ptolemaier, Ptolemaier(reich)", in H. H. Schmitt – E. Vogt (eds.), Lexikon des Hellenismus (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2005) 872-899.

Schmitt, H. H. – J. Nollé, "Seleukiden(reich)", in H. H. Schmitt – E. Vogt (eds.), Lexikon des Hellenismus (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2005) 956-984.

Sherwin-White, S. – A. Kuhrt, From Samarkhand to Sardis: A New Approach to the Seleucid Empire (Hellenistic Culture and Society, 13; London: Duckworth; Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993).

Shipley, G., The Greek World after Alexander, 323-30 B.C. (Routledge History of the Ancient World; London: Routledge, 2000). Spanish: El mundo griego después de Alejandro 323-30 a. C. (Historia de las civilizaciones clásicas; Barcelona: Crítica, 2001).

Turner, E. G., "Chap. 5: Ptolemaic Egypt", in F. W. Walbank – A. E. Astin – M. W. Frederiksen – R. M. Ogilvie (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 7, Part 1: The Hellenistic World. Second edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984) 118-174.

Walbank, F. W. – A. E. Astin – M. W. Frederiksen – R. M. Ogilvie (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 7, Part 1: The Hellenistic World. Second edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).

Walbank, F. W., The Hellenistic World. Revised Edition (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993). [first ed. 1981]. UK edition [same title]: Third impression with further amendments (Fontana History of the Ancient World; London: Fontana, 1992). Later UK edition with new title: The Hellenistic Age: The Greek World, 336-146 B.C.. Introduced by Simon Hornblower (Folio History of Ancient Greece; London: Folio Society, 2002) [the text of this edition follows that of the revised UK edition published in 1992, with minor amendments]. Spanish version of the first edition: El mundo helenístico (Madrid: Taurus, 1985).

Will, E., Histoire politique du monde hellénistique (323-30 av. J.-C.). Tome 1: De la mort d'Alexandre aux avènements d'Antiochos III et de Philippe V. Tome 2: Des avènements d'Antiochos III et de Philippe V à la fin des Lagides. Deuxième édition revue, corrigée et augmentée. 2 vol. (Annales de l'Est. Mémoire, 30 / 32; Nancy: Presses universitaires de Nancy, 1979 / 1982). [first ed.: 1966 / 1967] One-volume paperback: Histoire politique du monde hellénistique (323–30 av. J.-C.). Préface inédite de Pierre Cabanes. Nouvelle édition (Points 327, Histoire; Paris: Éd. du Seuil, 2003) [posthumous].

II.    Jews in the Hellenistic period in general (under the Ptolemies and the Seleucids)

1.   Preliminary question: Alexander the Great in Palestine and Jerusalem?

Amitay, O., "Alexander and Caligula in the Jerusalem Temple: A Case of Conflated Traditions", in K. Nawotka – R. Rollinger – J. Wiesehöfer – A. Wojciechowska (eds.), The Historiography of Alexander the Great (Classica et Orientalia, 20; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2018) 177-187.

Cohen, S. J. D., "Alexander the Great and Jaddus the High Priest according to Josephus", Association for Jewish Studies Review 7-8 (1982-1983) 41-68. Reprinted in his The Significance of Yavneh and Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism (TSAJ 136; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010) 162-186.

Ego, B., "Alexander der Große in der alttestamentlichen Überlieferung: eine Spurensuche und ihre theologischen Implikationen", in C. M. Maier (ed.), Congress Volume Munich 2013 (VTSup 163; Leiden: Brill, 2014) 18-39.

Golan, D., "Der Besuch Alexanders in Jerusalem", BTZ 8 (1991) 19-30.

Kasher, A., "Further Revised Thoughts on Josephus' Report of Alexander's Campaign to Palestine (Ant. XI 304-347)", in L. L. Grabbe – O. Lipschits (eds.), Judah Between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (ca. 400-200 BCE). A Conference Held at Tel Aviv University, 17-19 April 2007 Sponsored by the ASG (the Academic Study Group for Israel and the Middle East) and Tel Aviv University (LSTS 75; London: T & T Clark International, 2011) 131-157.

Nawotka, K.,"I Maccabees and the Alexander Romance", in K. Nawotka – R. Rollinger – J. Wiesehöfer – A. Wojciechowska (eds.), The Historiography of Alexander the Great (Classica et Orientalia, 20; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2018) 157-175.

2.   Books on the Hellenistic period of Jewish history: monographs and multi-author volumes

Abel, F.-M., Histoire de la Palestine depuis la conquête d'Alexandre jusqu'à l'invasion arabe. Tome I: De la conquête d'Alexandre jusqu'à la guerre juive (Études Bibliques 39/1; Paris: Gabalda, 1952).

Adams, S. L., Social and Economic Life in Second Temple Judea (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2014).

Alkier, S. – M. Witte (eds.), Die Griechen und das antike Israel. Interdisziplinäre Studien zur Religions- und Kulturgeschichte des Heiligen Landes (OBO 201; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004). [see Witte 2003 below]

Bakhos, C. (ed.), Ancient Judaism in its Hellenistic Context (JSJSup 95; Leiden: Brill, 2005).

Barc, B., Les arpenteurs du temps: Essai sur l'histoire religieuse de la Judée à la période hellénistique (Histoire du texte biblique, 5; Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 2000).

Barclay, J. M. G., Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora: from Alexander to Trajan (323 BCE – 117 CE) (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996).

Baslez, M.-F., Bible et histoire: Judaïsme, hellénisme, christianisme (Paris: Fayard, 1999); = Bibbia e storia. Giudaismo, ellenismo, cristianesimo (Introduzione allo studio della Bibbia. Supplementi, 8; Brescia: Paideia, 2002).

Berquist, J. L. – A. Hunt (eds.), Focusing Biblical Studies: The Crucial Nature of the Persian and Hellenistic Periods: Essays in Honor of Douglas A. Knight (LHB/OTS 544; London: T & T Clark, 2012).

Bickerman, E. J., From Ezra to the Last of the Maccabees: Foundations of Post-Biblical Judaism (New York: Schocken Books, 1968).

Bickerman, E. J., The Jews in the Greek Age (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988) [posthumous].

Boccaccini, G., Middle Judaism: Jewish Thought, 300 B.C.E. to 200 C.E. (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1991). Revised Italian edition: Il Medio Giudaismo: Per una Storia del pensiero giudaico tra il terzo secolo a.e.v. e il secondo secolo e.v. (Radici 14; Genova: Marietti, 1993).

Boccaccini, G., Roots of Rabbinic Judaism: An Intellectual History from Ezekiel to Daniel (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2002); = Wurzeln des rabbinischen Judentums: eine Geistesgeschichte von Ezechiel bis Daniel (Arbeiten zur neutestamentlichen Theologie und Zeitgeschichte, 11 / Arbeiten zur Bibel und ihrer Umwelt, 3; Berlin: Institut Kirche und Judentum, 2014).

Boffo, L., Iscrizioni greche e latine per lo studio della Bibbia (Biblioteca di storia e storiografia dei tempi biblici, 9; Brescia: Paideia, 1994).

Cohen, S. J. D., The Beginnings of Jewishness: Boundaries, Varieties, Uncertainties (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999).

Collins, J. J., Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora. Second ed. (The Biblical Resource Series; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000). [first ed. New York: Crossroad, 1983]

Collins, J. J. – D. C. Harlow (eds.), The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010).

Dan, A. – É. Nodet, Cœlé-Syrie: Palestine, Judée, Pérée (CahRB 86; Leuven: Peeters, 2017).

Davies, P. R. – J. M. Halligan (eds.), Second Temple Studies, III: Studies in Politics, Class and Material Culture (JSOTSup 340; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002).

Davies, W. D. – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Feldman, L. H. – M. Reinhold (eds.), Jewish Life and Thought among Greeks and Romans: Primary Readings (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press; Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1996).

Feldman, L. H., Studies in Hellenistic Judaism (AGJU 30; Leiden: Brill, 1997).

Grabbe, L. L., Judaism from Cyrus to Hadrian (Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1992 / London: SCM, 1994).

Grabbe, L. L. (ed.), Did Moses Speak Attic? Jewish Historiography and Scripture in the Hellenistic Period (JSOTSup 317 / European Seminar in Historical Methodology, 3; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001).

Grabbe, L. L., An Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel, and Jesus (London & New York: T&T Clark, 2010).

Gruen, E. S., Constructs of Identity in Hellenistic Judaism: Essays on Early Jewish Literature and History (DCLS 29; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016).

Haag, E., Das hellenistische Zeitalter. Israel und die Bibel im 4. bis 1. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Biblische Enzyklopädie, 9; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2003).

Hayes, J. H. – S. R. Mandell, The Jewish People in Classical Antiquity: from Alexander to Bar Kochba (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1998).

Honigman, S. – C. Nihan – O. Lipschits (eds.), Times of Transition: Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period (Mosaics: Studies on Ancient Israel, 1; University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns – Penn State University Press and The Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, 2021).

Kuhnen, H.-P., Palästina in Griechisch-Römischer Zeit (Handbuch der Archäologie. Vorderasien II. Band 2; München: Beck, 1990).

Leibner, U., Settlement and History in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Galilee: Archaeological Survey of the Eastern Galilee (Studies and Texts in Antiquity and Christianity, 127; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009).

Levine, L. I., Jerusalem: Portrait of the City in the Second Temple Period (538 B.C.E.–70 C.E.) (Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society, 2002).

Maier, J., Zwischen den Testamenten: Geschichte und Religion in der Zeit des Zweiten Tempels (Die neue Echter Bibel, Ergänzungsband zum AT, 3; Würzburg: Echter, 1990). Italian version: Il Giudaismo del Secondo Tempio: storia e religione. Edizione italiana a cura di Bruno Chiesa (Biblioteca di cultura religiosa, 59; Brescia: Paideia, 1991).

Meyers, E. M. – M. A. Chancey, Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume 3 (AYBRL; New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012).

Mimouni, S. C., Le Judaïsme ancien du VIe siècle avant notre ère au IIIe siècle de notre ère: des prêtres aux rabbins (Nouvelle Clio; Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2012).

Oppenheimer, A. (ed.), Jüdische Geschichte in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit. Wege der Forschung: Vom alten zum neuen Schürer. Unter Mitarbeit von E. Müller-Luckner (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs: Kolloquien, 44; München: Oldenbourg, 1999).

Prato, G. L. (ed.), Israele alla ricerca di identità tra il III sec. a.C. e il I sec. d.C. Atti del V Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari: Bressanone, 7-9 settembre 1987 (Ricerche storico-bibliche 1/1; Bologna: EDB, 1989).

Ro, J. Unsok, Poverty, Law, and Divine Justice in Persian and Hellenistic Judah (SBLAIL 32; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2018).

Sacchi, P., Storia del Secondo Tempio. Israele tra VI secolo a.C. e I secolo d.C. (Torino: Società Editrice Internazionale, 1994); = The History of the Second Temple Period (JSOTSup 285; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000); = Historia del Judaísmo en la época del Segundo Templo (Madrid: Trotta, 2004). Second Italian edition: Storia del Secondo Tempio: Israele tra VI secolo a. C. e I secolo d. C. Nuova edizione a cura di Luca Mazzinghi. Presentazione di Romano Penna (Strumenti 79; Torino: Claudiana, 2019).

Salvesen, A. G. – S. Pearce – M. Frenkel (eds.), Israel in Egypt: The Land of Egypt as Concept and Reality for Jews in Antiquity and the Early Medieval Period (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 110; Leiden: Brill, 2020). 

Sasse, M., Geschichte Israels in der Zeit des Zweiten Tempels. Historische Ereignisse – Archäologie – Sozialgeschichte – Religions- und Geistesgeschichte (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2004).

Saulnier, C. – C. Perrot, Historie d'Israël, III: De la conquête d'Alexandre à la destruction du temple (331 a.C. – 135 a.D.) (Paris: Cerf, 1985); = Storia d'Israele, III: Dalla conquista di Alessandro alla destruzione del tempio (331 a.C. – 135 d.C.) (Roma: Borla, 1988).

Schäfer, P., Geschichte der Juden in der Antike. Die Juden Palästinas von Alexander dem Großen bis zur arabischen Eroberung. 2., durchgesehene Auflage (UTB S 3366; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010). The first edition was published in 1983: Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk / Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag. English version of the first edition (with some revisions by the author): The History of the Jews in the Greco-Roman World. Revised edition with corrections (London: Routledge, 2003).

Stone, M. E., Scriptures, Sects and Visions: A Profile of Judaism from Ezra to the Jewish Revolts (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1980 / Oxford: Blackwell, 1982).

Tcherikover, V., Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America; Jerusalem: Magnes Press of The Hebrew University, 1959). [from the original Hebrew of 1931, a second revised and enlarged edition of which appeared in 1963]. The English version was reprinted several times: (Temple Book; New York: Atheneum, 1970 and again 1977). With a preface by John J. Collins (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999) and again (Grand Rapids, Michigan : Baker Academic 2011).

Witte, M. – S. Alkier (eds.), Die Griechen und der Vordere Orient. Beiträge zum Kultur-und Religionskontakt zwischen Griechenland und dem Vorderen Orient im 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. (OBO 191; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003). [see Alkier 2004 above]

3.   Articles and chapters

Abadie, P., "Écrire l'histoire judéenne aux périodes perse et grecque: un défi identitaire", RechScRel 103 (2015) 69-86.

Ambar-Armon, E. – A. Kloner, "Archaeological Evidence of Links Between the Aegean World and the Land of Israel in the Persian Period", in Y. Levin (ed.), A Time of Change: Judah and Its Neighbours in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods (LSTS 65; London: T&T Clark, 2007) 1-22.

Arata Mantovani, P., "L'identità di Israele alla luce delle fonti epigrafiche tra il III sec. a. C. e il I sec. d. C.", in G. L. Prato (ed.), Israele alla ricerca di identità tra il III sec. a.C. e il I sec. d.C. Atti del V Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari: Bressanone, 7-9 settembre 1987 (Ricerche storico-bibliche 1/1; Bologna: EDB, 1989) 213-227.

Berlin, A. M., "Land/Homeland, Story/History: The Social Landscapes of the Southern Levant from Alexander to Augustus", in A. Yasur-Landau – E. H. Cline – Y. M. Rowan (eds.), The Social Archaeology of the Levant: From Prehistory to the Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019) 410-437.

Bianchi, F., "«Una stirpe santa» (Is 6,13b = Esd 9,2). L'identità di Israele in epoca achemenide ed ellenistica", RivB 55 (2007) 297-311.

Blenkinsopp, J., "The Development of Jewish Sectarianism from Nehemiah to the Hasidim", in O. Lipschits – G. N. Knoppers – R. Albertz (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century b.c.e. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007) 385-404. Reprinted under the title "Jewish Sectarianism from Ezra to the Hasidim", in J. Blenkinsopp, Essays on Judaism in the Pre-Hellenistic Period (BZAW 495; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017) 207-220.

Blum, E., "Volk oder Kultgemeinde? Zum Bild des nachexilischen Judentums in der alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft", Kirche und Israel 10 (1995) 24-42. Reprinted as "Vorverständnis und historische Hypothesen: Volk oder Kultgemeinde? Zum Bild des nachexilischen Judentums in der alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft", in E. Blum, Grundfragen der historischen Exegese: methodologische, philologische und hermeneutische Beiträge zum Alten Testament. Herausgegeben von W. Oswald und K. Weingart (FAT 95; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015) 195-214.

Collins, J. J., "Hellenistic Judaism in Recent Scholarship", in his Jewish Cult and Hellenistic Culture: Essays on the Jewish Encounter with Hellenism and Roman Rule (JSJSup 100; Leiden: Brill, 2005) 1-20.

Collins, J. J., "The Hellenistic and Roman Era", in R. G. Hoyland  – H. G. M. Williamson (eds.), The Oxford Illustrated History of the Holy Land (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018) 111-140.

Faust, A., "Settlement Dynamics and Demographic Fluctuations in Judah from the Late Iron Age to the Hellenistic Period and the Archaeology of Persian-Period Yehud", in Y. Levin (ed.), A Time of Change: Judah and Its Neighbours in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods (LSTS 65; London: T & T Clark, 2007) 23-51.

Goff, M. J., "The Hellenistic Period", in S. Niditch (ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Ancient Israel (Wiley Blackwell Companions to Religion; Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2016) 241-256.

Greenspoon, L. J., "Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period", in M. D. Coogan (ed.), The Oxford History of the Biblical World (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) 421-465 [= 317-351 in the 2001 paperback edition].

Halpern-Zylberstein, M.-C., "The Archeology of Hellenistic Palestine", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 1-34.

Hanhart, R., "Zur Vorgeschichte von Israels status confessionis in hellenistischer Zeit", in P. Schäfer (ed.), Geschichte - Tradition - Reflexion. Festschrift für Martin Hengel zum 70. Geburtstag. Band I: Judentum (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1996) 181-196. Reprinted in R. Hanhart, Studien zur Septuaginta und zum hellenistischen Judentum. Herausgegeben von R. G. Kratz (FAT 24; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999) 179-193.

Hegermann, H., "The Diaspora in the Hellenistic Age", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 115-166.

Kaiser, O., "Athen und Jerusalem. Die Begegnung des spätbiblischen Judentums mit dem griechischen Geist, ihre Voraussetzung und ihre Folgen", in: M. Witte – S. Alkier (eds.), Die Griechen und der Vordere Orient. Beiträge zum Kultur- und Religionskontakt zwischen Griechenland und dem Vorderen Orient im 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. (OBO 191; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003) 87-120.

Kessler, R., "Political Elites in Ancient Judah: Continuity and Change", in R. Kessler – W. Sommerfeld – L. Tramontini (eds.), State Formation and State Decline in the Near and Middle East (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2016) 135-143.

Kloner, A., "The Introduction of the Greek Language and Culture in the Third Century BCE, according to the Archaeological Evidence in Idumaea", in L. L. Grabbe – O. Lipschits (eds.), Judah Between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (Ca. 400-200 BCE). A Conference Held at Tel Aviv University, 17-19 April 2007 Sponsored by the ASG (the Academic Study Group for Israel and the Middle East) and Tel Aviv University (LSTS 75; London: T & T Clark International, 2011) 158-162.

Kuhnen, H.-P., "Israel unmittelbar vor and nach Alexander dem Großen. Geschichtlicher Wandel und archäologischer Befund", in S. Alkier – M. Witte (ed.), Die Griechen und das antike Israel. Interdisziplinäre Studien zur Religions- und Kulturgeschichte des Heiligen Landes (OBO 201; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004) 1-27.

Mendels, D., "Palestine among the Empires from the 4th to the 1st Century B.C.E.: Impact and Reaction", in W. G. Dever – S. Gitin (eds.), Symbiosis, Symbolism, and the Power of the Past. Canaan, Ancient Israel, and Their Neighbors from the Late Bronze Age Through Roman Palaestina. Proceedings of the Centennial Symposium W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and American Schools of Oriental Research, Jerusalem, May 29-31, 2000 (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003) 145-152.

Meyers, E. M., "Second Temple Studies in the Light of Recent Archaeology: Part I: The Persian and Hellenistic Periods", CR:BS 2 (1994) 25-42.

Oeming, M., "'To be destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated' (Esther 7:4): Historicity and Fictionality of Anti-Jewish Pogrom Stories before the Maccabean Crisis", in S. Honigman – C. Nihan – O. Lipschits (eds.), Times of Transition: Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period (Mosaics: Studies on Ancient Israel, 1; University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns – Penn State University Press and The Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, 2021) 357-373.

Sacchi, P., "Cap. 3: La storia del popolo ebraico dopo l'esilio", in R. Fabris (ed.), Introduzione generale alla Bibbia. Seconda edizione rinnovata (Logos, Corso di Studi Biblici, 1A: Leumann [Torino]: Editrice Elledici, 2006) 91-124.

Schäfer, P., "The Hellenistic and Maccabaean Periods", in J. H. Hayes – J. M. Miller (eds.), Israelite and Judaean History (London 1977) 539-604.

Schwartz, J., "[Jerusalem] From the Babylonian Exile through the Hasmonean Period", in S. A. Mourad – N. Koltun-Fromm – B. Der Matossian (eds.), Routledge Handbook on Jerusalem (Routledge Handbooks; Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon. & New York: Routledge, 2019) 25-33.

Seeman, C., "Jewish History from Alexander to Hadrian", in J. J. Collins – D. C. Harlow (eds.), Early Judaism: A Comprehensive Overview (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2012) 30-69.

Segalla, G., "Le figure mediatrici di Israele tra il III e il I secolo a.C. La storia di Israele tra guida sapienziale e attrazione escatologica", in G. L. Prato (ed.), Israele alla ricerca di identità tra il III sec. a.C. e il I sec. d.C. Atti del V Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari: Bressanone, 7-9 settembre 1987 (Ricerche storico-bibliche 1/1; Bologna: EDB, 1989) 13-65.

Stern, E., "Between Persia and Greece: Trade, Administration and Warfare in the Persian and Hellenistic Periods (539-63 BCE)", in T. E. Levy (ed.), The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land (London: Leicester University Press, 1995) 432-445.

Strange, J., "Hellenism in Archaeology", in K. Jeppesen – K. Nielsen – B. Rosendal (eds.), In the Last Days. On Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic and its Period (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1994) 175-180.

Wenning, R., "Griechischer Einfluss auf Palästina in vorhellenistischer Zeit", in S. Alkier – M. Witte (eds.), Die Griechen und das antike Israel. Interdisziplinäre Studien zur Religions- und Kulturgeschichte des Heiligen Landes (OBO 201; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004) 29-60.

Wenning, R., "Nachweis der attischen Keramik aus Palästina. Aktualisierter Zwischenbericht", in S. Alkier – M. Witte (eds.), Die Griechen und das antike Israel. Interdisziplinäre Studien zur Religions- und Kulturgeschichte des Heiligen Landes (OBO 201; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004) 61-72.

III.    Jews under the dominion of the Ptolemies (in Palestine and in Egypt)

1.   Historical and archaeological studies

Bagnall, R. S., "Palestine, Administration of: 4. Ptolemaic Administration", ABD V (1992) 90-92.

Balandier, C., La défense de la Syrie-Palestine des Achéménides aux Lagides: histoire et archéologie des fortifications à l'ouest du Jourdain de 532 à 199 avant J.-C., avec appendices sur Jérusalem et sur les ouvrages fortifiés de Transjordanie et du nord du Sinaï (EtBib, n. s. 67; Pendé: Gabalda, 2014).

Clarysse, W., "The Jewish Presence in Graeco-Roman Egypt: The Evidence of the Papyri since the Corpus Papyrorum Judaicarum", in A. G. Salvesen – S. Pearce – M. Frenkel (eds.), Israel in Egypt: The Land of Egypt as Concept and Reality for Jews in Antiquity and the Early Medieval Period (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 110; Leiden: Brill, 2020) 305-325.

Finkelstein, I., "The Territorial Extent and Demography of Yehud/Judea in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods", RB 117 (2010) 39-54. Reprinted [same title] in I. Finkelstein, Hasmonean Realities Behind Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives (SBLAIL 34; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2018) 51-70 [with short addenda to the original text of the article on p. 70].

Gera, D., Judaea and Mediterranean Politics, 219 to 161 B.C.E. (Brill's Series in Jewish Studies, 8; Leiden: Brill, 1998).

Glass, R. G. – G. A. Keddie, "From the Ptolemies to the Romans: Empire in Jewish Literature from Egypt", JSJ 51 (2020) 179-207.

Grabbe, L. L., A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period. Volume 2: The Coming of the Greeks: The Early Hellenistic Period (335–175 BCE) (LSTS 68; London: T&T Clark, 2008).

Grabbe, L. L., "Hyparchs, Oikonomoi and Mafiosi: The Governance of Judah in the Ptolemaic Period", in L. L. Grabbe – O. Lipschits (eds.), Judah Between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (ca. 400-200 BCE). A Conference Held at Tel Aviv University, 17-19 April 2007 Sponsored by the ASG (the Academic Study Group for Israel and the Middle East) and Tel Aviv University (LSTS 75; London: T & T Clark International, 2011) 70-90.

Grabbe, L. L. – O. Lipschits (eds.), Judah Between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (ca. 400-200 BCE). A Conference Held at Tel Aviv University, 17-19 April 2007 Sponsored by the ASG (Academic Study Group for Israel and the Middle East) and Tel Aviv University (LSTS 75; London: T&T Clark International, 2011).

Grabbe, L. L., "The Ptolemaic Period: A Dark Age in Jewish History?", in S. Honigman – C. Nihan – O. Lipschits (eds.), Times of Transition: Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period (Mosaics: Studies on Ancient Israel, 1; University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns – Penn State University Press and The Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, 2021) 19-29.

Hengel, M., "The Political and Social History of Palestine from Alexander to Antiochus III (333-187 B.C.E.)", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 35-78.

Honigman, S., "Searching for the Social Location of Literate Judean Elites in Early Hellenistic Times: A Non-Linear History of the Temple and Royal Administrations in Judea", in S. Honigman – C. Nihan – O. Lipschits (eds.), Times of Transition: Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period (Mosaics: Studies on Ancient Israel, 1; University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns – Penn State University Press and The Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, 2021) 199-229.

Kasher, A., The Jews in Hellenistic and Roman Egypt: The Struggle for Equal Rights (TSAJ 7; Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1985). [revised version of the Hebrew original of 1978]

Knauf, E. A., "Biblical References to Judean Settlement in Eretz Israel (and Beyond) in the Late Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods", in P. R. Davies – D. V. Edelman (eds.), The Historian and the Bible: Essays in Honour of Lester L. Grabbe (LHB/OTS 530; London: T & T Clark, 2010) 175-193.

Levin, Y. (ed.), A Time of Change: Judah and Its Neighbours in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods (LSTS 65; London: T & T Clark, 2007).

Lipschits, O. – G. N. Knoppers – R. Albertz (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century b.c.e. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007).

Lipschits, O. – O. Tal, "The Settlement Archaeology of the Province of Judah: A Case Study", in O. Lipschits – G. N. Knoppers – R. Albertz (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century b.c.e. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007) 33-52.

Lipschits, O., "Jerusalem between Two Periods of Greatness: The Size and Status of the City in the Babylonian, Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods", in L. L. Grabbe – O. Lipschits (eds.), Judah Between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (ca. 400-200 BCE). A Conference Held at Tel Aviv University, 17-19 April 2007 Sponsored by the ASG (the Academic Study Group for Israel and the Middle East) and Tel Aviv University (LSTS 75; London: T & T Clark International, 2011) 163-175. Reprinted in L. L. Grabbe (ed.), The Hebrew Bible and History: Critical Readings (T&T Clark Critical Readings in Biblical Studies; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2019) 499-516.

Mélèze-Modrzejewski, J., Les juifs d'Égypte, de Ramsès II à Hadrien. Nouvelle édition revue et complétée (Quadrige 247; Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1997). [first edition: Paris: A. Colin, 1991]

Mélèze-Modrzejewski, J., The Jews of Egypt: From Rameses II to Emperor Hadrian. With a Foreword by S. J. D. Cohen (Edinburgh: T & T Clark; Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1995) [published with corrections in the series: (Princeton Paperbacks; Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997)].

Moore, S., Jewish Ethnic Identity and Relations in Hellenistic Egypt: With Walls of Iron? (JSJSup 171; Leiden: Brill, 2015).

Oswald, W., "Der Hohepriester als Ethnarch. Zur politische Organisation Judäas im 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr", ZABR 21 (2015) 309-320.

Piotrkowski, M. M., Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (Studia Judaica, 106 / Rethinking Diaspora, 4; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019).

Piotrkowski, M. M., "Artapanus as a Source for the Building of the Temple of Onias in Egypt", JSP 29.3 (Mar. 2020) 197-214.

Rösel, M., "Der Brief des Aristeas an Philokrates, der Tempel in Leontopolis und die Bedeutung der Religionsgeschichte Israels in hellenistischer Zeit", in F. Hartenstein – M. Pietsch (eds.), "Sieben Augen auf einem Stein" (Sach 3,9): Studien zur Literatur des Zweiten Tempels. Festschrift für Ina Willi-Plein zum 65. Geburtstag (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2007) 327-344. English version: "The Letter of Aristeas, the Temple in Leontopolis, and the Importance of the History of Israelite Religion in the Hellenistic Period", in M. Rösel, Tradition and Innovation: English and German Studies on the Septuagint (SBLSCS 70; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2018) 3-28.

Schwartz, S., "On the Autonomy of Judaea in the Fourth and Third Centuries BCE", JJS 45 (1994) 157-168.

Shalom, N. – O. Lipschits, "Judah during the Transition between the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods: Regional Processes", in W. Held – R. Amedick – H. Froning (eds.), The Transition from the Achaemenid to the Hellenistic Period in the Levant, Cyprus, and Cilicia: Cultural Interruption or Continuity? Symposion at Philipps-Universität Marburg, October 12-15, 2017 (Marburger Beiträge zur Archäologie, 6; Marburg: Eigenverlag des Archäologischen Seminars der Philipps-Universität Marburg, 2020) 7-26.

2.   The contribution of the Zenon papyri

Durand, X., Des Grecs en Palestine au IIIe siècle av. J.-C. Le Dossier syrien des archives de Zénon de Caunos (261–252) (CahRB 38; Paris: Gabalda, 1997).

Hacham, N., "The Third Century BCE: New Light on Egyptian Jewish History from the Papyri", in M. M. Piotrkowski – G. Herman – S. Dönitz (eds.), Sources and Interpretation in Ancient Judaism: Studies for Tal Ilan at Sixty (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity = Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums, 104; Leipzig: Brill, 2018) 130-142.

Hacham, N. – T. Ilan (eds.), Corpus Papyrorum Judaicarum. Volume 4. In collaboration with M. M. Piotrkowski and Z. Szántó (Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2020). [for CPJ Vol. 1-3, see s.v. Tcherikover below]

Orrieux, C., Les Papyrus de Zenon. L'horizon d'un grec en Égypte au IIIe siècle avant J.C. (Paris: Macula, 1983).

Orrieux, C., Xénon de Caunos, "parépidèmos", et le destin grec (Centre de Recherches d'Histoire Ancienne, 64; Besançon: Annales Littéraires de l'Université de Besançon; Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1985).

Passoni Dell'Acqua, A., "Le testimonianze papiracee relative alla 'Siria e Fenicia' in età tolemaico (I papiri di Zenone e le ordinanze reali)", RivB (1986) 233-283. [RivB 34/1-2 published the Congress essays of: G. L. Prato (ed.), Il mondo ebraico alla luce delle fonti extrabibliche, II: Il periodo postesilico. Atti del 4° Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari.]

Préaux, C., Les Grecs en Egypte d'après les archives de Zénon (Collection Lebègue, 78; Bruxelles: Office de publicité, 1947).

Settembrini, M. (ed.), Isaia in Egitto: papiri tolemaici e vicende della comunità giudaica che legge Isaia 58 (TVOA 6: Letteratura ebraica e aramaica, 5; Torino: Paideia, 2018).

Tcherikover, V., "Palestine under the Ptolemies: A Contribution to the Study of the Zenon Papyri", Mizraim 4-5 (1937) 9-90. [Mizraim: Journal of Papyrology, Egyptology, History of Ancient Laws, and their Relations to Civilizations of Bible Lands. New York: G. E. Stechert and Co., 1933-1938.]

Tcherikover, V., The Jews in Egypt in the Hellenistic-Roman Age in the Light of the Papyri [Hebrew]. 2nd revised edition (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1963). [There is an extensive English summary on pp. I-XXVI.] [First Hebrew edition (same title): Jerusalem: Hebrew University Press Association, 1945 (with 32 pp. of English summary)]

Tcherikover, V. A. – A. Fuks (eds.), Corpus papyrorum Judaicarum. Vol. 1: Prolegomena and Documents of the Ptolemaic Period (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press for the Magnes Press of the Hebrew University, 1957).

Tcherikover, V. A. – A. Fuks (eds.), Corpus papyrorum Judaicarum. Vol. 2: The early Roman period to A.D. 115-117 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press for the Magnes Press of the Hebrew University, 1960).

Tcherikover, V. A. – A. Fuks – M. Stern (eds.), Corpus papyrorum Judaicarum. Vol. 3: Late Roman and Byzantine periods. With an epigraphical contribution by David M. Lewis (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press for the Magnes Press of the Hebrew University, 1964). [for CPJ 4 see above s.v. Hacham]

Vincent, L.-H., "La Palestine dans les papyrus ptolémaïques de Gerza", RB 29 (1920) 161-202. [Kharabet (or Darb) el Gerza (ancient Philadelphia) in the Fayum, where the Zenon papyri-archive was found].

3.   The Tobiads (esp. in the 3rd cent.)

Eskenazi, T. C., "Tobiah", ABD VI (1992) 584-585.

Gera, D., "On the Credibility of the History of the Tobiads (Josephus, Antiquities 12, 156-222, 228-36)", in A. Kasher – U. Rappaport – G. Fuks (eds.), Greece and Rome in Eretz Israel: Collected Essays (Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi / Israel Exploration Society, 1990) 21-38.

Goldstein, J. A., "The Tales of the Tobiads", in J. Neusner (ed.), Christianity, Judaism, and Other Greco-Roman Cults: Studies for Morton Smith at Sixty, Part 3: Judaism before 70 ( Studies in Judaism in Late Antiquity, 12/3; Leiden: Brill, 1975) 85-123.

Ji, Chang-Ho C., "A New Look at the Tobiads in ʿIraq al-Amir", LASBF 48 (1998) 417-440.

Mazar, B., "The Tobiads", IEJ 7 (1957) 137-145, 229-238.

McCown, C. C., "The ʿAraq el-Emir and the Tobiads", BA 20 (1957) 63-76.

Porter, A., "What Sort of Jews Were the Tobiads?", in D. R. Edwards – C. T. McCollough (eds.), The Archaeology of Difference: Gender, Ethnicity, Class and the "Other" in Antiquity. Studies in Honor of Eric M. Meyers (AASOR 60/61; Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2007) 141-150.

Rosenberg, S. G., "A New Element in the Dating of the Tobyah Inscriptions at Airaq al-Amir in Jordan", Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society 24 (2006) 85-92.

Tcherikover, V., "The Tobiads in Light of the Zenon Papyri", in M. E. Stone – D. Satran (eds.), Emerging Judaism: Studies on the Fourth and Third Centuries B.C.E. (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1989) 77-99. [This essay brings together material originally presented in various sections of V. Tcherikover, Hellenistic Civilization... (1959); see above.]

IV.    Jews under the dominion of the Seleucids and their struggle for liberation

1.   Seleucid Palestine in general

Bickerman, E. J., "La charte séleucide de Jérusalem", REJ 100 (1935) 4-35. Reprinted in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History. Part Two (AGJU 9/2; Leiden: Brill, 1980) 44-85. English version: "The Seleucid Charter for Jerusalem", in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History: A New Edition in English including "The God of the Maccabees". Introduced by M. Hengel and edited by A. Tropper (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 68; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 315-356.

Bickerman, E. J., "Une proclamation séleucide relative au temple de Jérusalem", Syria 25 (1946-1948) 67-88. Reprinted in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History. Part Two (AGJU 9/2; Leiden: Brill, 1980) 86-104. English version: "A Seleucid Proclamation Concerning the Temple in Jerusalem", in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History: A New Edition in English including "The God of the Maccabees". Introduced by M. Hengel and edited by A. Tropper (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 68; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 357-375.

Dahmen, U. – J. Schnocks (eds.), Juda und Jerusalem in der Seleukidenzeit: Herrschaft – Widerstand – Identität. Festschrift für Heinz-Josef Fabry (BBB 159; Göttingen: V&R Unipress; Bonn: Bonn University Press, 2010).

Finkielsztejn, G., "The City Organization in the Seleucid Southern Levant: Some Archeological Evidence and Prospects", in R. Oetjen (ed.), New Perspectives in Seleucid History, Archaeology and Numismatics. Studies in Honor of Getzel M. Cohen (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 355; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020) 296-311.

Fischer, T., "Palestine, Administration of: 5. Seleucid Administration", ABD V (1992) 92-96.

Gera, D., Judaea and Mediterranean Politics, 219 to 161 B.C.E. (Brill's Series in Jewish Studies, 8; Leiden: Brill, 1998).

Grabbe, L. L., A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period. Volume 2: The Coming of the Greeks: The Early Hellenistic Period (335–175 BCE) (LSTS 68; London: T&T Clark, 2008).

Grabbe, L. L., A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period. Volume 3: The Maccabaean Revolt, Hasmonaean Rule, and Herod the Great (175-4 BCE) (LSTS 95; London: T&T Clark, 2020).

Hoglund, K., "The Material Culture of the Seleucid Period in Palestine: Social and Economic Observations", in P. R. Davies – J. M. Halligan (eds.), Second Temple Studies III: Studies in Politics, Class and Material Culture (JSOTSup 340; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002) 67-73.

Muccioli, F., "Elementi per una riconsiderazione delle etnie minoritarie nel regno dei Seleucidi", in G. L. Prato (ed.), Israele fra le genti in epoca ellenistica: un popolo primogenito cittadino del mondo. Atti del XVIII Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari (Bologna, 9–11 Settembre 2013) (Ricerche storico-bibliche, 27/1; Bologna: Edizioni Dehoniane, 2015) 71-89.

Schürer, E., The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C – A.D. 135). A New English Version, revised and edited by Geza Vermes and Fergus Millar. 3 vol. in 4 parts (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1973 / 1979 / 1986 / 1987). The period from 175 BC to 63 BC is presented in Vol. 1, 125-242 (preceded by a presentation of the sources). Italian: Storia del popolo giudaico al tempo di Gesù Cristo (175 a.C.-135 d.C.). Edizione diretta e riveduta da Geza Vermes, Fergus Millar, Matthew Black, Martin Goodman; con la collaborazione di Pamela Vermes; edizione italiana a cura di Claudio Gianotto. 3 vol. in 4 (Biblioteca di storia e storiografia dei tempi biblici, 1 / 6 / 12 / 13; Brescia: Paideia, 1985-1998). Spanish: Historia del Pueblo Judío en tíempos de Jesús 175 a.C.- 135 d.C. Edición dirigida y revisada por Geza Vermes, Fergus Millar, Matthew Black; con la colaboración de Pamela Vermes. 2 vol. (Sagrada Escritura; Madrid: Cristiandad, 1985).

2.   Antiochus IV and the outbreak of the Maccabean revolt

Bar-Kochva, B., "The Religious Persecutions of Antiochus Epiphanes as a Historical Reality [Hebr.]", Tarbiz 84/3 (2016) 295-344, with an English abstract pp. v-vii. [detailed critique of Honigman 2014, see below]

Bernhardt, J. C., Die jüdische Revolution. Untersuchungen zu Ursachen, Verlauf und Folgen der hasmonäischen Erhebung (Klio Beihefte, Neue Folge, 22; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017).

Bickerman, E. J., Der Gott der Makkabäer: Untersuchungen über Sinn und Ursprung der Makkabäischen Erhebung (Berlin: Schocken, 1937). English version: The God of the Maccabees: Studies on the Meaning and Origin of the Maccabean Revolt (Studies in Judaism in Late Antiquity, 32; Leiden: Brill, 1979). Reprinted in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History: A New Edition in English including "The God of the Maccabees". Introduced by M. Hengel and edited by A. Tropper (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 68; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 1025-1149.

Bickerman, E. J., "Un document relatif à la pérsecution d'Antiochos IV Epiphane", RHR 115 (1937) 188-223. Reprinted in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History. Part Two (AGJU 9/2; Leiden: Brill, 1980) 105-135. English version: "A Document Concerning the Persecution by Antiochus IV Epiphanes", in E. J. Bickerman, Studies in Jewish and Christian History: A New Edition in English including "The God of the Maccabees". Introduced by M. Hengel and edited by A. Tropper (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 68; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 376-407.

Bringmann, K., Hellenistische Reform und Religionsverfolgung in Judäa. Eine Untersuchung zur jüdisch-hellenistischen Geschichte (175-163 v.Chr.) (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1983).

Canali De Rossi, F., "Roma, Antioco IV, e le città del regno seleucidico", in R. Oetjen (ed.), New Perspectives in Seleucid History, Archaeology and Numismatics. Studies in Honor of Getzel M. Cohen (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 355; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020) 483-490.

Derfler, S. L., The Hasmonean Revolt: Rebellion or Revolution? (Ancient Near Eastern Texts and Studies, 5; Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1989).

Doran, R., "The Persecution of Judeans by Antiochus IV: The Significance of 'Ancestral Laws'", in D. C. Harlow – K. M. Hogan – M. Goff – J. S. Kaminsky (eds.), The "Other" in Second Temple Judaism: Essays in Honor of John J. Collins (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2011) 423-433.

Eckhardt, B., "Die 'hellenistische Krise' und der Makkabäeraufstand in der neuren Diskussion", TLZ 143 (2018) 983-998.

Gera, D. – W. Horowitz, "Antiochus IV in Life and Death: Evidence from the Babylonian Astronomical Diaries", JAOS 117 (1997) 240-252.

Gera, D., "The Seleucid Road Towards the Religious Persecution of the Jews", in M.-F. Baslez – O. Munnich (eds.), La mémoire des persécutions: autour des livres des Maccabées (Collection de la Revue des études juives, 56; Paris & Louvain: Peeters, 2014) 21-57.

Gruen, E. S., "Hellenism and Persecution: Antiochus IV and the Jews", in P. Green (ed.), Hellenistic History and Culture (Hellenistic History and Culture, 9; Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993) 238-264 [a "Response" by M. Gwyn Morgan follows, 264-269, and then a "Discussion", 269-274]. Reprinted in E. S. Gruen, Constructs of Identity in Hellenistic Judaism: Essays on Early Jewish Literature and History (DCLS 29; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016) 333-357.

Honigman, S., Tales of High Priests and Taxes. The Books of the Maccabees and the Judean Rebellion Against Antiochos IV (Hellenistic Culture and Society, 56; Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2014).

Honigman, S., "Commemorative Fictions: Athens (480 B. C. E.), Jerusalem (168 B. C. E.), and Alexandria (38 C. E.)", HeBAI 10 (2021) 77-96.

Keel, O., "Die kultischen Massnahmen Antiochus' IV in Jerusalem: Religionsverfolgung und/oder Reformversuch? Eine Skizze", in J. Krašovec (ed.), The Interpretation of the Bible: The International Symposium in Slovenia (JSOTSup 289; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998) 217-242; = [same title], in O. Keel – U. Staub (eds.), Hellenismus und Judentum. Vier Studien zu Daniel 7 und zur Religionsnot unter Antiochus IV (OBO 178; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen:Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2000) 87-121.

Kooij, A. van der, "Groups and Parties in Early Judaism: Daniel 11:14 and the Hasideans", Semitica et Classica 8 (2015) 45-51.

Lichtenberger, A., "Die Jerusalemer Religionsreform im Kontext. Antiochos IV., Antiochia und Zeus Olympios", in F. Avemarie – P. Bukovec – S. Krauter – M. Tilly (eds.), Die Makkabäer (WUNT 382; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2017) 1-20.

Lichtenberger, H., "Der Feind Gottes in der frühjüdischen Literatur: Antiochus IV Epiphanes", in M. Tilly – M. Morgenstern – V. H. Drecoll (eds.), L'adversaire de Dieu = Der Widersacher Gottes. 6. Symposium Strasbourg, Tübingen, Uppsala, 27.-29. Juni 2013 in Tübingen (WUNT 364; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2016) 53-74.

Lorein, G. W., "Some Aspects of the Life and Death of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. A New Presentation of Old Viewpoints", Ancient Society 31 (2001) 157-171.

Meyer, M., "King Antiochus IV and the Cities in the Levant", in R. Oetjen (ed.), New Perspectives in Seleucid History, Archaeology and Numismatics. Studies in Honor of Getzel M. Cohen (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 355; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020) 525-539.

Mittag, P. F., Antiochos IV. Epiphanes. Eine politische Biographie (Klio. Beiträge zur Alten Geschichte, Beihefte, Neue Folge, 11; Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2006).

Mittag, P. F., "Antiochus IV Epiphanes's Policy towards the Jews", in G. H. van Kooten – J. van Ruiten (eds.), Intolerance, Polemics, and Debate in Antiquity: Politico-Cultural, Philosophical, and Religious Forms of Critical Conversation (Themes in Biblical Narrative: Jewish and Christian Traditions, 25; Leiden: Brill, 2019) 186-204.

Mørkholm, O., Antiochus IV of Syria (Classica et mediaevalia, Dissertations, 8; København: Gyldendal, 1966).

Mørkholm, O., "Antiochus IV", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 278-291.

Muccioli, F., "Antioco IV salvatore dell'Asia (OGIS 253) e la campagna orientale del 165-164 a.C., in A. Panaino – A. Piras (eds.), Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the Societas Iranologica Europaea Held in Ravenna, 6-11 October 2003. Vol. I: Ancient & Middle Iranian Studies (Milano: Mimesis, 2006) 619-634.

Muccioli, F., "Antioco IV, i Giudei e l'unità del regno seleucide (Mach. I 1, 41-42)", in R. Oetjen (ed.), New Perspectives in Seleucid History, Archaeology and Numismatics. Studies in Honor of Getzel M. Cohen (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 355; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020) 540-557.

Niesiołowski-Spanò, Ł., "Antiochus IV Epiphanes and the Jews: A Reassessment", in I. Hjelm – T. L. Thompson (eds.), History, Archaeology and The Bible Forty Years After "Historicity" (Copenhagen International Seminar – Changing Perspectives, 6; London & New York: Routledge, 2016) 130-140.

Portier-Young, A. E., Apocalypse Against Empire: Theologies of Resistance in Early Judaism (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2011). Spanish: Apocalipsis contra Imperio: teologías de resistencia en el Judaísmo antiguo (Ágora 39; Estella [NA]: Editorial Verbo Divino, 2016).

Prato, G. L., "La persecuzione religiosa nell'ermeneutica maccabaica: l'ellenismo come paganesimo", in G. L. Prato (ed.), Israele alla ricerca di identità tra il III sec. a.C. e il I sec. d.C. Atti del V Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari: Bressanone, 7-9 settembre 1987 (Ricerche storico-bibliche 1/1; Bologna: EDB, 1989) 99-122.

Schnocks, J., "Was the Maccabean Revolt the 'First Religiously Motivated War in History' (J. Assmann)? Exegetical, Historical and Hermeneutical Contributions to a Recent Discussion", in P. Carstens – T. B. Hasselbalch – N. P. Lemche (eds.), Cultural Memory in Biblical Exegesis (Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures and its Contexts, 17; Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias, 2012) 327-342.

Schwartz, D. R. "Antiochus IV Epiphanes in Jerusalem", in D. Goodblatt – A. Pinnick – D. R. Schwartz (eds.), Historical Perspectives: From the Hasmoneans to Bar Kokhba in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 27-31 January, 1999 (STDJ 37; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 45-56.

Scolnic, B. E., "The Milesian Connection: Dan 11:23 and Antiochus IV's Rise to Power", VT 63 (2013) 89-98.

Scurlock, J., "167 BCE: Hellenism or Reform?", JSJ 31 (2000) 125-161.

3.   The further course of the Maccabean revolt and the establishment of the Hasmonean dynasty

Atkinson, K., A History of the Hasmonean State: Josephus and Beyond (Jewish and Christian Texts, 23; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016).

Atkinson, K., The Hasmoneans and Their Neighbors: New Historical Reconstructions from the Dead Sea Scrolls and Classical Sources (Jewish and Christian Texts, 27; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2018).

Avemarie, F. – P. Bukovec – S. Krauter – M. Tilly (eds.), Die Makkabäer. Unter Mitarbeit von H. Stoppel (WUNT 382; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2017).

Avi-Yonah, M. – S. Safrai – Z. Safrai, Understanding the Maccabean Revolt, 167 BCE to 63 BCE: An Introductory Atlas (Jerusalem: Carta, 2016).

Babota, V., The Institution of the Hasmonean High Priesthood (JSJSup 165; Leiden: Brill, 2014).

Bar-Kochva, B., Judas Maccabaeus: The Jewish Struggle against the Seleucids (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989). [thoroughly revised and expanded edition of a Hebrew work of 1980]

Baumgarten, A., The Flourishing of Jewish Sects in the Maccabean Era: An Interpretation (JSJSup 55; Leiden: Brill, 1997).

Berlin, A. M. – P. J. Kosmin (eds.), The Middle Maccabees: Archaeology, History, and the Rise of the Hasmonean Kingdom (SBLABS 28; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2021).

Berlin, A. M. – P. J. Kosmin, "Conclusion: The Maccabean Rise to Power, in Archaeological and Historical Context", in A. M. Berlin – P. J. Kosmin (eds.), The Middle Maccabees: Archaeology, History, and the Rise of the Hasmonean Kingdom (SBLABS 28; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2021) 391-407.

Berthelot, K., In Search of the Promised Land? The Hasmonean Dynasty Between Biblical Models and Hellenistic Diplomacy (JAJSup 24; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2018).

Boffo, L., "Il mondo ellenistico degli imperi sopra-locali e delle dinastie regionali: Seleucidi e Asmonei", in G. L. Prato (ed.), Israele fra le genti in epoca ellenistica: un popolo primogenito cittadino del mondo. Atti del XVIII Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari (Bologna, 9-11 Settembre 2013) (Ricerche storico-bibliche, 27/1; Bologna: Edizioni Dehoniane, 2015) 41-70.

Dąbrowa, E., The Hasmoneans and Their State: A Study in History, Ideology, and the Institutions (Electrum: Studies in Ancient History, 16; Kraków: Jagiellonian University Press, 2010).

Eckhardt, B., "The Hasmoneans and Their Rivals in Seleucid and Post-Seleucid Judea", JSJ 47 (2016) 55-70.

Efron, J., Studies on the Hasmonean Period (Studies in Judaism in Late Antiquity, 39; Leiden: Brill, 1987).

Eshel, H., The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hasmonean State (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature / Series of Studies on the Ancient Period; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans / Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi Press, 2008). [original Hebrew edition 2004]

Finkelstein, I., "The Expansion of Judah in II Chronicles: Territorial Legitimation for the Hasmoneans?", ZAW 127 (2015) 669-695. Reprinted as "The Expansion of Judah in 2 Chronicles", in I. Finkelstein, Hasmonean Realities Behind Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives (SBLAIL 34; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2018) 129-158 [with short addenda after the original text of the article].

Fischer, T., Seleukiden und Makkabäer. Beiträge zur Seleukidengeschichte und zu den politischen Ereignissen in Judäa während der 1. Hälfte des 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (Bochum: Studienverlag Brockmeyer, 1980).

Goldstein, J. A., "The Hasmonean Revolt and the Hasmonean Dynasty", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 292-351.

Grabbe, L. L., "Maccabean Chronology: 167-164 or 168-165 BCE", JBL 110 (1991) 59-74.

Green, P., "Chap. 29: Hellenism and the Jews: An Ideological Resistance Movement?", in his Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1990) 497-524.

Ma, J., "The Restoration of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Seleukid State: II Macc. 11.16–38", in R. Oetjen (ed.), New Perspectives in Seleucid History, Archaeology and Numismatics. Studies in Honor of Getzel M. Cohen (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 355; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020) 80-93.

Nodet, É., La crise maccabéenne. Historiographie juive et traditions bibliques (Josèphe et son temps, 6; Paris: Cerf, 2005).

Nongbri, B., "The Motivations of the Maccabees and Judean Rhetoric of Ancestral Tradition", in C. Bakhos (ed.), Ancient Judaism in its Hellenistic Context (JSJSup 95; Leiden: Brill, 2005) 85-111.

Rajak, T., "Hasmonean Kingship and the Invention of Tradition", in P. Bilde – T. Enberg-Pedersen – L. Hannestad – J. Zahle (eds.), Aspects of Hellenistic Kingship (Studies in Hellenistic Civilisation, 7; Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1996) 96-116. Reprinted in T. Rajak, The Jewish Dialogue with Greece and Rome: Studies in Cultural and Social Interaction (AGJU 48; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 39-60.

Regev, E., The Hasmoneans: Ideology, Archaeology, Identity (JAJSup 10; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2013).

Sievers, J., The Hasmoneans and their Supporters: From Mattathias to the Death of John Hyrcanus I (South Florida Studies in the History of Judaism, 6; Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1990).

Sievers, J., Synopsis of the Greek Sources for the Hasmonean Period: 1-2 Maccabees and Josephus, War 1 and Antiquities 12-14 (Subsidia biblica, 20; Roma: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 2001).

V.    Judaism and Hellenism: the question of hellenization

Baumgarten, A. I., "Hellenism and Judaism before and after World War II: Two Case Studies—A. D. Momigliano and E. J. Bickerman", in Z. Weiss – O. Irshai – J. Magness – S. Schwartz (eds.), "Follow the Wise": Studies in Jewish History and Culture in Honor of Lee I. Levine (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2010) 3-23.

Canfora, L., Ellenismo (Biblioteca Universale Laterza, 442; Roma: Laterza, 1995).

Cohen, S. J. D, "Religion, Ethnicity and 'Hellenism' in the Emergence of Jewish Identity in Maccabean Palestine", in P. Bilde – T. Engbert-Pedersen – L. Hannestad – J. Zahle (eds.), Religion and Religious Practice in the Seleucid Kingdom (Studies in Hellenistic Civilization, 1; Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1990) 204-223.

Collins, J. J. – G. E. Sterling (eds.), Hellenism in the Land of Israel (Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity Series, 13; Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001).

Collins, J. J., "Cult and Culture: The Limits of Hellenization in Judea", in J. J. Collins – G. E. Sterling (ed.), Hellenism in the Land of Israel (Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity Series, 13; Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001) 38-61.

Collins, J. J., Jewish Cult and Hellenistic Culture: Essays on the Jewish Encounter with Hellenism and Roman Rule (JSJSup 100; Leiden: Brill, 2005).

Eshel, H., "Hellenism in the Land of Israel from the Fifth to the Second Centuries BCE in Light of Semitic Epigraphy", in Y. Levin (ed.), A Time of Change: Judah and Its Neighbours in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods (LSTS 65; London: T & T Clark, 2007) 116-124.

Feldman, L. H., "Hengel's Judaism and Hellenism in Retrospect", JBL 96 (1977) 371-382.

Feldman, L. H., "How Much Hellenism in Jewish Palestine?", HUCA 57 (1986) 83-111.

Feldman, L. H., Judaism and Hellenism Reconsidered (JSJSup 107; Leiden: Brill, 2006).

Grabbe, L. L., "The Jews and Hellenization: Hengel and His Critics", in P.R. Davies / J.M. Halligan (ed.), Second Temple Studies III: Studies in Politics, Class and Material Culture (JSOTSup 340; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002) 52-66.

Gruen, E. S., Heritage and Hellenism: The Reinvention of Jewish Tradition (Hellenistic Culture and Society, 30; Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998).

Gruen, E. S., "Jews and Greeks", in A. Erskine (ed.), A Companion to the Hellenistic World. Revised ed. (Blackwell Companions to Ancient History; Oxford: Blackwell, 2005) 264-279. [first ed. 2003]

Gruen, E. S., "Hellenism and Judaism: Fluid Boundaries," in Z. Weiss – O. Irshai – J. Magness – S. Schwartz (eds.), "Follow the Wise": Studies in Jewish History and Culture in Honor of Lee I. Levine (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2010) 53-70. Reprinted in E. S. Gruen, Constructs of Identity in Hellenistic Judaism: Essays on Early Jewish Literature and History (DCLS 29; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016) 113-131.

Hengel, M., Judentum und Hellenismus. Studien zu ihrer Begegnung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung Palästinas bis zur Mitte des 2 Jh.s v. Chr. (WUNT 10; Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1969). [2., durchgesehene und ergänzte Auflage 1973; 3., durchgesehene Auflage 1988]. English: Judaism and Hellenism: Studies in their Encounter in Palestine during the Early Hellenistic Period. Volume One: Text. Volume Two: Notes and Bibliography (London: SCM; Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1974). Reprinted Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2003.

Hengel, M., Juden, Griechen und Barbaren. Aspekte der Hellenisierung des Judentums in vorchristlicher Zeit (SBS 76: Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1976). English version: Jews, Greeks and Barbarians: Aspect of the Hellenization of Judaism in the Pre-Christian Period (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1980).

Hengel, M., "The Interpenetration of Judaism and Hellenism in the Pre-Maccabean Period", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Two: The Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 167-228. [an abbreviated version of his 1976 book Juden, Griechen und Barbaren, see above]

Hengel, M., "Judaism and Hellenism Revisited", in J. J. Collins – G. E. Sterling (eds.), Hellenism in the Land of Israel (Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity Series, 13; Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001) 6-37.

Hyldahl, N., "The Maccabean Rebellion and the Question of 'Hellenization'", in P. Bilde – T. Engbert-Pedersen – L. Hannestad – J. Zahle (eds.), Religion and Religious Practice in the Seleucid Kingdom (Studies in Hellenistic Civilization, 1; Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1990) 188-203.

Kaiser, O., "Judentum und Hellenismus", VF 27 (1982) 68-88.

Kasher, A., Jews and Hellenistic Cities in Eretz-Israel: Relations of the Jews in Eretz-Israel with the Hellenistic Cities during the Second Temple Period (332 BCE-70 CE) (TSAJ 21; Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1990).

Levine, L. I., Judaism and Hellenism: Conflict or Confluence? (The Samuel and Althea Stroum Lectures in Jewish Studies; Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1998).

Lieberman, S., Hellenism in Jewish Palestine: Studies in the Literary Transmission, Beliefs and Manners of Palestine in the I Century B.C.E. – IV Century C.E. Second improved edition (Texts and Studies of the Jewish Theological Seminary, 18; New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1962). [first ed. 1950]

Millar, F., "The Background to the Maccabean Revolution: Reflections on Martin Hengel's Judaism and Hellenism", JJS 29 (1978) 1-21. Reprinted [same title] as Chap. 4 in F. Millar, Rome, the Greek World, and the East, Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East. Edited by H. M. Cotton and G. MacLean Rogers (Studies in the History of Greece and Rome; Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2006) 67-90.

Momigliano, A., "Greeks, Jews and Romans from Antiochus III to Pompey", in his Alien Wisdom: The Limits of Hellenization (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975) 97-122.

Momigliano, A., "The Hellenistic Discovery of Judaism", in his Alien Wisdom: The Limits of Hellenization (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975) 74-96.

Momigliano, A., "Greek Culture and the Jews", in M. I. Finley (ed.), The Legacy of Greece: A New Approach (Oxford: Clarendon, 1981) 325-346.

Rajak, T., "The Hasmoneans and the Uses of Hellenism", in P. R. Davies – R. T. White (eds.), A Tribute to Geza Vermes: Essays on Jewish and Christian Literature and History (JSOTSup 100; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1990) 261-280. Reprinted in T. Rajak, The Jewish Dialogue with Greece and Rome: Studies in Cultural and Social Interaction (AGJU 48; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 61-80.

Rajak, T., "Judaism and Hellenism Revisited", in T. Rajak, The Jewish Dialogue with Greece and Rome: Studies in Cultural and Social Interaction (AGJU 48; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 3-10.

Rajak, T., The Jewish Dialogue with Greece and Rome: Studies in Cultural and Social Interaction (AGJU 48; Leiden: Brill, 2001).

Thompson, T. L., "The Bible and Hellenism: A Response", in L. L. Grabbe (ed.), Did Moses Speak Attic? Jewish Historiography and Scripture in the Hellenistic Period (JSOTSup 317 / European Seminar in Historical Methodology, 3; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001) 274-286.

Thompson, T. L. – P. Wajdenbaum (eds.), The Bible and Hellenism: Greek Influence on Jewish Literature and Early Christian Literature (Copenhagen International Seminar, 9; Durham: Acumen, 2014).

Will, E. – C. Orrieux, Ioudaïsmos-hellènismos: Essai sur le judaïsme judéen à l'époque hellénistique (Nancy: Presses Universitaires de Nancy, 1986).

VI.    Online resources

WiBiLex article (1): D. Lambers-Petry, "Makkabäer" [erstellt: Mai 2007] [see the Useful Links page for information about the WiBiLex]

WiBiLex article (2): M. Sigismund, "Hellenismus" [erstellt: Jan. 2010]

WiBiLex article (3): F. Ueberschaer, "Antiochos IV. Epiphanes" [erstellt: Jan. 2006]

WiBiLex article (4): F. Ueberschaer, "Seleukos / Seleukiden" [erstellt: Febr. 2006]

WiBiLex article (5): F. Ueberschaer, "Tobiaden" [erstellt: Febr. 2006]

Zenon papyri (1): useful set of pages with general information on the Zenon archive.

Zenon papyri (2): translations of a selection of papyri, and indication of other online sources.

Zenon papyri (3): most of the Zenon papyri can be found in this aggregate site of papyrological material.