Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Canaanites in Egypt in the Second Millennium,
especially the Hyksos kings in the Second Intermediate Period



[see also:  Egypt and Canaan and  "Israel" in Egypt]



Alt, A., Die Herkunft der Hyksos in neuer Sicht (Berichte über die Verhandlungen der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. Philologisch-Historische Klasse, Bd. 101, Heft 6; Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1954).

Arnold, D., "Image and Identity: Egypt's Eastern Neighbours, East Delta People and the Hyksos", in M. Marée (ed.), The Second Intermediate Period (Thirteenth–Seventeenth Dynasties): Current Research, Future Prospects (OLA 192; Leuven: Peeters, 2010) 183-221.

Beckerath, J. von, Untersuchungen zur politischen Geschichte der Zweiten Zwischenzeit in Ägypten (Ägyptologische Forschungen, 23; Glückstadt: J.J. Augustin, 1964).

Ben-Tor, D., Scarabs, Chronology, and Interconnections: Egypt and Palestine in the Second Intermediate Period (OBO 27; Freiburg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2007).

Bietak, M., Trade, Power and Cultural Exchange: Hyksos Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World 1800-1500 B.C. International Symposium at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, November 3, 1993 (Ägypten und Levante, 5; Wien: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1995). [for a summary of the discussions see the paper of M. Wiener, noted below.]

Bietak, M., Avaris: The Capital of the Hyksos (London: British Museum Press, 1996).

Bietak, M., "Avaris, Capital of the Hyksos Kingdom: New Results of Excavations", in E. D. Oren (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997) 87-139.

Bietak, M., "The Predecessors of the Hyksos", in S. Gitin – J. E. Wright – J. P. Dessel (eds.), Confronting the Past. Archaeological and Historical Essays on Ancient Israel in Honor of William G. Dever (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006) 285-293.

Bietak, M., "From Where Came the Hyksos and Where Did They Go?", in M. Marée (ed.), The Second Intermediate Period (Thirteenth–Seventeenth Dynasties): Current Research, Future Prospects (OLA 192; Leuven: Peeters, 2010) 139-181.

Bourriau, J., "Beyond Avaris: The Second Intermediate Period in Egypt Outside the Eastern Delta", in E. D. Oren (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997) 159-182.

Bourriau, J., "The Second Intermediate Period (c. 1650–1550 BC)", in I. Shaw (ed.), The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Second edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003) 172-206. [first edition (2000) 184-217]

Ceccherelli, I. M. "Gli Hyksos, la discesa in Egitto e l'esodo degli Ebrei", BeO 36 (1994) 139-168.

Dever, W. C., "Relations between Syria-Palestine and Egypt in the 'Hyksos' Period", in J. N. Tubb (ed.), Palestine in the Bronze and Iron Ages. Papers in Honour of Olga Tufnell (London: Institute of Archaeology, 1985) 69-87.

Di Lenardo, A., Israeliti & Hyksos: ipotesi sul II periodo intermedio d'Egitto e la sua cronologia (Officina delle idee; Patti: Kimerik, 2016).

Gamer-Wallert, I., Ägypten während der Zweiten Zwischenzeit: = Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. Herausgegeben vom Sonderforschungsbereich 19 "Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (TAVO)" der Universität Tübingen; hergestellt mit Mitteln der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft. Kartograph: A. Schefter; kartographische Gesamtleitung: W. Denk (Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, B II 4; Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1981).

Geobey, R. A., "Joseph the Infiltrator, Jacob the Conqueror? Reexamining the Hyksos–Hebrew Correlation", JBL 136 (2017) 23-37.

Hayes, W. C., "Egypt: From the Death of Ammenemes III to Seqenenre II", in I. E. S. Edwards (ed.), The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 2/1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973) 42-76.

Hayes, W. C., The Scepter of Egypt. Vol. 1: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. Vol. 2: The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom (Leuven: Peeters, 1990).

Helck, W., "Das Hyksos-Problem", Or N.S. 62 (1993) 60-66.

Holladay, J. S., "The Eastern Nile Delta During the Hyksos and Pre-Hyksos Periods: Toward a Systemic/Socioeconomic Understanding", in E. D. Oren (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997) 183-252.

James, T. G. H., "Egypt: From the Expulsion of the Hyksos to Amenophis I", in I. E. S. Edwards (ed.), The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 2/1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973) 289-312.

Kempinski, A., "Jacob in History", BAR 14/1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988) 42-47.

Lacovara, P., "Egypt and Nubia During the Second Intermediate Period", in E. D. Oren (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997) 69-83: with Y. Markowitz, "Appendix: The Seals from Kerma", 83-86.

Marée, M. (ed.), The Second Intermediate Period (Thirteenth–Seventeenth Dynasties): Current Research, Future Prospects (OLA 192; Leuven: Peeters, 2010).

Mourad, A.-L., Rise of the Hyksos: Egypt and the Levant from the Middle Kingdom to the Early Second Intermediate Period (Archaeopress Egyptology, 11; Oxford: Archaeopress, 2015).

Nibbi, A., Canaan and Canaanite in Ancient Egypt (Oxford: Discussions in Egyptology and DE Publications, 1989).

O'Connor, D., "The Hyksos Period in Egypt", in E. D. Oren (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997) 45-67.

Oren, E. D. (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997).

Polz, D., "Theben und Avaris: Zur 'Vertreibung' der Hyksos", in H. Guksch – D. Polz (eds.), Stationen: Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte Ägyptens: Rainer Stadelmann gewidmet (Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1998) 219-231.

Polz, D., Der Beginn des Neuen Reiches: Zur Vorgeschichte einer Zeitenwende (Sonderschrift des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo, 31; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2007).

Popko, L., "Late Second Intermediate Period to Early New Kingdom", in W. Grajetzki – W. Wendrich (eds.), UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology [UEE] (online publication date 2013-10-22): access here.

Redford, D. B., "The Hyksos Invasion in History and Tradition", Or NS 39 (1970) 1-51.

Redford, D. B. – J. M. Weinstein, "Hyksos", ABD III (1992) 341-348.

Redford, D. B., "Textual Sources for the Hyksos Period", in E. D. Oren (ed.), The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (University Museum Monograph, 96 / University Museum Symposium Series, 8; Philadelphia, PA : University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997) 1-44.

Redford, D. B., "The Great Going Forth: The Expulsion of West Semitic Speakers from Egypt", in T. E. Levy – T. Schneider – W. H. C. Propp (eds.), Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience (Quantitative Methods in the Humanities and Social Sciences; Heidelberg: Springer, 2015) 437-445.

Redmount, C. A., "Ethnicity, Pottery, and the Hyksos at Tell el-Maskhuta in the Egyptian Delta", BA 58 (1995) 181-190.

Ryholt, K. S. B., The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, c. 1800-1550 B.C.. With an appendix by A. Bülow-Jacobsen (Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, 20; Copenhagen: Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Near Eastern Studies, University of Copenhagen, Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997).

Schneider, T., Ausländer in Ägypten während des Mittleren Reiches und der Hyksoszeit. Teil 1: Die ausländischen Könige / Teil II: Die ausländische Bevölkerung (AAT 42; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998 / 2003).

Van Seters, J., The Hyksos: A New Investigation (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1966).

Vercoutter, J., "Die Zweite Zwischenzeit und die Invasion der Hyksos in Ägypten", in E. Cassin – J. Bottéro – J. Vercoutter (eds.), Die Altorientalischen Reiche, I: Vom Paläolithikum bis zur Mitte des 2. Jahrtausends (Fischer Weltgeschichte, 2; Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer, 1965) 344-374. English version: Vercoutter, J., "The Second Intermediate Period and the Hyksos Invasion of Egypt", in J. Bottéro – E. Cassin – J. Vercoutter (eds.), The Near East: The Early Civilizations (Weidenfeld and Nicholson Universal History, 2; London : Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1967), chap. 11. Italian version: Vercoutter, J., "Il secondo periodo intermedio e l'invasione degli Hyksos", in E. Cassin – J. Bottéro – J. Vercoutter (eds.), Gli imperi dell'Antico Oriente, I: Dalla preistoria alla metà del II millennio (Storia universale Feltrinelli, 2; Milano: Feltrinelli, 1968) 346-377.

Weinstein, J., "Hyksos", OEANE III (1997) 133-136.

Wiener, M. H., "Discussion", in M. Bietak, Trade, Power and Cultural Exchange: Hyksos Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World 1800-1500 B.C. International Symposium at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, November 3, 1993 (Ägypten und Levante, 5; Wien: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1995) 121-132.