Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Judeans and other West Semites in Babylonia
in the Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid Periods



[see also:  The Neo-Babylonian period;  The Achaemenid Persian period]



The bibliography is divided into three main sections as follows:

I.    Texts from specific localities

1.   Babylon (city): Archives of Nebuchadnezzar II

i)   Edition of the "Jehoiachin texts"

Weidner, E. F., "Jojachin, König von Juda, in babylonischen Keilschrifttexten", in F. Cumont et al., Mélanges syriens offerts à Monsieur René Dussaud par ses amis et ses élèves. 2 vol. (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique, 30; Paris: Geuthner, 1939) 2.923-935.

ii)   Other translations

Oppenheim, A. L., ANET 308. [these Babylonian texts are not found in COS 1-4]

Weippert, M., "D.2. Juda nach Juda: Babylonische Texte über den König Jojachin von Juda (586~570)", in M. Weippert (ed.), Historisches Textbuch zum Alten Testament. Mit Beiträgen von J. F. Quack, B. U. Schipper und S. J. Wimmer (Grundrisse zum Alten Testament, 10; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2010) 425-430 (Texts ## 265-267).

iii)   Studies

Albright, W. F., "King Joiachin in Exile", BA 5 (1942) 49-55. Reprinted in D. N. Freedman – G. E. Wright (eds.), The Biblical Archaeologist Reader (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1961) 106-112.

Pedersén, O., Archive und Bibliotheken in Babylon: Die Tontafeln der Grabung Robert Koldeweys 1899-1917 (Abhandlungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 25; Saarbrücken: Saarländische Druckerei und Verlag, 2005).

Pedersén, O., "Foreign Professionals in Babylon: Evidence from the Archive in the Palace of Nebuchadnezzar II", in W. H. van Soldt – R. Kalvelagen – D. Katz (eds.), Ethnicity in Ancient Mesopotamia: Papers Read at the 48th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Leiden, 1-4 July 2002 (PIHANS 102; Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2005) 267-272.

2.   The Egibi commercial firm

i)   Edition (partial)

Wunsch, C., Das Egibi-Archiv 1: Die Felder und Gärten. 2 volumes (Cuneiform Monographs, 20a-b; Groningen: Styx, 2000). [now available from Brill of Leiden]

ii)   Studies

Abraham, K., Business and Politics under the Persian Empire. The Financial Dealings of Marduk-nāṣir-apli of the House of Egibi (527–487 B.C.E.) (Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 2004).

Abraham, K., "An Egibi Tablet in Jerusalem", IEJ 61 (2011) 68-73.

Driel, G. van, "The Rise of the House of Egibi: Nabû-aḫḫē-iddina", JEOL 29 (1985–1986) 50-67.

Wunsch, C., "Neubabylonische Urkunden: Die Geschäftsurkunden der Familie Egibi", in J. Renger (ed.), Babylon: Focus Mesopotamischer Geschichte, Wiege früher Gelehrsamkeit, Mythos in der Moderne: 2. Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient- Gesellschaft 24.–26. März 1998 in Berlin (Colloquien der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 2; Saarbrücken: SDV, 1999) 343-364.

Wunsch, C., "Neubabylonische Geschäftsleute und ihre Beziehungen zu Palast- und Tempelverwaltungen: Das Beispiel der Familie Egibi", in A. C. V. M. Bongenaar (ed.), Interdependency of Institutions and Private Entrepreneurs: Proceedings of the Second MOS Symposium (Leiden 1998) (PIHANS 87; Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut, 2000) 95-118.

Wunsch, C., "The Egibi Family", in G. Leick (ed.), The Babylonian World (Routledge Worlds Series; London & New York: Routledge, 2007) 236-247.

3.   The Murashu commercial firm

i)   Editions

Clay, A. T., Business Documents of Murashû Sons of Nippur: Dated in the Reign of Darius II. (424–404 B.C.) (The Babylonian Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Series A, Cuneiform Texts, 10; Philadelphia: The Department of Archaeology and Paleontology of the University of Pennsylvania, 1904).

Clay, A. T., Legal and Commercial Transactions Dated in the Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian and Persian Periods ((The Babylonian Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Series A, Cuneiform Texts, 8/1; Philadelphia: The Department of Archaeology and Paleontology of the University of Pennsylvania, 1908).

Clay, A. T., Business Documents of Murashû Sons of Nippur: Dated in the Reign of Darius II (The Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, Publications of the Babylonian Section, 2/1; Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1912).

Donbaz, V. – M. W. Stolper, Istanbul Murašû Texts (PIHANS 79; Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 1997).

Hilprecht, H. V. – A. T. Clay, Business Documents of Murashû Sons of Nippur: Dated in the Reign of Artaxerxes I (464–424 B.C.) (The Babylonian Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Series A, Cuneiform Texts, 9: Philadelphia: The Department of Archaeology and Paleontology of the University of Pennsylvania, 1898).

ii)   Studies

Cardascia, G., Les archives des Murašû: Une famille d'hommes d'affaires babyloniens à l'époque perse (455–403 av. J.-C.) (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1951).

Coogan, M. D., "Patterns in Jewish Personal Names in the Babylonian Diaspora", JSJ 4 (1973) 183-191.

Coogan, M. D., "Life in the Diaspora: Jews at Nippur in the Fifth Century B.C.", BA 37 (1974) 6-12.

Coogan, M. D., "More Yahwistic Names in the Murashu Documents", JSJ 7 (1976) 199-200.

Coogan, M. D., West Semitic Personal Names in the Murašû Documents (HSM 7; Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1976).

Driel, G. van, "The Murašûs in Context", JESHO 32 (1989) 203-229.

Gordin, S. – R. Zadok, "The Illil-mukīn-apli Dossier: A Case Study from the Murašû Archive in the Context of Taxation", Aula Orientalis 34 (2016) 37-56.

Joannès, F., "Private Commerce and Banking in Achaemenid Babylon", in J. M. Sasson (gen. ed.), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, Vol. III (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995) 1475-1485.

Stolper, M. W., "A Note on Yahwistic Personal Names in the Murašû Texts", BASOR 222 (Apr. 1976) 25-28.

Stolper, M. W., Entrepreneurs and Empire: The Murašû Archive, the Murašû Firm, and Persian Rule in Babylonia (PIHANS 54; Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut, 1985).

Stolper, M. W., "Murashû, Archive of", ABD IV (1992) 927-928.

Stolper, M. W., "The Murašû Texts from Susa", RA 86 (1992) 69-77.

Stolper, M. W., "8b: Mesopotamia, 482-330 B.C.", in D. M. Lewis – J. Boardman – S. Hornblower – M. Ostwald (eds.), Cambridge Ancient History. Second edition. Vol. VI: The Fourth Century B.C. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994) 234-260.

Stolper, M. W., "Murašû", RLA 8 (1993-1997) [Lief. 5-6 (1995)] 427-429.

Stolper, M. W., "Fifth Century Nippur: Texts of the Murašûs and from Their Surroundings", JCS 53 (2001) 83-132.

Stolper, M. W., "Farming with the Murašûs and Others: Costs and Returns of Cereal Agriculture in Fifth-Century Babylonian Texts", in H. D. Baker – M. Jursa (eds.), Approaching the Babylonian Economy: Proceedings of the START Project Symposium Held in Vienna, 1–3 July 2004 (AOAT 330; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2005) 323-342.

4.   The Neirab tablets

i)   Edition

Dhorme, E., "Les tablettes babyloniennes de Neirab", RA 25 (1928) 53-82.

ii)   Studies

Cagni, L., "Considérations sur les textes babyloniens de Neirab près d'Alep", Transeu 2 (1990) 169-185.

Cussini, E., "Palaeography of the Aramaic Epigraphs from Tell Neirab", in S. Graziani (ed.), con la collaborazione di M. C. Casaburi e G. Lacerenza, Studi sul vicino Oriente antico dedicati alla memoria di Luigi Cagni. 4 vol. (Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli – Dipartimento di Studi Asiatici. Series Minor, 61; Napoli: Istituto Universitario Orientale, 2000) 1459-1479.

Ephʿal, I., "The Western Minorities in Babylonia in the 6th-5th Centuries B.C.: Maintenance and Cohesion", Or N.S. 47 (1978) 74-90.

Ephʿal, I., "On the Political and Social Organization of the Jews in Babylonian Exile", in F. Steppat (ed.), XXI. Deutscher Orientalistentag vom 24. bis 29. März 1980 in Berlin, Ausgewählte Vorträge (ZDMGSup 5; Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1983) 106-112.

Fales, F. M., "Remarks on the Neirab Texts", OrAnt 12 (1973) 131-142.

Oelsner, J., "Weitere Bemerkungen zu den Neirab-Urkunden", Altorientalische Forschungen 16 (1989) 68-77.

Timm, S., "Die Bedeutung der spätbabylonischen Texte aus Nērab für die Rückkehr der Judäer aus dem Exil", in M. Weippert – S. Timm (eds.), Meilenstein: Festgabe für Herbert Donner zum 16. Februar 1995 (AAT 30; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1995) 276-288.

Tolini, G., "From Syria to Babylon and Back: The Neirab Archive", in J. Stökl – C. Waerzeggers (eds.), Exile and Return: The Babylonian Context (BZAW 478; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015) 58-93.

5.   Sippar texts

Bloch, Y., "Judeans in Sippar and Susa during the First Century of the Babylonian Exile: Assimilation and Perseverance under Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid Rule", JANEH 1 (2014) 119-172.

Jursa, M., "Kollationen", NABU 2001/4 (décembre) 98-100 (#102).

Jursa, M., "Eine Familie von Königskaufleuten judäischer Herkunft", NABU 2007/2 (juin) 23 (#22).

Roth, M. T., Babylonian Marriage Agreements: 7th–3rd Centuries B.C. (AOAT 222; Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1989), esp. 92-95.

6.   Tablet-collections from Yāḫūdu (Āl-Yāḫūdu) and environs

i)   Editions (partial)

Joannès, F. – A. Lemaire, "Contrats babyloniens d'époque achéménide du Bît-Abî-râm avec une épigraphe araméenne", RA 90 (1996) 41-60.

Joannès, F. – A. Lemaire, "Trois tablettes cunéiformes à onomastique ouest-sémitique (collection Sh. Moussaïeff)", Transeu 17 (1999) 17-34.

Pearce, L. E. – C. Wunsch, Documents of Judean Exiles and West Semites in Babylonia in the Collection of David Sofer (Cornell University Studies in Assyriology and Sumerology, 28; Bethesda, MD: CDL Press – The University Press of Maryland, 2014).

Wunsch, C., Judeans by the Waters of Babylon: New Historical Evidence in Cuneiform Sources from Rural Babylonia in the Schøyen Collection. With Contributions by L. E. Pearce (Babylonische Archiv, 6; Dresden: ISLET, forthcoming).

ii)   Studies

Abraham, K., "West Semitic and Judean Brides in Cuneiform Sources from the Sixth Century BCE: New Evidence from a Marriage Contract from Āl-Yahudu", AfO 51 (2005/2006) 198-219.

Abraham, K., "An Inheritance Division among Judeans in Babylonia from the Early Persian Period", in M. Lubetski (ed.), New Seals and Inscriptions, Hebrew, Idumean, and Cuneiform (Hebrew Bible Monographs, 8; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2007) 206-221.

Abraham, K., "The Reconstruction of Jewish Communities in the Persian Empire: The Āl-Yahūdu Clay Tablets", in Hagai Segev – Asaf Schor (eds.), Light and Shadows: Catalog of the Exhibition 'The Story of Iran and the Jews' (Tel Aviv: Beit Hatfutsot / The Museum of the Jewish People, 2011) 261-265 [English and Hebrew]. Available online here.

Abraham, K., "Negotiating Marriage in Multicultural Babylonia: An Example from the Judean Community in Āl-Yāhūdu", in J. Stökl – C. Waerzeggers (eds.), Exile and Return: The Babylonian Context (BZAW 478; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015) 33-57.

Berlejung, A., "New Life, New Skills and New Friends in Exile: The Loss and Rise of Capitals of the Judeans in Babylonia", in I. Finkelstein – C. Robin – T. Römer (eds.), Alphabets, Texts and Artifacts in the Ancient Near East: Studies Presented to Benjamin Sass (Paris: Van Dieren, 2016) 12-46.

Berlejung, A., "Social Climbing in the Babylonian Exile", in A. Berlejung – A. M. Maeir – A. Schüle (eds.), Wandering Arameans. Arameans Outside Syria: Textual and Archaeological Perspectives (Leipziger altorientalistische Studien, 5; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2017) 101-124.

Berlejung, A., "Social Demarcation Lines and Marriage Rules in Urban Babylonia and Their Impact on the Golah", in I. Shai – J. R. Chadwick – L. Hitchcock – A. Dagan – C. McKinny – J. Uziel (eds.), Tell It in Gath: Studies in the History and Archaeology of Israel. Essays in Honor of Aren M. Maeir on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday (AAT 90; Münster: Zaphon, 2018) 1051-1077.

Berlejung, A., "Forever Foreign? Marriage Rules in Urban Babylonia and their Impact on the Exiles and Returnees", in A. Berlejung – M. Grohmann (eds.), Foreign Women – Women in Foreign Lands: Studies on Foreignness and Gender in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East in the First Millennium BCE (ORA 35; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019) 237-261.

Bloch, Y., "The Contribution of the Babylonian Tablets in the Collection of David Sofer to the Chronology of the Revolts against Darius I," Altorientalische Forschungen 42 (2015) 1-14.

Granerød, G., "Canon and Archive: Yahwism in Elephantine and Āl-Yāḫūdu as a Challenge to the Canonical History of Judean Religion in the Persian Period", JBL 138 (2019) 345-364.

Jursa, M. – R. Zadok, "Judeans and Other West Semites: Another View from the Babylonian Countryside", HeBAI 9 (2020) 20-40.

Kratz, R. G., "»Fossile Überreste des unreformierten Judentums in fernem Lande«? Das Judentum in den Archiven von Elephantine und Al-Yaḫudu", ZAW 132 (2020) 23-39.

Lambert, W. G., "A Document from a Community of Exiles in Babylonia", in M. Lubetski (ed.), New Seals and Inscriptions, Hebrew, Idumean, and Cuneiform (Hebrew Bible Monographs, 8; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2007) 201-205.

Magdalene, F. R. – C. Wunsch, "Slavery between Judah and Babylon: The Exilic Experience", in L. Culbertson (ed.), Slaves and Households in the Near East (Oriental Institute Seminars, 7; Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2011) 113-134.

Pearce, L. E., "New Evidence for Judaeans in Babylonia", in O. Lipschits – M. Oeming (eds.), Judah and the Judaeans in the Persian Period (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006) 399-411.

Pearce, L. E., "'Judean': A Special Status in Neo-Babylonian and Achemenid Babylonia?", in O. Lipschits – G. N. Knoppers – M. Oeming (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Achaemenid Period: Negotiating Identity in an International Context (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011) 267-277.

Pearce, L. E., "Continuity and Normality in Sources Relating to the Judean Exile", HeBAI 3 (2014) 163-184.

Pearce, L. E., "Identifying Judeans and Judean Identity in the Babylonian Evidence", in J. Stökl – C. Waerzeggers (eds.), Exile and Return: The Babylonian Context (BZAW 478; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015) 7-32.

Rom-Shiloni, D. M., "The Untold Stories: Al-Yahūdu and or versus Hebrew Bible Babylonian Compositions", WO 47 (2017) 124-135.

Waerzeggers, C., "Review Article: Laurie E. Pearce and Cornelia Wunsch, Documents of Judean Exiles and West Semites in Babylonia in the Collection of David Sofer, Cornell University Studies in Assyriology and Sumerology (CUSAS) 28", Strata: Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society 33 (2015) 179-194.

Wunsch, C., "Glimpses on the Lives of Deportees in Rural Babylonia", in A. Berlejung – M. P. Streck (eds.), Arameans, Chaldeans, and Arabs in Babylonia and Palestine in the First Millennium B.C. (Leipziger Altorientalistische Studien, 3; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2013) 247-260.

Zadok, R., "Judeans in Babylonia: Updating the Dossier", in U. Gabbay – S. Secunda (eds.), Encounters by the Rivers of Babylon: Scholarly Conversations between Jews, Iranians, and Babylonians in Antiquity (TSAJ 160; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014) 109-129.

Zadok, R., "Notes on the Onomastics from Yahūdu", NABU 2015/3 (septembre) 140-142 (#85).

Zadok, R., "Yamu-iziri the Summoner of Yahūdu and Aramaic Linguistic Interference", NABU 2015/3 (septembre) 142-144 (#86).

II.    Studies on multiple text-groups and overarching topics

Alstola, T., "Judean Merchants in Babylonia and Their Participation in Long Distance Trade", WO 47 (2017) 25-51.

Alstola, T., Judeans in Babylonia: A Study of Deportees in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE (CHANE 109; Leiden: Brill, 2020).

Bickerman, E. J., "The Babylonian Captivity", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume One. Introduction; The Persian Period (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984) 342-358.

Borger, R., "Einige westsemitische Personennamen aus mesopotamischen Quellen", TUAT I (1985: Lief. 1983) 411-418.

Cagni, L., "Le fonti mesopotamiche dei periodi neo-babilonese, achemenide e seleucide (VI-III sec.a.C.)", RivB 34 (1986) 11-53. [RivB 34/1-2 published the essays of: G. L. Prato (ed.), Il mondo ebraico alla luce delle fonti extrabibliche, II: Il periodo postesilico. Atti del 4° Convegno di Studi Veterotestamentari.]

Dandamaev, M. A., "Babylonia in the Persian Age", in W. D. Davies – L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume One. Introduction; The Persian Period (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984) 326-342.

Ephʿal, I., "The Western Minorities in Babylonia in the 6th-5th Centuries B.C.: Maintenance and Cohesion", Or N.S. 47 (1978) 74-90.

Ephʿal, I., "On the Political and Social Organization of the Jews in Babylonian Exile", in F. Steppat (ed.), XXI. Deutscher Orientalistentag vom 24. bis 29. März 1980 in Berlin, Ausgewählte Vorträge (ZDMGSup 5; Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1983) 106-112.

Guevara, M.J., "Judá y los judíos durante el periodo neo-babilonio", EstBib 77 (2019) 243-276.

Hackl, J., "Babylonian Scribal Practices in Rural Contexts: A Linguistic Survey of the Documents of Judean Exiles and West Semites in Babylonia (CUSAS 28 and BaAr 6)", in A. Berlejung – A. M. Maeir – A. Schüle (eds.), Wandering Arameans. Arameans Outside Syria: Textual and Archaeological Perspectives (Leipziger altorientalistische Studien, 5; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2017) 125-140.

Moore, J. D., "Judeans in Elephantine and Babylonia: A Case Study on Rights and Tenancy Status", ZAW 132 (2020) 40-56.

Oded, B., "Observations on the Israelite/Judaean Exiles in Mesopotamia during the Eighth-Sixth Centuries BCE", in K. van Lerberghe – A. Schoors (eds.), Immigration and Emigration Within the Ancient Near East (OLA 65; Leuven: Peeters, 1995) 205-212.

Oded, B., "The Settlements of the Israelite and the Judean Exiles in Mesopotamia in the 8th – 6th Centuries BCE", in G. Galil – M. Weinfeld (eds.), Studies in Historical Geography and Biblical Historiography Presented to Zecharia Kallai (VTSup 81; Leiden: Brill, 2000) 91-103.

Oded, B., "Exile-Homeland Relations during the Exilic Period and Restoration", in M. Heltzer – M. Malul (eds.), Teshûrôt LaAvishur: Studies in the Bible and the Ancient Near East, in Hebrew and Semitic Languages. Festschrift Presented to Prof. Yitzhak Avishur on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (Tel Aviv: Archaeological Center Publication, 2004) 153*-160*.

Oded, B., "'Yet I Have Been to Them למקדשׁ מעט in the Countries Where They Have Gone' (Ezekiel 11:16)", in C. Cohen – A. Hurvitz – S. M. Paul (eds.), Sefer Moshe: The Moshe Weinfeld Jubilee Volume. Studies in the Bible and the Ancient Near East, Qumran, and Post-Biblical Judaism (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2004) 103-114.

Pearce, L. E., "Cuneiform Sources for Judeans in Babylonia in the Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid Periods: An Overview", Religion Compass 10/9 (Sept. 2016) 230-243. (online journal)

Pearce, L. E., "Looking for Judeans in Babylonia's Core and Periphery", in E. Ben Zvi – C. Levin (eds.), Centres and Peripheries in the Early Second Temple Period (FAT 108; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2016) 43-63.

Stökl, J. – C. Waerzeggers (eds.), Exile and Return: The Babylonian Context (BZAW 478; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015).

Stolper, M. W., "8b: Mesopotamia, 482-330 B.C.", in D. M. Lewis – J. Boardman – S. Hornblower – M. Ostwald (eds.), Cambridge Ancient History. Second edition. Vol. VI: The Fourth Century B.C. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994) 234-260.

Waerzeggers, C., "Locating Contact in the Babylonian Exile: Some Reflections on Tracing Judean-Babylonian Encounters in Cuneiform Texts", in U. Gabbay – S. Secunda (eds.), Encounters by the Rivers of Babylon: Scholarly Conversations between Jews, Iranians, and Babylonians in Antiquity (TSAJ 160; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014) 131-146.

Wallis, G., "Jüdische Bürger in Babylonien während der Achämeniden-Zeit", Persica 9 (1980) 129-188.

Zadok, R., On West Semites in Babylonia during the Chaldean and Achaemenian Periods: An Onomastic Study (Jerusalem: Wanaarta, 1977).

Zadok, R., "The Nippur Region during the Late Assyrian, Chaldean and Achaemenian Periods Chiefly according to Written Sources", Israel Oriental Studies 8 (1978) 266-332.

Zadok, R., The Jews in Babylonia during the Chaldean and Achaemenian Periods according to the Babylonian Sources (Studies in the History of the Jewish People and the Land of Israel, Monograph Series, 3; Haifa: The University of Haifa, 1979).

Zadok, R., The Earliest Diaspora: Israelites and Judeans in Pre-Hellenistic Mesopotamia (Publications of the Diaspora Research Institute, 151; Tel Aviv: Diaspora Research Institute, Tel Aviv University, 2002).

Zadok, R., "The Representation of Foreigners in Neo- and Late-Babylonian Legal Documents (Eighth through Second Centuries B.C.E.)", in O. Lipschits – J. Blenkinsopp (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003) 471-589.

Zadok, R., "Israelites, Judeans and Iranians in Mesopotamia and Adjacent Regions", in J. H. Ellens – D. L. Ellens – R. P. Knierim – I. Kalimi (eds.), God's Word for Our World: Theological and Cultural Studies in Honor of Simon John De Vries. Vol. II: Theological and Cultural Studies (JSOTSup 389; London: T&T Clark, 2004) 98-127.

Zadok, R., "Israelites and Judaeans in the Neo-Assyrian Documentation (732-602 B.C.E.): An Overview of the Sources and a Socio-Historical Assessment", BASOR 374 (Nov. 2015) 159-189.

Zadok, R., "West Semitic Groups in the Nippur Region between c. 750 and 330 B.C.E.", in J. Stökl – C. Waerzeggers (eds.), Exile and Return: The Babylonian Context (BZAW 478; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015) 94-156.

Zadok, R., "People from Countries West and North of Babylonia in Babylon during the Reign of Nebuchadnezzar", HeBAI 7 (2018) 112-129.

III.    Online resources

Achemenet.com: Overview [all the Babylonian material available on the site]

Achemenet.com: Egibi archives [633 items: as of 2020-04-15]

Achemenet.com: Murashu archives [773 items: as of 2020-04-15]

WiBiLex article: F. Ede, "Muraschu" [erstellt: Dez. 2018] [see the Useful Links page for information about the WiBiLex]

WiBiLex article: J. Renz, "Babylonien / Babylonier" [erstellt: Okt. 2009]

WiBiLex article: T. Wagner, "Exil / Exilszeit" [erstellt: Mai 2007]