Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Israel's Origins in the Land: General Studies



[see also:  Israel's origins: archaeological studies, Merneptah's Stele, and Minimalists or revisionists]



The bibliography is divided into two sections as follows:

I.    Surveys of research and methodological discussions

Bartlett, J. R., "Between Scylla and Charybdis: The Problem of Israelite Historiography", in C. McCarthy – J. Healey (eds.), Biblical and Near Eastern Essays. Studies in Honour of Kevin J. Cathcart (JSOTSup 375; London: T & T Clark International, 2004) 180-194.

Dever, W. G., "Revisionist Israel Revisited: A Rejoinder to Niels Peter Lemche", CR:BS 4 (1996) 35-50. [reply to N. P. Lemche 1996]

Dever, W. G., "Save Us from Postmodern Malarkey", BAR 26.2 (Mar.-Apr. 2000) 28-35, 68. [reply to P. R. Davies 2000]

Dijkstra, M., "Origins of Israel between History and Ideology", in B. Becking – L. L. Grabbe (eds.), Between Evidence and Ideology: Essays on the History of Ancient Israel Read at the Joint Meeting of the Society for Old Testament Study and the Oud Testamentisch Werkgezelschap, Lincoln, July 2009 (OTS 59; Leiden: Brill, 2011) 41-82.

Faust, A., "The Emergence of Israel and Theories of Ethnogenesis", in S. Niditch (ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Ancient Israel (Wiley Blackwell Companions to Religion; Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2016) 155-173.

Henige, D., "Deciduous, Perennial or Evergreen? The Choices in the Debate over 'Early Israel'", JSOT 27.1 (Sept. 2003) 387-412. [see Provan 2003 below for a response to this article]

Hess, R. S., "Early Israel in Canaan: A Survey of Recent Evidence and Interpretations", PEQ 125 (1993) 125-142.

Hurvitz, A., "The Historical Quest for Ancient Israel and the Linguistic Evidence of the Hebrew Bible: Some Methodological Observations", VT 47 (1997) 301-315.

Krüger, T., "Theoretische und methodische Probleme der Geschichte des alten Israel in der neueren Diskussion", VF 53 (2008) 4-22.

Mazani, P., "The Appearance of Israel in Canaan in Recent Scholarship", in R. S. Hess – G. A. Klingbeil – P. J. Ray, Jr. (eds.), Critical Issues in Early Israelite History (BBRSup 3; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2008) 95-109.

McDermott, J. M., What Are They Saying About the Formation of Israel? (New York: Paulist Press, 1998).

Millard, A. R., "The Value and Limitations of the Bible and Archaeology", in D. I. Block (ed.), Israel: Ancient Kingdom or Late Invention? (Nashville, TN: B&H Academic Group, 2008) 9-24.

Miller, J. C., "Ethnicity and the Hebrew Bible: Problems and Prospects", CBR 6.2 (Feb. 2008) 170-213.

Miller, R. D., "Yahweh and His Clio: Critical Theory and the Historical Criticism of the Hebrew Bible", CBR 4.2 (Feb. 2006) 149-168.

Nápole, G., "Los orígenes del Israel bíblico. Una cuestión abierta", Revista Bíblica 62 (2000) 33-65.

Nápole, G. M., "La historia del 'Israel bíblico': Cuestiones disputadas", Revista Bíblica 64 (2002) 69-87.

Noël, D., Les origines d'Israël (Cahiers Evangile, 99; Paris: Service biblique Évangile et Vie / Cerf, 1997).

Noort, E., "Klio und die Welt des Alten Testaments. Überlegungen zur Benutzung literarischer und feldarchäologischer Quellen bei der Darstellung einer Geschichte Israels", in D. R. Daniels – U. Gleßner – M. Rösel (eds.), Ernten, was man sät. Festschrift für Klaus Koch zu seinem 65. Geburtstag (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1991) 533-560.

Ottoson, M., "Ideology, History and Archaeology in the Old Testament", SJOT 8 (1994) 206-223.

Page, H. R., Jr., "Myth, Meta-Narrative, and Historical Reconstruction – Rethinking the Nature of Scholarship on Israelite Origins", in P. W. Flint – E. Tov – J. C. VanderKam (eds.), Studies in the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, and the Septuagint Presented to Eugene Ulrich (VTSup 101; Leiden: Brill, 2006) 1-20.

Provan, I. W., "Ideologies, Literary and Critical: Reflections on Recent Writing on the History of Israel", JBL 114 (1995) 585-606.

Provan, I., "Pyrrhon, Pyrrhus and the Possibility of the Past. A Response to David Henige", JSOT 27.4 (June 2003) 413-438. [see s.v. Henige above]

Schoors, A., "The Israelite Conquest: Textual Evidence in the Archaeological Argument", in E. Lipiński (ed.), The Land of Israel: Cross-Roads of Civilizations. Proceedings of the Conference held at Brussels from the 3th [sic] to the 5th of December 1984 to mark the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Institute of Archaeology Queen Elisabeth of Belgium at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem: In Memory of Prof. Y. Yadin and Prof. Ch. Perelman (OLA 19; Leuven: Peeters, 1985) 77-92.

Soggin, J. A., "Le origini d'Israele – problema per lo storiografo?", in J. A. Soggin, et al., Le origini di Israele: Convegno sul tema, Roma 10-11 febbraio 1986 (Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 1987) 5-14.

Varo, F., "El marco histórico del Antiguo Testamento", Scripta Theologica 27 (1995) 751-788.

Vaughn, A. G., "Can We Write a History of Israel Today?", in J. Hoffmeier – A. Millard (eds.), The Future of Biblical Archaeology: Reassessing Methodologies and Assumptions. The Proceedings of a Symposium, August 12-14, 2001 at Trinity International University (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004) 368-385.

Weippert, M. – H. Weippert, "Die Vorgeschichte Israels in neuem Licht", TRu 56 (1991) 341-390.

Zevit, Z., "Three Debates about Bible and Archaeology", Bib 83 (2002) 1-27.

II.    Various models of understanding the origins of Israel

1.   Pre-1970 (a small selection)

Alt, A., Die Landnahme der Israeliten in Palästina: Territorialgeschichtliche Studien. Sonderabdruck aus dem Reformationsprogramm der Universität Leipzig 1925 (Leipzig: Werkgemeinschaft Leipzig, 1925). Reprinted in A. Alt, Kleine Schriften zur Geschichte des Volkes Israel I (München: Beck, 1953) 89-125; = "The Settlement of the Israelites in Palestine", in A. Alt, Essays on Old Testament History and Religion (Oxford: Blackwell, 1966) 133-169 [= 175-221 in the American edition (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1968)].

Alt, A., "Erwägungen über die Landnahme der Israeliten in Palästina", Palästina Jahrbuch 35 (1939) 8-63; reprinted in A. Alt, Kleine Schriften zur Geschichte des Volkes Israel I (München: Beck, 1953) 126-175.

Bright, J., Early Israel in Recent Historical Writing: A Study in Method (SBT I/19; London: SCM, 1956); = Altisrael in der neueren Geschichtsschreibung: eine methodologische Studie (ATANT 40; Zürich: Zwingli-Verlag, 1961).

Kaufmann, Y., The Biblical Account of the Conquest of Palestine. Translated from the Hebrew manuscript by M. Daugt (Jerusalem: The Hebrew University, 1953).

Mendenhall, G. E., "The Hebrew Conquest of Palestine", BA 25 (1962) 66-87. Reprinted in E. F. Campbell, Jr. – D. N. Freedman (eds.), The Biblical Archaeologist Reader, Vol. III (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1970) 100-120.

Weippert, M., Die Landnahme der israelitischen Stämme in der neueren wissenschaftlichen Diskussion (FRLANT 92; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1967); = The Settlement of the Israelite Tribes in Palestine. A Critical Survey of Recent Scholarly Debate (SBT II/21; London: SCM, 1971).

2.   From 1970 onwards

Aḥituv, S. – E. D. Oren (eds.), The Origin of Early Israel – Current Debate: Biblical, Historical, and Archaeological Perspectives. Irene Levi-Sala Seminar, 1997 (Beer-Sheva, 12; Beer-Sheva: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Press, 1998).

Arata Mantovani, P., "La 'conquista' di Israele", RivB 36 (1988) 47-60.

Barbaglia, S., "'Har Karkom' interroga l'esegesi e la teologia: un primo bilancio della ricezione dell'ipotesi di E. Anati nei dibattiti sulle origini di Israele", LASBF 61 (2011) 499-517.

Bekkum, K. van, From Conquest to Coexistence: Ideology and Antiquarian Intent in the Historiography of Israel's Settlement in Canaan (CHANE 45; Leiden: Brill, 2011).

Benz, B. C., The Land Before the Kingdom of Israel: A History of the Southern Levant and the People Who Populated It (History, Archaeology, and Culture of the Levant, 7; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2016).

Block, D. I. (ed.), Israel: Ancient Kingdom or Late Invention? (Nashville, TN: B&H Academic Group, 2008).

Boer, R. (ed.), Tracking "The Tribes of Yahweh": On the Trail of a Classic (JSOTSup 351; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002).

Boschi, B. G., Le origini di Israele nella Bibbia fra storia e teologia. La questione del metodo e la sfida storiografica (Supplementi alla Rivista biblica, 20; Bologna: Edizioni Dehoniane, 1989).

Brett, M. G., "Israel's Indigenous Origins: Cultural Hybridity and the Formation of Israelite Ethnicity", BibInt 11 (2003) 400-412.

Briend, J. – O. Artus – D. Noël, Dossier: Archéologie, Bible, Histoire (Cahiers Évangile, 131; Paris: Service biblique catholique Évangile et Vie / Cerf, 2005).

Cangh, J.-M. van, "Les origines d'Israël et de la foi monothéiste. Apports de l'archéologie et de la critique littéraire", RTL 22 (1991) 305-326, 457-487.

Cazelles, H., "Populations et mouvements de peuples dans la Palestine du IIe millénaire avant J.C.", in H. Cazelles, Autour de l'Exode (Études) (Sources Bibliques; Paris: Gabalda, 1987) 99-111.

Chaney, M. L. , "Ancient Palestinian Peasant Movements and the Formation of Premonarchic Israel", in D. N. Freedman – D. F. Graf (eds.), Palestine in Transition: The Emergence of Ancient Israel (The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, 2; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1983) 39-90. Reprinted in M. L. Chaney, Peasants, Prophets, & Political Economy: The Hebrew Bible and Social Analysis (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2017) 1-50.

Coote, R. B. – K. W. Whitelam, "The Emergence of Israel: Social Transformation and State Formation Following the Decline in Late Bronze Age Trade", Semeia 37 (1986) 107-147.

Coote, R. B. – K. W. Whitelam, The Emergence of Early Israel in Historical Perspective (The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, 5; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1987). Reprinted with a new preface by Whitelam: R. B. Coote – K. W. Whitelam, The Emergence of Early Israel in Historical Perspective (Social World of Biblical Antiquity, I/5; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2010).

Coote, R. B., Early Israel. A New Horizon (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990).

Coote, R. B., "The Emergence of Israel Again", in J. G. Crossley – J. West (eds.), History, Politics and the Bible from the Iron Age to the Media Age (LHB/OTS 651; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016) 19-40.

Cross, F. M., Jr., "Reuben, First Born of Jacob", ZAW 100 (1988) Supplement: 46-65. Revised and expanded version: "Reuben, the Firstborn of Jacob: Sacral Traditions and Early Israelite History," in F. M. Cross, From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998) 53-70.

Davies, G. I., "Genesis and the Early History of Israel: A Survey of Research", in A. Wénin (ed.), Studies in the Book of Genesis: Literature, Redaction and History (BETL 155; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2001) 105-134.

Dever, W. G., "Earliest Israel: God's Warriors, Revolting Peasants or Nomadic Hordes?", in J. Aviram – S. Gitin – A. Mazar – N. Na’aman – E. Stern – S. Zuckerman (eds.), Amnon Ben-Tor Volume (Eretz-Israel 30; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 2011) 4*-12*.

Dijkstra, M., "Origins of Israel Between History and Ideology", in B. Becking – L. L. Grabbe (eds.), Between Evidence and Ideology: Essays on the History of Ancient Israel Read at the Joint Meeting of the Society for Old Testament Study and the Oud Testamentisch Werkgezelschap, Lincoln, July 2009 (OTS 59; Leiden: Brill, 2011) 41-82.

Dijkstra, M., "Canaan in the Transition from the Late Bronze to the Early Iron Age from an Egyptian Perspective", in L. L. Grabbe (ed.), The Land of Canaan in the Late Bronze Age (LHB/OTS 636; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017) 59-89.

Dus, J., Israelitische Vorfahren – Vasallen palästinischer Stadtstaaten? Revisionsbedürftigkeit der Landnahmehypothese von Albrecht Alt (EHS 23/404; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1991).

Fleming, D. E., The Legacy of Israel in Judah's Bible: History, Politics, and the Reinscribing of Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Flesher, P. V. M., "Looking for the Israelites: The Evidence of the Biblical Text", in J. Ebeling – J. E. Wright – M. Elliott – P. V. M. Flesher (eds.), The Old Testament in Archaeology and History (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2017) 299-316.

Frendo, A. J., "Back to Basics: A Holistic Approach to the Problem of the Emergence of Ancient Israel", in J. Day (ed.), In Search of Pre-Exilic Israel. Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar (JSOTSup 406; London: T & T Clark International, 2004) 41-64.

Fritz, V., "Die Landnahme der israelitischen Stämme in Kanaan", ZDPV 106 (1990) 63-77.

Fritz, V., Die Entstehung Israels im 12. und 11. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Biblische Enzyklopädie, 2; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1996); = The Emergence of Israel in the Twelfth and Eleventh Centuries B.C.E. (SBL Biblical Encyclopedia, 2; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2011).

Gnuse, R., "Israelite Settlement of Canaan: A Peaceful Internal Process", BTB 21 (1991) 56-66, 109-117.

Gottwald, N. K., The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, 1250-1050 B.C.E. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1979 / London: SCM, 1980). Reprinted under the same title, but with a new Epilogue and additional bibliography, in the series: The Biblical Seminar, 66; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999. Brazilian-Portuguese version: As Tribos de Iahweh. Uma Sociologia da Religião de Israel Liberto, 1250-1050 a.C. (São Paulo: Paulus, 1986).

Gottwald, N. K., "The Israelite Settlement as a Social Revolutionary Movement", in J. Amitai (ed.), Biblical Archaeology Today, Proceedings of the International Congress on Biblical Archaeology, Jerusalem, April 1984 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1985) 34-46.

Gottwald, N. K., "Triumphalist and Anti-Triumphalist Versions of Early Israel: A Response to Articles by Lemche and Dever in Volume 4 (1996)", CR:BS 5 (1997) 15-42. [see Dever in Section I above, and Lemche here]

Gottwald, N. K., "Rethinking the Origins of Ancient Israel", in D. M. Gunn – P. M. McNutt (eds.), 'Imagining' Biblical Worlds: Studies in Spatial, Social and Historical Constructs in Honor of James W. Flanagan (JSOTSup 359; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002) 190-201.

Grabbe, L. L. (ed.), Israel in Transition: From Late Bronze II to Iron IIa (c. 1250–850 B.C.E.). Volume 2: The Texts (LHB/OTS 521; European Seminar on Historical Methodology, 8; London & New York: T & T Clark, 2010). [for vol. 1 see here]

Grabbe, L. L., "From Merneptah to Shoshenq: If We Had Only the Bible...", in L. L. Grabbe (ed.), Israel in Transition: From Late Bronze II to Iron IIa (c. 1250–850 B.C.E.). Volume 2: The Texts (LHB/OTS 521; European Seminar on Historical Methodology, 8; London & New York, T & T Clark, 2010) 62-129.

Grabbe, L. L., Ancient Israel: What Do We Know and How Do We Know It? Revised edition (London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017). First edition: London & New York: T & T Clark International, 2007.

Hawkins, R. K., How Israel Became a People (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 2013).

Herrmann, S., "Basic Factors of Israelite Settlement in Canaan", in J. Amitai (ed.), Biblical Archaeology Today, Proceedings of the International Congress on Biblical Archaeology, Jerusalem, April 1984 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1985) 47-53.

Herrmann, S., "Israels Frühgeschichte im Spannungsfeld neuer Hypothesen", in Studien zur Ethnogenese, Band 2 (Abhandlungen der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 78; Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1988) 43-95. Reprinted [same title] in S. Herrmann, Geschichte und Prophetie. Kleine Schriften zum Alten Testament. Herausgegeben von R. Liwak und W. Thiel (BWANT 157; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2002) 11-65.

Hess, R. S., "Fallacies in the Study of Early Israel: An Onomastic Perspective", TynBul 45 (1994) 339-354.

Hess, R. S. – G. A. Klingbeil – P. J. Ray, Jr. (eds.), Critical Issues in Early Israelite History (BBRSup 3; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2008).

Israel, F., "La conquête de Canaan: observations d'un philologue", in L. Nehmé (ed.), Guerre et conquête dans le Proche-Orient ancien. Actes de la table ronde du 14 novembre 1998 organisée par l'URA 1062, "Études Sémitiques" (Antiquités sémitiques, 4; Paris: Maisonneuve, 1999) 63-77.

Kaiser, O., Glaube und Geschichte im Alten Testament: Das neue Bild der Vor- und Frühgeschichte Israels und das Problem der Heilsgeschichte (BThSt 150; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Theologie, 2014).

Kallai, Z., "The Beginnings of Israel: A Methodological Working Hypothesis", IEJ 59 (2009) 194-203.

Kempinski, A., "How Profoundly Canaanized Were the Early Israelites?", ZDPV 108 (1992) 1-7.

Kitchen, K. A., On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003).

Knauf, E. A., "The Impact of the Late Bronze III Period on the Origins of Israel", in L. L. Grabbe (ed.), The Land of Canaan in the Late Bronze Age (LHB/OTS 636; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017) 125-132.

Kreuzer, S., "Vom Bauernkrieg zum Revolutionsmodell: Max Weber, George E. Mendenhall und das sogenannte Revolutionsmodell für die 'Landnahme' Israels", in P. Mommer – W. Thiel (eds.), Altes Testament – Forschung und Wirkung. Festschrift für Henning Graf Reventlow (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1994) 283-305. Reprinted in S. Kreuzer, Geschichte, Sprache und Text: Studien zum Alten Testament und seiner Umwelt (BZAW 479; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015) 83-105.

Krüger, T., "Theoretische und methodische Probleme der Geschichte des alten Israel in der neueren Diskussion", VF 53 (2008) 4-22.

Laperrousaz, E.-M. (ed.), La protohistoire d'Israël: de l'exode à la monarchie (Paris: Cerf, 1990)

Lemaire, A., "Deux origines d'Israël: la montagne d'Ephraïm et le territoire de Manassé", in E.-M. Laperrousaz (ed.), La protohistoire d'Israël: de l'exode à la monarchie (Paris: Cerf, 1990) 183-292.

Lemaire, A., "La montagne de Juda", in E.-M. Laperrousaz (ed.), La protohistoire d'Israël: de l'exode à la monarchie (Paris: Cerf, 1990) 293-298.

Lemche, N. P., "Israel, History of: Premonarchic Period", ABD III (1992) 526-545.

Liverani, M., "Le «origini» di Israele: progetto irrealizzabile di ricerca etnogenetica", RivB 28 (1980) 9-31.

Liverani, M., "Nuovi sviluppi nello studio della storia dell'Israele biblico", Bib 80 (1999) 488-505.

Liverani, M. (ed.), Convegno internazionale: Recenti tendenze nella ricostruzione della storia antica d'Israele (Roma, 6-7 marzo 2003) (Contributi del Centro Linceo Interdisciplinare «Beniamino Segre», 110; Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 2005).

Long, V. P. – D. W. Baker – G. J. Wenham (eds.), Windows into Old Testament History: Evidence, Argument, and the Crisis of "Biblical Israel" (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2002).

Machinist, P., "Outsiders or Insiders. The Biblical View of Emergent Israel and its Contexts", in L. J. Silberstein – R. L. Cohn (eds.), The Other in Jewish Thought and History. Constructions of Jewish Culture and Identity (New York: New York University Press, 1994) 35-60.

Malamat, A., "Israelite Conduct of War in the Conquest of Canaan", in F. M. Cross (ed.), Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American Schools of Oriental Research (1900-1975) (Zion Research Foundations. Occasional Publications, 1-2; Cambridge, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1979) 35-55.

Malamat, A., "Die Eroberung Kanaans: die israelitische Kriegsführung nach der biblischen Religion", in G. Strecker (ed.), Das Land Israel in biblischer Zeit. Jerusalem-Symposium 1981 der Hebräischen Universität und der Georg-August-Universität. Mit einem Vorwort von Norbert Kamp (Göttinger Theologische Arbeiten, 25; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1983) 7-32.

Miller, J. C., "Ethnicity and the Hebrew Bible: Problems and Prospects", CBR 6.2 (2008) 170-213.

Moore, M. B. – B. E. Kelle, Biblical History and Israel's Past: The Changing Study of the Bible and History (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2011).

Na’aman, Nadav, "The 'Conquest of Canaan' in the Book of Joshua and in History", in I. Finkelstein – N. Na’aman (eds.), From Nomadism to Monarchy. Archaeological and Historical Aspects of Early Israel (Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi / Israel Exploration Society; Washington, DC: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1994) 218-281.

Pfoh, E., "¿Cuándo comienza la historia de Israel en la antigua Palestina? Apuntes para una discusión", Historiae 12 (2015) 1-13.

Rainey, A. F., "Whence Came the Israelites and Their Language?", IEJ 57 (2007) 41-64.

Rösel, H. N., Israel in Kanaan. Zum Problem der Entstehung Israels (BEATAJ 11; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1992).

Schniedewind, W. M., "The Legacy of the New Kingdom in Early Israel", in H. Amstutz – A. Dorn – M. Müller – M. Ronsdorf – S. Uljas (eds.), Fuzzy Boundaries: Festschrift für Antonio Loprieno (Hamburg: Widmaier, 2015) 759-765.

Shanks, H. – W. G. Dever – B. Halpern – P. K. McCarter, The Rise of Ancient Israel (Washington, DC: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1992).

Sharon, I., "Demographic Aspects of the Problem of the Israelite Settlement", in L. M. Hopfe (ed.), Uncovering Ancient Stones. Essays in Memory of H. Neil Richardson (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1994) 119-134.

Sicre, J. L., "Los origenes de Israel. Cinco respuestas a un enigma histórico", EstBib 46 (1988) 421-456.

Ska, J. L., La Parola di Dio nei racconti degli uomini (Orizzonti biblici; Assisi: Cittadella Editrice, 1999); = Les Énigmes du passé. Histoire d'Israël et récit biblique (Le livre et le rouleau, 14: Bruxelles: Éditions Lessius, 2001).

Soggin, J. A., et al., Le origini di Israele: Convegno sul tema, Roma 10-11 febbraio 1986 (Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 1987).

Soggin, J. A., "Gedanken zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte Israels und Judas", in H. Obst (ed.), Überlieferung und Geschichte, Gerhard Wallis zum 65. Geburtstag am 15. Januar 1990 (Wissenschaftliche Beiträge der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg 1990/38 [Reihe A, 125]; Halle [Saale]: Martin-Luther-Universität, 1990) 83-92.

Soggin, J. A., "Gedanken zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte Altisraels und -Judas", in M. Mori – H. Ogawa – M. Yoshikawa (eds.), Near Eastern Studies dedicated to H.I.H. Prince Takahito Mikasa on the Occasion of his Seventy-Fifth Birthday (Bulletin of the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan, 5; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1991) 383-392.

Velázquez, E., "The Persian Period and the Origins of Israel: Beyond the 'Myths'", in R. S. Hess – G. A. Klingbeil – P. J. Ray, Jr. (eds.), Critical Issues in Early Israelite History (BBRSup 3; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2008) 61-76.

Weippert, M., "Canaan, Conquest and Settlement of", IDBSup (1976) 125-130.

Weippert, M., "The Israelite 'Conquest' and the Evidence from Transjordan", in F. M. Cross (ed.), Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American Schools of Oriental Research (1900-1975) (Zion Research Foundations. Occasional Publications, 1-2; Cambridge, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1979) 15-34.

Wiener, M. H., "Dating the Emergence of Historical Israel in Light of Recent Developments in Egyptian Chronology", TA 41 (2014) 50-54.

Williamson, H. G. M., "The Origins of Israel: Can We Safely Ignore The Bible?", in S. Aḥituv – E. D. Oren (eds.), The Origin of Early Israel – Current Debate: Biblical, Historical, and Archaeological Perspectives. Irene Levi-Sala Seminar, 1997 (Beer-Sheva, 12; Beer-Sheva: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Press, 1998) 141-151.