Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



The Book of Judges: General Studies



[see also:  Judges: text-criticism]


Most of the following titles were published after 1960; a few earlier studies have been added to these.


The bibliography is divided into five sections as follows:

I.    General presentations

Abadie, P., Le livre des Juges (Cahiers Évangile, 125; Paris: Service biblique catholique Évangile et Vie / Cerf, 2003); = El libro de los Jueces (Cuaderno Bíblico, 125; Estella [Navarra]: Verbo Divino, 2005).

Becker, U., "Richterbuch", TRE 29 (1998) 194-200.

Boling, R. G., "Judges, Book of", ABD III (1992) 1107-1117.

Cazelles, H., "Juges (le livre des)", DBSup 4 (1949) 1394-1414.

Childs, B. S., Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture (London: SCM; Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1979) 254-262.

Dietrich, W., "Das Richterbuch", in W. Dietrich – H.-P. Mathys – T. Römer – R. Smend, Die Entstehung des Alten Testaments. Neuausgabe (Theologische Wissenschaft, 1; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2014) 206-231.

Gertz, J. C., "Richtererzählungen (Das Richterbuch)", in J. C. Gertz – A. Berlejung – K. Schmid – M. Witte, Grundinformation Altes Testament. Eine Einführung in Literatur, Religion und Geschichte des Alten Testaments. 5. überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage (UTB 2745; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2016) 293-296. English version: "Narratives of the Judges (The Book of Judges)", in J. C. Gertz – A. Berlejung – K. Schmid – M. Witte, T&T Clark Handbook of the Old Testament: An Introduction to the Literature, Religion and History of the Old Testament (London: T & T Clark, 2012) 360-364.

Groß, W., et al., "Judges, Book of", EBR 14 (2017) 1002-1030. Details: I. Hebrew Bible / Old Testament (W. Groß) 1002-1006; II. Judaism (A. M. Davis Bledsoe, Z. Farber, M. Sokolow, J. Rosenbaum) 1006-1015; III. Christianity (S. Gillmayr-Bucher) 1015-1018; IV. Islam (S. R. Burge) 1018-1019; V. Literature (A. Swindell): 1019-1021; VI. Visual Arts (K. Marsengill) 1021-1026; VII. Music (N. H. Petersen) 1026-1028; VIII. Film (R. Burnette-Bletsch) 1028-1030.

Hentschel, G., "Das Buch der Richter", in E. Zenger – C. Frevel, et al., Einleitung in das Alte Testament. 9., aktualisierte Auflage herausgegeben von Christian Frevel (Kohlhammer Studienbücher Theologie, 1,1; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2016) 267-277. For the Italian translation (from the 8th German edition) see here.

Lanoir, C., "Juges", in T. Römer – J.-D. Macchi – C. Nihan (eds.), Introduction à l'Ancien Testament. Seconde édition entièrement révisée et substantiellement augmentée (Le Monde de la Bible, 49; Genève: Labor et Fides, 2009) 345-357. For translations see here.

Mayes, A. D. H., Judges (OT Guides; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985).

Satterthwaite, P. E., "Judges", in B. T. Arnold – H. G. M. Williamson (eds.), Dictionary of the Old Testament: The Historical Books (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2005) 580-591.

Stone, L. G., "Judges, Book of", in B. T. Arnold – H. G. M. Williamson (eds.), Dictionary of the Old Testament: The Historical Books (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2005) 591-606.

Sweeney, M. A., Tanak: A Theological and Critical Introduction to the Jewish Bible (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2012) 193-206.

II.    History of research

Bartelmus, R., "Forschung am Richterbuch seit Martin Noth", TRu 56 (1991) 221-259.

Craig, K. M., Jr., "Judges in Recent Research", CBR 1.2 (April 2003) 159-185.

Frolov, S., "Sleeping with the Enemy: Recent Scholarship on Sexuality in the Book of Judges", CBR 11.3 (June 2013) 308-327.

Jenni, E., "Zwei Jahrzehnte Forschung an den Büchern Josua bis Könige", TRu 27 (1961) 1-32, 97-146 (esp. 129-136).

Murphy, K. J., "Judges in Recent Research", CBR 15.2 (Feb. 2017) 179-213.

Preuß, H. D., "Zum deuteronomistischen Geschichtswerk", TRu 58 (1993) 229-264, 341-395 (esp. 260-264).

Stratton, B. J., "Consider, Take Counsel, and Speak: Re(membering) Women in the Books of Joshua and Judges", in S. Scholz (ed.), Feminist Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Retrospect. Vol. 1: Biblical Books (Recent Research in Biblical Studies, 5; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2013) 80-109.

Taylor, M. A. – C. de Groot (eds.), Women of War, Women of Woe: Joshua and Judges Through the Eyes of Nineteenth-Century Female Biblical Interpreters (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2016).

Veijola, T., "Deuteronomismusforschung zwischen Tradition und Innovation, II: 3. Josua- und Richterbuch", TRu 67 (2002) 391-402. [the three parts of the article appeared in TRu 67 (2002) 273-327, 391-424; TRu 68 (2003) 1-44]

Wazana, N., "The Legacy of Yehezkel Kaufmann's Commentaries to Joshua and Judges", in J. Y. Jindo – B. D. Sommer – T. Staubli (eds.), Yehezkel Kaufmann and the Reinvention of Jewish Biblical Scholarship (OBO 283; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck et Ruprecht, 2017) 180-203.

III.    Multi-author volumes

Brenner, A. (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Judges (Feminist Companion to the Bible, 4; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993).

Brenner, A. (ed.), Judges (A Feminist Companion to the Bible, Second Series, 4; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999).

Brenner, A. – G. A. Yee (eds.), Joshua and Judges (Texts @ Contexts; Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2013).

Dyk, J. W. (ed.), Richteren (ACEBT 19; Maastricht: Shaker Publishing, 2001). [essays in Dutch with summaries in English; table of contents here]

Groß, W. – E. Gaß, Studien zum Richterbuch und seinen Völkernamen (SBAB 54; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2012).

Yee, G. A. (ed.), Judges and Method. New Approaches in Biblical Studies. Second edition (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2007). [first ed. 1995]

IV.    Monographs

Abadie, P., Des héros peu ordinaires: théologie et histoire dans le Livre des Juges (LD 243; Paris: Cerf, 2011); = Insoliti eroi: teologia e storia nel Libro dei giudici (Bologna: Edizioni Dehoniane, 2013).

Ackerman, S., Warrior, Dancer, Seductress, Queen. Women in Judges and Biblical Israel (ABRL; New York: Doubleday, 1998).

Amit, Y., The Book of Judges: The Art of Editing (Biblical Interpretation Series, 38; Leiden: Brill, 1999). Translated from Y. Amit, The Book of Judges: The Art of Editing [Hebr.] (The Biblical Encyclopedia Library, 6; Jerusalem: Bialik Institute, 1992).

Andersson, G., The Book and Its Narratives: A Critical Examination of Some Synchronic Studies of the Book of Judges (Örebro Studies in Literary History and Criticism, 1; Örebro: Universitetsbiblioteket, 2001).

Baker, R., Hollow Men, Strange Women: Riddles, Codes and Otherness in the Book of Judges (Biblical Interpretation Series, 143; Leiden: Brill, 2016).

Becker, U., Richterzeit und Königtum. Redaktionsgeschichtliche Studien zum Richterbuch (BZAW 192; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1990).

Beldman, D. J. H., The Completion of Judges: Strategies of Ending in Judges 17-21 (Siphrut 21; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2017).

Brettler, M. Z., The Book of Judges (Old Testament Readings; London: Routledge, 2002).

Budde, K., Die Bücher Richter und Samuel, ihre Quellen und ihr Aufbau (Giessen: Ricker, 1890). [an expanded version of a series of articles he published in ZAW 1887 and 1888]

Cazeaux, J., Le refus de la guerre sainte: Josué, Juges et Ruth (LD 174; Paris: Cerf, 1998).

Davidson, E. T. A., Intricacy, Design and Cunning in the Book of Judges (Philiadelphia, PA: Xlibris Corporation, 2008).

Eissfeldt, O., Die Quellen des Richterbuches in synoptischer Anordnung ins Deutsche übersetzt samt einer in Einleitung und Noten gegebenen Begründung (Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1925).

Exum, J. C., Fragmented Women: Feminist (Sub)Versions of Biblical Narratives (JSOTSup 163; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press / JSOT Press, 1993). USA edition [same title]: Valley Forge, NJ: Trinity Press International, 1993.

Exum, J. C., Was sagt das Richterbuch den Frauen? (SBS 169; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1997).

Focken, F.-E., Zwischen Landnahme und Königtum: literarkritische und redaktionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zum Anfang und Ende der deuteronomistischen Richtererzählungen (FRLANT 258; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2014).

Frankenberg, W., Die Komposition des deuteronomischen Richterbuchs (Richter II, 6-XVI): nebst einer Kritik von Richter XVII-XXI (Marburg: Elwert, 1895).

Gaß, E., Die Ortsnamen des Richterbuches in historischer und redaktioneller Perspektive (ADPV 35; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2005).

Gillmayr-Bucher, S., Erzählte Welten im Richterbuch. Narratologische Aspekte eines polyfonen Diskurses (Biblical Interpretation Series, 116; Leiden: Brill, 2013).

Guillaume, P., Waiting for Josiah: The Judges (JSOTSup 385; London: T & T Clark International, 2004).

Jost, R., Gender, Sexualität und Macht in der Anthropologie des Richterbuches (BWANT 164 / Folge 9, Heft 4; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2006).

Klein, L. R., The Triumph of Irony in the Book of Judges (JSOTSup 68 / Bible and Literature Series, 14; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1988).

Latvus, K., God, Anger and Ideology: The Anger of God in Joshua and Judges in Relation to Deuteronomy and the Priestly Writings (JSOTSup 279; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998).

O'Connell, R. H., The Rhetoric of the Book of Judges (VTSup 63; Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Polzin, R., Moses and the Deuteronomist: A Literary Study of the Deuteronomic History. Part One: Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges (New York: Seabury Press, 1980), esp. 146-204.

Richter, W., Traditionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zum Richterbuch (BBB 18; Bonn: Hanstein, 1963).

Richter, W., Die Bearbeitungen des 'Retterbuches' in der deuteronomischen Epoche (BBB 21: Bonn: Hanstein, 1964).

Ryan, R., Judges (Readings; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2007).

Schulz, S., Die Anhänge zum Richterbuch: Eine kompositionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung von Ri 17–21 (BZAW 477; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2016).

Simpson, C. A., Composition of the Book of Judges (Oxford: Blackwell, 1957).

Täubler, E., Biblische Studien: die Epoche der Richter. Herausgegeben von Hans-Jürgen Zobel (Tübingen: Mohr, 1958).

Webb, B. G., The Book of Judges: An Integrated Reading (JSOTSup 46; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1987).

Wénin, A. – M. Roman, Echec au roi: l'art de raconter la violence dans le livre des Juges (Le livre et le rouleau, 43; Bruxelles: Lessius, 2013).

Wiener, H. W., The Composition of Judges II,11 to I Kings II,46 (Beiheft der Orientalischen Literaturzeitung; Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1929). Unchanged reprint: (Orientalistische Literaturzeitung, 32 [Beigabe]; Leipzig: Zentralantiquariat der DDR, 1967).

Wiese, K., "Zur Literarkritik des Buches der Richter", in S. Sprank – K. Wiese, Studien zu Ezechiel und dem Buch der Richter (BWANT 40 / Folge 3, Heft 4; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1926). [the two studies have their own pagination]

Wong, G. T. K., The Compositional Strategy of the Book of Judges: An Inductive, Rhetorical Study (VTSup 111; Leiden: Brill, 2006).

V.    Articles and chapters

Alghisi, A., "Il pentimento di Israele nelle sezioni deuteronomistiche del Libro dei Giudici: considerazioni esegetiche e metodologiche", RivB 33 (1985) 3-27.

Alonso Schökel, L., "Erzählkunst im Buche der Richter", Bib 42 (1961) 143-172.

Amit, Y., "The Book of Judges: Fruit of 100 Years of Creativity", JHS volume 9, article 17 (2009) 28-35 [part of a set of contributions to this article 17]. (online here; download directly here)

Amit, Y., "Who Was Interested in the Book of Judges in the Persian-Hellenistic Periods?", in D. V. Edelman (ed.), Deuteronomy – Kings as Emerging Authoritative Books: A Conversation (ANEM 6; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2014) 103-114. The whole volume can be downloaded here.

Auerbach, E., "Untersuchungen zum Richterbuch, I: Die Einwanderung der Israeliten, Jdc 1", ZAW 48 (1930) 286-295.

Auerbach, E., "Untersuchungen zum Richterbuch, II: Ehud", ZAW 51 (1933) 47-51.

Bal, M., "Dealing/With/Women: Daughters in the Book of Judges", in R. M. Schwartz (ed.), The Book and the Text: The Bible and Literary Theory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990) 16-39.

Bartelmus, R., "Menschlicher Mißerfolg und Jahwes Initiative. Beobachtungen zum Geschichtsbild des deuteronomistischen Rahmens im Richterbuch und zum geschichtstheologischen Entwurfs in Ez 20", BN 70 (1993) 28-47.

Beyerlin, W., "Gattung und Herkunft des Rahmens im Richterbuch", in E. Würthwein – O. Kaiser (eds.), Tradition und Situation: Studien zur alttestamentlichen Prophetie: Artur Weiser zum 70. Geburtstag am 18. 11. 1963 dargebracht von Kollegen, Freunden und Schülern (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1963) 1-29.

Bledstein, A. J., "Is Judges a Woman's Satire of Men who Play God?", in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Judges (Feminist Companion to the Bible, 4; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993) 34-54.

Blum, E., "Der kompositionelle Knoten am Übergang von Josua zu Richter. Ein Entflechtungsvorschlag", in M. Vervenne – J. Lust (eds.), Deuteronomy and Deuteronomic Literature: Festschrift C.H.W. Brekelmans (BETL 133; Leuven: Peeters, 1997) 181-212. Reprinted [same title] in E. Blum, Textgestalt und Komposition: exegetische Beiträge zu Tora und Vordere Propheten. Hrsg. von W. Oswald (FAT 69; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010) 249-280.

Boling, R. G., "'In Those Days There Was No King in Israel'", in H. N. Bream – R. D. Heim – C. A. Moore (eds.), A Light unto My Path. Old Testament Studies in Honor of Jacob M. Myers (Gettysburg Theological Studies, 4; Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974) 33-48.

Brettler, M. Z., "The Book of Judges: Literature as Politics", JBL 108 (1989) 395-418.

Brueggemann, W., "Social Criticism and Social Vision in the Deuteronomic Formula of the Judges", in J. Jeremias – L. Perlitt (eds.), Die Botschaft und die Boten. Festschrift für Hans Walter Wolff zum 70. Geburtstag (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1981) 101-114. Reprinted [same title] in W. Brueggemann, A Social Reading of the Old Testament: Prophetic Approaches to Israel's Communal Life. Edited by P. D. Miller (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1994) 74-90. Reprinted again [same title] in W. Brueggemann, Social Criticism and Social Vision in Ancient Israel. Edited by K. C. Hanson (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books / Wipf and Stock, 2016) 1-20.

Butler, T. C., "Joshua-Judges and Postcolonial Criticism", in A. Brenner – G. A. Yee (eds.), Joshua and Judges (Texts @ Contexts; Minneapolis: Fortress, 2013) 27-38.

Cangh, J.-M. van, "Les livres de Josué et des Juges confrontés à l'archéologie récente", RTL 28 (1997) 161-188.

Castelbajac, I. de, "Les Juges d'Israël: une invention du Deutéronomiste?", RHR 221 (2004) 83-97.

Chalcraft, D. J., "Deviance and Legitimate Action in the Book of Judges", in D. J. A. Clines – S. E. Fowl – S. E. Porter (eds.), The Bible in Three Dimensions. Essays in Celebration of Forty Years of Biblical Studies in the University of Sheffield (JSOTSup 87; Sheffield: JSOT, 1990) 177-201.

Driver, G. R., "Problems in Judges Newly Discussed", Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society 4 (1962-1963 [appeared in 1964]) 6-25.

Dumbrell, W. J., "'In Those Days There Was No King in Israel, Every Man Did What Was Right in His Own Eyes'. The Purpose of the Book of Judges Reconsidered", JSOT 25 (1983) 23-33.

Dus, J., "Die 'Sufeten' Israels", ArOr 31 (1963) 444-469.

Exum, J. C., "The Centre Cannot Hold: Thematic and Textual Instabilities in Judges", CBQ 52 (1990) 410-431.

Faiman, D., "Chronology in the Book of Judges", JBQ 21 (1993) 31-40.

Feldman, A., "The Book of Judges in Early Jewish Interpretation: The Contribution of the Dead Sea Scrolls", in G. J. Brooke – A. Feldman, A. (eds.), On Prophets, Warriors, and Kings: Former Prophets Through the Eyes of Their Interpreters (BZAW 470; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2016) 77-94.

Finkelstein, I., "Major Saviors, Minor Judges: The Historical Background of the Northern Accounts in the Book of Judges", JSOT 41.4 (June 2017) 431-449.

Frevel, C., "Das Josua-Palimpsest. Der Übergang vom Josua- zum Richterbuch und seine Konsequenzen für die These eines Deuteronomistischen Geschichtswerks", ZAW 125 (2013) 49-71. Reprinted in C. Frevel, Im Lesen verstehen: Studien zu Theologie und Exegese (BZAW 482; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2017) 105-128.

Fritz, V., "Das »negative Besitzverzeichnis« in Judicum 1", in M. Witte (ed.), Gott und Mensch im Dialog. Festschrift für Otto Kaiser zum 80. Geburtstag (BZAW 345/1; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2004) 375-389.

Frolov, S., "Rethinking Judges", CBQ 71 (2009) 24-41.

Frolov, S., "Dismembering Judges", HS 57 (2016) 423-437.

Frolov, S., "The Rings of the Lord", VT 66 (2016) 15-44.

Gillmayr-Bucher, S., "Framework and Discourse in the Book of Judges", JBL 128 (2009) 687-702.

Gillmayr-Bucher, S., "Images of Tranquility in the Book of Judges", in I. D. Wilson – D. V. Edelman (eds.), History, Memory, Hebrew Scriptures: A Festschrift for Ehud Ben Zvi (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015) 35-47.

Gillmayr-Bucher, S., "Memories Laid to Rest: The Book of Judges in the Persian Period", in D. V. Edelman (ed.), Deuteronomy – Kings as Emerging Authoritative Books: A Conversation (ANEM 6; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2014) 115-132. The whole volume can be downloaded here.

Gooding, D. W., "The Composition of the Book of Judges", in B. A. Levine – A. Malamat (eds.), Harry M. Orlinsky Volume (Eretz-Israel 16; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1982) 70*-79*.

Greenspahn, F. E., "The Theology of the Framework of Judges", VT 36 (1986) 385-396.

Grether, O., "Die Bezeichnung 'Richter' für die charismatischen Helden der vorstaatlichen Zeit", ZAW 57 (1939) 110-121.

Groß, W., "Der Gottesbund im Richterbuch – eine Problemanzeige", in C. Dohmen – C. Frevel (eds.), Für immer verbündet: Studien zur Bundestheologie der Bibel (SBS 211; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2007) 95-102.

Guest, P. D., "Can Judges Survive without Sources? Challenging the Consensus", JSOT 78 (1998) 43-61.

Guillaume, P., "From a Post-Monarchical to a Pre-Monarchical Period of the Judges", BN 113 (2002) 12-17.

Gunn, D. M., "Narrative Patterns and Oral Tradition in Judges and Samuel", VT 24 (1974) 286-317.

Hackett, J. A., "'There Was No King in Israel': The Era of the Judges", in M. D. Coogan (ed.), The Oxford History of the Biblical World (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) 177-218 [= 132-164 in the 2001 paperback edition].

Hauser, A. J., "The 'Minor Judges' – A Re-evaluation", JBL 94 (1975) 190-200.

Hertzberg, H. W., "Die kleinen Richter", TLZ 79 (1954) 285-290.

Ibáñez Arana, A., "El deuteronomismo de los marcos, en el libro de los Jueces", Miscelánea Comillas 41 (1983) 55-65. Reprinted [same title] in A. Vargas Machuca – G. Ruiz (eds.), Palabra y Vida. Homenaje a José Alonso Díaz en su 70 cumpleaños (Madrid: Universidad Pontificia Comillas, 1984) 55-65.

Ishida, T., "The Leaders of the Tribal League 'Israel' in the Pre-Monarchic Period", RB 80 (1973) 96-106.

Ishida, T., "Šōpēṭ: The Leaders of the Tribal Leagues 'Israel' in the Pre-Monarchical Period", in T. Ishida (ed.), History and Historical Writing in Ancient Israel (Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East, 16; Leiden: Brill, 1999) 37-56. [a revised version of the 1973 study above]

Jenni, E., "Vom Zeugnis des Richterbuches", TZ 12 (1956) 257-274.

Kallai, Z., "Joshua and Judges 1 in Biblical Historiography", in Z. Kallai, Biblical Historiography and Historical Geography. Collection of Studies (BEATAJ 44; Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1998) 243-260.

Kaswalder, P., "I Giudici di Israele", LASBF 41 (1991) 9-40.

Knauf, E. A., "History in Judges", in L. L. Grabbe (ed.), Israel in Transition: From Late Bronze II to Iron IIa (c. 1250–850 B.C.E.). Volume 2: The Texts (LHB/OTS 521; European Seminar on Historical Methodology, 8; London & New York, T & T Clark, 2010) 140-149.

Lemche, N. P., "The Judges – Once More", BN 20 (1983) 47-55.

Levin, C., "Is Ehud also among the Prophets? Prophecy in the Book of Judges", in I. D. Wilson – D. V. Edelman (eds.), History, Memory, Hebrew Scriptures: A Festschrift for Ehud Ben Zvi (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015) 387-402.

Master, D. M., "Israelite Settlement at the Margins of the Northern Hill Country: Connections to Joshua and Judges from Tell Dothan", in R. S. Hess – G. A. Klingbeil – P. J. Ray, Jr. (eds.), Critical Issues in Early Israelite History (Bulletin for Biblical Research Supplement, 3; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2008) 181-189.

Mayes, A. D. H., "Deuteronomistic Editing of Judges", in his The Story of Israel between Settlement and Exile. A Redactional Study of the Deuteronomistic History (London: SCM, 1983) 58-80 with notes on 160-165.

Mullen, E. T., "The 'Minor Judges': Some Literary and Historical Considerations", CBQ 44 (1982) 185-201.

Nel, P. J., "Character in the Book of Judges", OTE 8 (1995) 191-204.

Nel, P. J., "From Violence to Anarchy: Plot and Character in Judges", in K.-D. Schunck – M. Augustin (eds.), "Lasset uns Brücken bauen...". Collected Communications to the XVth Congress of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament, Cambridge 1995 (BEATAJ 42; Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1998) 125-133.

Nelson, R. D., "Ideology, Geography and the List of Minor Judges", JSOT 31.3 (Mar. 2007) 347-364.

Niditch, S., "Judges, Kingship, and Political Ethics: A Challenge to the Conventional Wisdom", in J. J. Ahn – S. L. Cook (eds.), Thus Says the Lord: Essays on the Former and Latter Prophets in Honor of Robert R. Wilson (LHB/OTS 502; New York & London: T & T Clark, 2009) 59-70.

Noth, M., "Das Amt des Richters Israels", in W. Baumgartner – O. Eissfeldt – K. Elliger – L. Rost (eds.), Festschrift Alfred Bertholet zum 80. Geburtstag gewidmet von Kollgen und Freunden (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1950) 404-417. Reprinted in M. Noth, Gesammelte Studien zum Alten Testament, II. Mit einem Nachruf von Rudolf Smend und der von Hermann Schult zusammengestellten Bibliographie, herausgegeben von Hans Walter Wolff (TB 39; München: Kaiser, 1969) 71-85.

O'Brien, M., "Judges and the Deuteronomistic History", in S. L. McKenzie – M. P. Graham (eds.), The History of Israel's Traditions. The Heritage of Martin Noth (JSOTSup 182; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994) 235-259.

Pfeiffer, H., "»Retterbuch« und Richterbuch", ZAW 127 (2015) 429-439.

Richter, W., "Zu den 'Richtern Israels'", ZAW 77 (1965) 40-72.

Rozenburg, M. S., "The Šōfet­îm in the Bible", in B. Mazar (ed.), Nelson Glueck Memorial Volume (Eretz-Israel 12; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society in cooperation with the Hebrew Union College / Jewish Institute of Religion, 1975) 77*-86*.

Rösel, H. N., "Die 'Richter Israels': Rückblick und neuer Ansatz", BZ NF 25 (1981) 180-203.

Scherer, A., "Die 'kleinen' Richter und ihre Funktion", ZAW 119 (2007) 190-200.

Schlauri, I., "Wolfgang Richters Beitrag zur Redaktionsgeschichte des Richterbuches", Bib 54 (1973) 367-403.

Schunck, K. D., "Die Richter Israels und ihr Amt", in P. A. H. de Boer (ed.), Volume du Congrès International pour l'étude de l'Ancien Testament, Genève 1965 (VTSup 15; Leiden: Brill, 1966) 252-262.

Spronk, K., "From Joshua to Samuel: Some Remarks on the Origin of the Book of Judges", in J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten – J. C. de Vos (eds.), The Land of Israel in Bible, History, and Theology. Studies in Honour of Ed Noort (VTSup 124; Leiden: Brill, 2009) 137-149.

Spronk, K., "The Book of Judges on Kingship and the Greek peri basileias Literature", in M. Oeming – P. Sláma (eds.), A King Like All the Nations? Kingdoms of Israel and Judah in the Bible and History (Beiträge zum Verstehen der Bibel, 28; Zürich: Lit, 2015) 119-126.

Swanson, K. A., "Judges as a Parody of Leadership in the Persian Period", in J. L. Berquist – A. Hunt (eds.), Focusing Biblical Studies: The Crucial Nature of the Persian and Hellenistic Periods: Essays in Honor of Douglas A. Knight (LHB/OTS 544; London: T & T Clark, 2012) 92-106.

Sweeney, M. A., "Davidic Polemics in the Book of Judges", VT 47 (1997) 517-529.

Sweeney, M. A., King Josiah of Judah. The Lost Messiah of Israel (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), esp. 110-124.

Tollington, J. E., "The Book of Judges: The Result of Post-Exilic Exegesis?", in J.C. de Moor (ed.), Intertextuality in Ugarit and Israel: Papers Read at the Tenth Joint Meeting of The Society for Old Testament Study and Het Oudtestamentisch Werkgezelschap in Nederland en België Held at Oxford, 1997 (OTS 40; Leiden: Brill, 1998) 186-196.

Uffenheimer, B., Early Prophecy in Israel (Publications of the Perry Foundation for Biblical Research in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 1999) 504-514 (Appendix I: "The Redaction of the Book of Judges").

Viganò, L., "Judges at Ebla", LASBF 41 (1991) 303-310.

Vischer, W., Das Christuszeugnis des Alten Testaments. Teil 2: Die Propheten. Band 1: Die früheren Propheten. 2. Auflage (Zollikon: Evangelischer Verlag, 1946), esp. 65-144. [first ed.: Zürich: Evangelischer Verlag A.G. Zollikon, 1942]

Washburn, D. L., "The Chronology of Judges: Another Look", BSac 147 (1990) 414-425.

Way, K. C., "The Literary Structure of Judges Revisited: Judges as a Ring Composition", in B. T. Arnold – N. Erickson – J. H. Walton (eds.), Windows to the Ancient World of the Hebrew Bible: Essays in Honor of Samuel Greengus (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2014) 247-260.

Weisman, Z., "Charismatic Leadership and the Era of the Judges" [Hebr.], Tarbiẕ 45 (1975-1976) 1-14, with Eng. summary on p. I.

Williams, J. G., "The Structure of Judges 2.6-16.31", JSOT 49 (1991) 77-86.

Younger, K. L., "The Configuring of Judicial Preliminaries: Judges 1.1-2.5 and its Dependence on the Book of Joshua", JSOT 68 (1995) 75-92.