Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Isaiah: Reception and Interpretation
(A)  Jewish Sources prior to 1800


The bibliography is divided into six sections as follows:

I.    Overview presentations of Jewish reception-history of Isaiah

Blenkinsopp, J., Opening the Sealed Book: Interpretations of the Book of Isaiah in Late Antiquity (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2006). [covers Jewish and Christian writings in the period from Malachi to the Emperor Constantine]

Friedman, T., et al., "Isaiah", EncJud (22007) 10.57-75. Details: Introduction (T. Friedman) 57-60; First Isaiah (H. L. Ginsberg) 60-68; Chapters 34-35 and Deuterojesaja (I. Avishur) 68-73; In the Aggadah (E. Epstein Halevy) 73; In Islam (H. Z. Hirschberg) 73-74; In the Arts (B. Bayer) 74-75.

Gregerman, A., "Biblical Prophecy and the Fate of the Nations in Early Jewish and Christian Interpretations of Isaiah", in C. A. Evans – H. D. Zacharias (eds.), "What Does the Scripture Say?": Studies in the Function of Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity. Vol. 1: The Synoptic Gospels (LNTS 469 / Studies in Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity, 17; London & New York: T & T Clark, 2012) 212-240.

Hannah, D. D., "Isaiah within Judaism of the Second Temple Period", in S. Moyise – M. J. J. Menken (eds), Isaiah in the New Testament. The New Testament and the Scriptures of Israel (London: T & T Clark, 2005) 7-33.

Laato, A., "Isaiah in Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Jewish Traditions", in L.-S. Tiemeyer (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Isaiah (Oxford Handbooks; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020) 507-530.

Laato, A., Message and Composition of the Book of Isaiah: An Interpretation in the Light of Jewish Reception History (DCLS 46; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2022).

Lange, A. – M. Weigold, Biblical Quotations and Allusions in Second Temple Jewish Literature (JAJSup 5; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011), esp. 126-140 and 356-359.

Sawyer, J. F. A., "Isaiah, Book of", in J. H. Hayes (gen. ed.), Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1999) I (A-J) 549-555.

Sawyer, J. F. A., "Isaiah", in M. Lieb – E. Mason – J. Roberts (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible (Oxford Handbooks; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) 52-63. [the first section of the article (53-56) is on Jewish reception of Isaiah]

Sawyer, J. F. A., Isaiah through the Centuries (Wiley Blackwell Bible Commentaries; Hoboken, NJ & Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2018).

Stromberg, J., "Isaiah's Interpretive Revolution: How Isaiah's Formation Influenced Early Jewish and Christian Interpretation", in R. J. Bautch – J. T. Hibbard (eds.), The Book of Isaiah: Enduring Questions Answered Anew. Essays Honoring Joseph Blenkinsopp and His Contribution to the Study of Isaiah (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2014) 214-232.

Sweeney, M. A., et al., "Isaiah", EBR 13 (206) 297-343. Details: I. Hebrew Bible/Old Testament (M. A. Sweeney) 297-305; II. New Testament (D. W. Pao) 305-309; III. Judaism (309-320): A. Second Temple and Hellenistic Judaism (J. Y. Jindo) 309-311; B. Rabbinic Judaism (I. Gottlieb) 311-313; C. Medieval Judaism (Y. Eisenstat) 313-315; D. Modern Judaism (J. Davis) 315-318; E. Liturgy (B. D. Walfish) 318-320; IV. Christianity (320-329): A. Greek and Latin Patristics (P. Gemeinhardt) 320-325; B. Medieval and Reformation Era (P. Brazinski) 325-326; C. Modern Europe and America (P. Martens) 326-328; D. World Christianity (D. N. Premnath) 328-329; V. Islam (A. Rippin) 329-330; VI. Literature (J. Sawyer) 330-334; VII. Visual Arts (K. Lundahl) 334-339; VIII. Music (N. H. Petersen) 339-342; IX. Film (P. T. Chattaway) 342-343.

Troyer, K. De – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019).

Wróbel, M. S., "The Influence of Isaiah on Jewish and Christian Liturgies", in J. H. Charlesworth (ed.), The Unperceived Continuity of Isaiah (Jewish and Christian Texts in Contexts and Related Studies, 28; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2019) 186-203.

II.    Reception of Isaiah within the Hebrew Bible and the Deuterocanonical literature

Beentjes, P. C., "Hezekiah and Isaiah: A Study on Ben Sira xlviii, 15-25", in A. S. van der Woude (ed.), New Avenues in the Study of the Old Testament. A Collection of Old Testament Studies published on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the Oudtestamentisch Werkgezelschap and the retirement of prof. Dr. M. J. Mulder (OTS 25; Leiden: Brill, 1989) 77-88.

Beentjes, P. C., "Isaiah in the Book of Chronicles", in M. N. van der Meer – P. van Keulen – W. van Peursen – B. ter Haar Romney (eds.), Isaiah in Context: Studies in Honour of Arie van der Kooij on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday (VTSup 138; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 15-24.

Blenkinsopp, J., Opening the Sealed Book: Interpretations of the Book of Isaiah in Late Antiquity (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2006), esp. 1-88. [ = Chap. 1 "Isaiah the Book"; Chap. 2 "Isaiah: Author, Prophet, Man of God"; Chap. 3 "Isaiah at the Beginnings of Jewish Sectarianism".]

Elliott, Mark W., "The Book of Isaiah, the Wisdom of Solomon and the Fathers: An Exploration of the Textual History and Concepts", in K. De Troyer – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 113-124.

Fried, L. S. – E. J. Mills, "The Messiah and the 'End of Days' in the Book of Isaiah and in the Deuterocanonical Literature", in K. De Troyer – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 51-66.

Hibbard, J. T., "Divine and Divinely Sanctioned Violence in the Book of Isaiah and the Deuterocanonical Literature", in K. De Troyer – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 37-50.

Knibb, M. A., "Isaianic Traditions in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha", in C. C. Broyles – C. A. Evans (eds), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition. 2 vol. (VTSup 70/2 – Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature, 1/2; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 633-650.

Lester, G. B., Daniel Evokes Isaiah: Allusive Characterization of Foreign Rule in the Hebrew-Aramaic Book of Daniel (LHB/OTS 606; London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015).

Sweeney, M. A., "An Intertextual Dialogue between the Book of Isaiah and the Book of 1 Maccabees: On Judean Leadership", in K. De Troyer – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 5-16.

Wagner, J. R., "Old Greek Isaiah 1:13: Early Evidence for the "Great Day" as a Name for Yom Kippur?", in K. De Troyer – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 91-112.

Wieringen, A. L. H. M. van, "Sirach 48:17-25 and the Isaiah-Book: Hezekiah and Isaiah in the Book of Sirach and the Reader-Oriented Perspective of the Isaiah-Book", in J. Corley – H. van Grol (eds.), Rewriting Biblical History: Essays on Chronicles and Ben Sira in Honor of Pancratius C. Beentjes (DCLS 7; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011) 191-210.

Wieringen, A. L. H. M. van, "The Concept of the City in the Book of Isaiah and in the Deuterocanonical Literature", in K. De Troyer – B. Schmitz (eds.), The Early Reception of the Book of Isaiah in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (DCLS 37; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2019) 17-36.

III.    Reception of Isaiah at Qumran
[for the Qumran biblical MSS of Isa see here, and for many titles on the pesharim in general see here]

1.   Text of the Qumran Isa-pesharim

i)   Identification of the manuscripts

There is general agreement that the following six fragmentary texts come from Isa-pesharim: 3QpIsa [3Q4], 4QpIsa A [4Q161], 4QpIsa B [4Q162], 4QpIsa C [4Q163], 4QpIsa D [4Q164], and 4QpIsa E [4Q165]. Online images can be accessed here.

Disputed question concerning 4QpapUnclassified (4Q515):

  A few scholars hold that these fragments come from another Isa-pesher text. See J. Maier, Die Qumran-Essener: Die Texte vom Toten Meer. Band 2: Die Texte der Höhle 4 (Uni-Taschenbücher: Theologie, Judaistik, 1863; München: Ernst Reinhardt, 1995) 679. Maier's proposal is accepted by A. Lange: (1) in A. Lange – M. Weigold, Biblical Quotations and Allusions in Second Temple Jewish Literature (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011) 302; (2) A. Lange, "Texts Within Texts: The Text of Jeremiah in the Exegetical Literature from Qumran", in A. Feldman – M. Cioată – C. Hempel (eds.), Is There a Text in This Cave? Studies in the Textuality of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Honour of George J. Brooke (STDJ 119; Leiden: Brill, 2017) 187-208: on pp. 197-198.

  The identification is not accepted by others. See for instance E. Ulrich, The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Developmental Composition of the Bible (VTSup 169; Leiden: Brill, 2015) 306 with n. 23 [the six Isa pesharim are those in 3Q4 and 4Q161-165].

ii)   DJD editions

Allegro, J. M., "Commentary on Isaiah (A–E)", in J. M. Allegro (ed.), with the collaboration of A. A. Anderson, Qumran Cave 4, I (4Q 158 – 4Q 186) (DJD V; Oxford: Clarendon, 1968) 11-30, with Plates IV-IX. See also the relevant sections in J. Strugnell, "Notes en marge du volume V des «Discoveries in the Judaean Desert of Jordan»", RevQ 7,2 [26] (Avril 1970 [1969-71]) 163-276 [esp. 183-199 on 4Q161-165].

Baillet, M., "Textes des grottes 2Q, 3Q, 6Q, 7Q à 10Q, II: Grotte 3, II. Textes non-bibliques, A. Commentaire, 4: Commentaire d'Isaïe", in M. Baillet – J. T. Milik – R. de Vaux, Les 'Petites Grottes' de Qumrân: Textes (DJD III; Oxford: Clarendon, 1962: repr. 2003) 95-96, with Plate XVIII. [3Q4 / 3QpIsa: contains part of biblical text of Isa 1,1-2, with a few brief phrases of commentary]

Baillet, M., "Groupe en petite écriture (Pl. lxxv)", in M. Baillet, Qumrân Grotte 4, III (4Q482-4Q520) (DJD VII; Oxford: Clarendon, 1982 [reprinted 2003]) 299-300. [4Q515: no identification is offered]

iii)   Later editions and translations

García Martínez, F. – E. J. C. Tigchelaar (eds.), The Dead Sea Scrolls. Study Edition. 2 vols. (Leiden: Brill / Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000 [first ed. 1997 & 1998]).

Horgan, M. P., Pesharim: Qumran Interpretation of Biblical Books (CBQMS 8; Washington, D.C.: Catholic Biblical Association of America, 1979), esp. 70-138.

Horgan, M. P., "Isaiah Pesher 1–6", in J. H. Charlesworth – H. W. M. Rietz (eds.), with C. D. Elledge and L. Novakovic, The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Texts with English Translations, Vol. 6B: Pesharim, Other Commentaries, and Related Documents (The Princeton Theological Seminary Dead Sea Scrolls Project, 6B; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck / Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002) 35-111.

Martone, C. (ed.), Scritti di Qumran, vol. 2: edizione bilingue con puntazione vocalica, introduzione, traduzione e note (Studi biblici, 187; Brescia: Paideia, 2016). [includes the five 4Q Isa pesharim: A-E (4Q161-165)]

Parry, D. W. – E. Tov (eds.), The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader. 2: Exegetical Texts (Leiden: Brill, 2004). [for the revised edition see next item]

Parry, D. W. – E. Tov (eds.), in association with G. I. Clements, The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader. Vol. 1: Texts Concerned with Religious Law, Exegetical Texts and Parabiblical Texts. Second edition, revised and expanded (Leiden: Brill, 2014). [the six volumes of the first edition were combined into two in the second edition]

Steudel, A. (ed.), Die Texte aus Qumran II: Hebräisch/Aramäisch und Deutsch. Mit masoretischer Punktation, Übersetzung, Einführung und Anmerkungen (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2001). [includes two of the Isa pesher texts: 4QpJes B (4Q162) and 4QpJes D (4Q164)]

2.   Selected studies on the Qumran reception of Isa in the Pesharim and in other texts

Baek, K. S., "Isaiah at Qumran and in the Gospel of Matthew", in C. Palmer – A. R. Krause – E. Schuller – J. Screnock (eds.), Dead Sea Scrolls, Revise and Repeat: New Methods and Perspectives (EJL 52; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2020) 119-144.

Bauckham, R., "The Messianic Interpretation of Isa. 10:34 in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 2 Baruch and the Preaching of John the Baptist", DSD 2 (1995) 202-216. [4Q161]

Bernstein, M. J., "Introductory Formulas for Citation and Re-Citation of Biblical Verses in the Qumran Pesharim: Observations on a Pesher Technique", DSD 1 (1994) 30-70.

Bernstein, M. J., "Pesher Isaiah", in L. H. Schiffman – J. C. VanderKam (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) 2:651-653.

Blenkinsopp, J., Opening the Sealed Book: Interpretations of the Book of Isaiah in Late Antiquity (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2006) 24-25 and esp. 89-128 (all of Chap. Four "Reading Isaiah at Qumran": much on the pesharim). See also 169-221 (all Chap. Six "Isaianic Titles in Qumran and Early Christianity"), and 268-293 ("The Servant of the Lord at Qumran" and "The Anonymous Teacher and Jesus of Nazareth as Servant Figures").

Brooke, G. J., "Isaiah in the Pesharim and Other Qumran Texts", in C. C. Broyles – C. A. Evans (eds), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition. 2 vol. (VTSup 70/2 – Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature, 1/2; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 609-632.

Brooke, G. J., "The Qumran Pesharim and the Text of Isaiah in the Cave 4 Manuscripts", in A. Rapoport-Albert – G. Greenberg (eds.), Biblical Hebrews, Biblical Texts: Essays in Memory of Michael P. Weitzman (JSOTSup 333 / The Hebrew Bible and its Versions, 2; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001) 304-320.

Brooke, G. J., "On Isaiah at Qumran", in C. Mathews McGinnis – P. K. Tull (eds.), "As Those Who Are Taught": The Interpretation of Isaiah from the LXX to the SBL (SBLSymS 27; Leiden: Brill, 2006) 109-137. [mainly on the Biblical MSS but has some short remarks on the pesharim too]

Brooke, G. J., "Isaiah in Some of the Non-Scriptural Dead Sea Scrolls", in F. Wilk – P. Gemeinhardt (eds.), Transmission and Interpretation of the Book of Isaiah in the Context of Intra- and Interreligious Debates (BETL 280; Leuven: Peeters, 2016) 243-260.

Charlesworth, A., "Appendix: Love in the School of Isaiah and Continuity in 1QIsaiaha", in J. H. Charlesworth (ed.), The Unperceived Continuity of Isaiah (Jewish and Christian Texts in Contexts and Related Studies, 28; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2019) 212-221.

Fabry, H.-J., "Die Jesaja-Rolle in Qumran. Älteste Handschriften und andere spannende Entdeckungen", BK 61 (2006) 227-230.

Flint, P. W., "Interpreting the Poetry of Isaiah at Qumran: Theme and Function in the Sectarian Scrolls", in J. Penner – K. M. Penner – C. Wassen (eds.), Prayer and Poetry in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Essays in Honor of Eileen Schuller on the Occasion of Her 65th Birthday (STDJ 98; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 161-195.

Flint, P. W., "The Interpretation of Scriptural Isaiah in the Qumran Scrolls: Quotations, Citations, Allusions, and the Form of the Scriptural Source Text", in E. F. Mason – S. I. Thomas – A. Schofield – E. Ulrich (eds.), A Teacher for All Generations: Essays in Honor of James C. VanderKam, Vol. 1 (JSJSup 153; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 389-406.

Flusser, D., "The Isaiah Pesher and the Notion of Twelve Apostles in the Early Church", in David Flusser, Judaism of the Second Temple Period: Volume 1. Qumran and Apocalypticism (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans; Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnes Press; Jerusalem: Jerusalem Perspective, 2007) 305-326.

Hartog, P. B., "Interlinear Additions and Literary Development in 4Q163/Pesher Isaiah C, 4Q169/Pesher Nahum, and 4Q171/Pesher Psalms A", RevQ 28,2 [108] (2016) 267-277.

Hartog, P. B., "The Qumran Pesharim and Alexandrian Scholarship: 4Q163/Pesher Isaiah C and Hypomnemata on the Iliad", JAJ 8 (2017) 344-364.

Jassen, A. P., "Re-Reading 4QPesher Isaiah A (4Q161) Forty Years after DJD V", in G. J. Brooke – J. Høgenhaven (eds.), The Mermaid and the Partridge: Essays from the Copenhagen Conference on Revising Texts from Cave Four (STDJ 96; Leiden: Brill, 2011) 57-90. [with extensive bibliography!]

Lange, A., "'Which Is Written in the Words of Isaiah, Son of Amoz, the Prophet' (CD 7.10): Quotations of and Allusions to the Book of Isaiah in Qumran Literature", in K. Dobos – M. Kőszeghy (eds.), With Wisdom as a Robe: Qumran and Other Jewish Studies in Honour of Ida Fröhlich (Hebrew Bible Monographs, 21; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2009) 275-287.

Metzenthin, C., Jesaja-Auslegung in Qumran (ATANT 98; Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 2010). [not only the Isa-pesharim but also other Qumran texts that quote or allude to texts in Isaiah]

Roberts, J. J. M., "The Importance of Isaiah at Qumran", in J. H. Charlesworth (ed.), The Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Princeton Symposium on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Vol. I: Scripture and the Scrolls (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2006) 273-286.

Siquans, A., "Hermeneutics and Methods of Interpretation in the Isaiah Pesharim and in the 'Commentary on Isaiah' by Theodoret of Cyrus", in A. Lange/ E. Tov/ M. Weigold / B.H. and Reynolds III (eds.), The Dead Sea Scrolls in Context: Integrating the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Study of Ancient Texts, Languages, and Cultures (VTSup 140/2; Leiden: Brill, 2011) 765-75.

Stegemann, H., Die Essener, Qumran, Johannes der Täufer und Jesus: Ein Sachbuch. 4., überarbeitete Auflage (Herder-Spektrum, 4128; Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 1994), esp. 176-178. [earlier editions 1993 (twice) and 1994]. Translations: Gli Esseni, Qumran, Giovanni Battista e Gesù: Una monografia (Collana di studi religiosi; Bologna: EDB, 1996); Los esenios, Qumrán, Juan Bautista y Jesús (Colección Estructuras y procesos. Serie religión; Madrid: Trotta, 1996); The Library of Qumran: On the Essenes, Qumran, John the Baptist, and Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998).

Tzoref, S., "Textuality and Identity in the Qumran Pesharim on Isaiah", in F. Wilk – P. Gemeinhardt (eds.), Transmission and Interpretation of the Book of Isaiah in the Context of Intra- and Interreligious Debates (BETL 280; Leuven: Peeters, 2016) 133-165.

IV.    Reception of Isaiah in other ancient Jewish texts
[for further titles on the "Lives of the Prophets" see here, and for the "Martyrdom (and Ascension) of Isaiah" see here]

Begg, C., "Isaiah in Josephus", in C. Böttrich – J. Herzer (eds.), Josephus und das Neue Testament (WUNT 209; Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007) 233-243.

Blenkinsopp, J., Opening the Sealed Book: Interpretations of the Book of Isaiah in Late Antiquity (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2006), esp. 46-55.

Cohen, N. G., Philo's Scriptures: Citations from the Prophets and Writings. Evidence for a Haftarah Cycle in Second Temple Judaism (JSJSup 123; Leiden: Brill, 2007).

Feldman, L. H., "Josephus' Portrait of Isaiah", in C. C. Broyles – C. A. Evans (eds), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition. 2 vol. (VTSup 70/2 – Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature, 1/2; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 583-608.

Knibb, M. A., "Isaianic Traditions in the Book of Enoch", in J. Barton – D. J. Reimer (eds.), After the Exile: Essays in Honour of Rex Mason (Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1996) 217-229.

Knibb, M. A., "Isaianic Traditions in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha", in C. C. Broyles – C. A. Evans (eds), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition. 2 vol. (VTSup 70/2 – Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature, 1/2; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 633-650.

Schwemer, A. M., "Die Zersägung des Propheten Jesaja", in S. Fuhrmann – R. Grundmann (eds.), Martyriumsvorstellungen in Antike und Mittelalter. Leben oder sterben für Gott? (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, 80; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 45-67.

V.    Reception of Isaiah in the Targum and in rabbinic writings

1.   The Isaiah-Targum [for further material on the Isaiah-Targum see here]

i)   Targum text and translations

Chilton, B. D., The Isaiah Targum: Introduction, Translation, Apparatus and Notes (The Aramaic Bible, 11; Wilmington, DE: Glazier; Edinburgh: Clark, 1987).

Lenzi, G., Il Targum Yonathan, I: Isaia. Traduzione a confronto con il testo masoretico (Genova & Milano: Marietti, 2004).

Ribera Florit, J., El Targum de Isaías. La versión aramea del profeta Isaías (Biblioteca Midrásica, 6; Valencia: Institución San Jerónimo, 1988).

Sperber, A., The Bible in Aramaic, III: The Latter Prophets according to Targum Jonathan (Leiden: Brill, 1962) 1-132.

ii)   Targum studies

Chilton, B. D., The Glory of Israel. The Theology and Provenience of the Isaiah Targum (JSOTSup 23: Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1983).

Chilton, B., "Two in One: Renderings of the Book of Isaiah in Targum Jonathan", in C. C. Broyles – C. A. Evans (eds.), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition (VTSup 70/2 – Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature, 1/2; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 547-562.

Houtman, A., "The Great Beyond According to Targum Isaiah", in J. Frey – C. Clivaz – T. Nicklas (eds.), Between Canonical and Apocryphal Texts: Processes of Reception, Rewriting, and Interpretation in Early Judaism and Early Christianity. In collaboration with J. Röder (WUNT 419; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019) 227-240.

Kooij, A. van der, "The Old Greek of Isaiah and the Isaiah Targum: What Do They Have in Common?", in D. J. Shepherd – J. Joosten – M. van der Meer (eds.), Septuagint, Targum and Beyond: Comparing Aramaic and Greek Versions from Jewish Antiquity (JSJSup193; Leiden: Brill, 2020) 141-156.

Tooman, W. A., "Isaiah in Aramaic", in L.-S. Tiemeyer (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Isaiah (Oxford Handbooks; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020) 469-488.

2.   Rabbinic literature

Ginzberg, L., The Legends of the Jews. 7 vol. (Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1909-1938). [on Isaiah see esp. Vol. 4: Bible Times and Characters from Joshua to Esther (1913) 262-279 and the respective notes in vol. 6]. Italian: Ginzberg, L., Le leggende degli ebrei. A cura di Elena Loewenthal. Nuova edizione riveduta e ampliata. 2 vol. (Gli Adelphi, 579; Milano: Adelphi, 2019). [the original Italian edition was published in six smaller volumes 1995-2016]

Langer, G., "Frieden, Gerechtigkeit und Tora: Ausgewählte Jesajazitate in der rabbinischen Literatur", in F. Wilk – P. Gemeinhardt (eds.), Transmission and Interpretation of the Book of Isaiah in the Context of Intra- and Interreligious Debates (BETL 280; Leuven: Peeters, 2016) 293-314.

Neusner, J., Beyond Catastrophe: The Rabbis' Reading of Isaiah's Vision; Israelite Messiah- Prophecies in Formative Judaism. An Anthology of Pesiqta de Rab Kahana for the Seven Sabbaths after the Ninth of Ab (South Florida Studies in the History of Judaism, 131; Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1996).

Neusner, J., Isaiah in Talmud and Midrash: A Source Book. Part A: Mishnah, Tosefta, Tannaite Midrash-Compilations, Yerushalmi and Associated Midrash-Compilations (Studies in Judaism; Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2007).

Neusner, J., Isaiah in Talmud and Midrash: A Source Book. Part B: The Later Midrash-Compilations and the Bavli (Studies in Judaism; Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2007).

Porton, G. G., "Isaiah and the Kings: The Rabbis on the Prophet Isaiah", in C. C. Broyles – C. A. Evans (eds), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition. 2 vol. (VTSup 70/2 – Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature, 1/2; Leiden: Brill, 1997) 693-716.

Teugels, L., "Consolation and Composition in a Rabbinic Homily on Isaiah 40: Pesiqta' de Rav Kahana' 16", in J. van Ruiten – M. Vervenne (eds.), Studies in the Book of Isaiah: Festschrift Willem A. M. Beuken (BETL 132; Leuven: Peeters and Leuven University Press, 1997) 433-446.

Ulmer, R., "Isaiah in Pesiqta de Rav Kahana and Pesiqta Rabbati", in F. Wilk – P. Gemeinhardt (eds.), Transmission and Interpretation of the Book of Isaiah in the Context of Intra- and Interreligious Debates (BETL 280; Leuven: Peeters, 2016) 215-239.

VI.    Isaiah in Jewish biblical commentaries (medieval and early modern)

1.   Individual published commentaries (in order of authors’ dates of death)

Saadia Gaon / Saʿadia ben Joseph (882 – 942)
Derenbourg, J., "Version d'Isaie de R. Saadia", ZAW 9 (1889) 1-64 and 10 (1890) 1-84. [taken up in the following work]
Derenbourg, J. – H. Derenbourg (eds.), Version arabe d'Isaïe de R. Saadia ben Iosef al-Fayyoûmî, publiée avec des notes hébraïques et une traduction française d'après l'arabe (Oeuvres complètes de R. Saadia ben Iosef al-Fayyoûmî, 3; Paris: Leroux, 1896).

Ibn Balʿam, Judah ben Samuel (Arabic: Abu Zakariyyā Yaḥyā) (11th cent. Spain)
Derenbourg, J., "Gloses d'Abou Zakariya ben Bilam sur Isaïe", REJ 17 / № 34 (oct.-déc. 1888) 172-201 (Isa Cap. 1-6); 18 / № 35 (jan.-mars 1889) 71-82 (Cap. 7-9); 19 / № 37 (juillet-sept. 1889) 84-99 (Cap. 10-17); 20 / № 40 (avril-juin 1890) 225-236 (Cap. 18-23); 22 / № 43 (jan.-mars 1891) 47-61 (Cap. 24-29); 22 / № 44 (avril-juin 1891) 190-207 (Cap. 30-38,16); 23 / № 45 (juillet-sept. 1891) 43-62 (Cap. 38,17-51); 23 / № 46 (oct.-déc. 1891) 206-229 (Cap. 52-66).
Derenbourg, J., Gloses d'Abou Zakariya Yahia ben Bilam sur Isaïe. Publiées pour la première fois en arabe et traduites en français (Paris: Librairie A. Durlacher, 1892). [the REJ articles collected together]

Rashi (1040-1105)
Hebrew text in both editions of the Miqraot Gedolot, listed below.
English translation in the Judaica Press edition of the Miqraot Gedolot (see below).
Online version with Rashi in English here.

Joseph Qara (1065-1135)
Hebrew text in the Mikraot Gedolot (see below).

Ibn Ezra (Abraham ben Meïr) (1089-1164)
Friedländer, M., (ed.), The Commentary of Ibn Ezra on Isaiah: edited from MSS. and translated, with notes, introductions, and indexes. Vol. I: Translation of the Commentary; Vol. II: The Anglican Version of the Book of the Prophet Isaiah amended according to the Commentary of Ibn Ezra; Vol. III: [The Hebrew Text, with notes and glossary]; Vol. IV. Ibn Ezra Literature: Essays on the Writings of Abraham Ibn Ezra (Publications of the Society of Hebrew Literature, Second Series; London: Trübner, for the Society of Hebrew Literature, 1873 /1873/ 1877 / 1877). Reprinted New York: Feldheim, 1964(?).
The Hebrew text is published in the Mikraot Gedolot (see below).

Eliezer of Beaugency (12th cent.) [exact dates unknown]
Nutt, J. W. (ed.), Commentaries on the Later Prophets by R. Eleazar of Beaugency, I: Isaiah. Edited from a Unique Bodleian Ms with a Notice on Mediaeval French and Spanish exegesis (London: Baer & Co, 1879).
The Hebrew text is published in the Mikraot Gedolot (see below).

David Qimḥi (1160-1235)
Finkelstein, L. (ed.), The Commentary of David Kimhi on Isaiah. Edited, with his unpublished allegorical commentary on Genesis, on the basis of manuscripts and early editions. Part I: Chapters 1-39 (Columbia University Oriental Studies, 19; New York: Columbia University Press, 1926). [a critical edition, not a translation; Finkelstein did not edit the rest of this commentary] Reprinted Finkelstein, L. (ed.), The Commentary of David Kimhi on Isaiah. Edited, with his unpublished allegorical commentary on Genesis by Louis Finkelstein (Kiraz Commentaries Archive / Gorgias Occasional Historical Commentaries, 2; Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2009).
The Hebrew text is published in the Mikraot Gedolot (see below).
Latin translation: Malanimeus, Caesar (trans. and ed.), Rab. Davidis Kimchii Commentarii in Jesaiam Prophetam quos ex hebraeo in latinum idioma vertebat, notulisque illustrabat Caesar Malanimeus (Florentiae: apud Cajetanum Cambiagi typographum regium, 1774).

Isaiah ben Mali, of Trani (Italy: 13th cent)
The Hebrew text is published in the Mikraot Gedolot (see below).

Joseph ibn Kaspi (ca. 1280-1345)
אדני כסף: פרושים על נביאים ראשונים ואחרונים [Pedestals of Silver: Commentary on the Former and Latter Prophets]. Edited for the first time from the unique manuscript in the Bodleiana, Oxford, by Isaac Last. 2 Vols. (London: Naroditsky, 1911 and 1912). [The first vol. contains the Former Prophets and Isaiah; the second volume contains Jer, Ezek, and the Twelve.]
The Hebrew text is published anew in the Bar-Ilan edition of the Mikra'ot Gedolot (see below).

Abrabanel [Abravanel, Abarbanel], Don Isaac ben Judah (1437-1508)
Commentary on the Latter Prophets: נביאים אחרונים / עם פירוש דון יצחק אברבניאל... (Pesaro or [near] Rimini: Gershom Soncino, 1520). [for discussion about the place of publication see M. Marx, "Gershom (Hieronymus) Soncino's Wanderyears in Italy, 1498-1527: Exemplar Judaicae vitae", HUCA 11 (1936) 427-501, esp. 468-469] For online access see here.
Later editions too, e.g. פירוש על נביאים אחרונים (Amsterdam: Immanuel Benveniste, 1641). For online access see here.
Modern reprint editions: Abravanel, I., פירוש על נביאים אחרונים [Commentary on the Latter Prophets] (Jerusalem: Torah ve-Daʿat, 1957) and again (Jerusalem: Benei Arbaʾel, 1979).

Jedidiah Solomon Raphael ben Abraham Norzi (ca. 1560 – ca. 1626)
Azcárraga Servert, M. J. de (ed.), Minhat Say de Y.S. de Norzi, Isaías. Traducción y anotación crítica por María Josefa de Azcárraga Servert (Textos y estudios "Cardenal Cisneros", 54; Madrid: Madrid : Instituto de Filologia del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Departamento de Filología Bíblica y de Oriente Antiguo, 1993).

2.   Multiple-commentary and anthology-type works   [see also here]

Miqraʾot Gedolot (Judaica Press edition)
ספר ישעיהו, חלק א′: מקראות גדולות: The Book of Isaiah, Volume One: A New English Translation of the Text, Rashi, and a Commentary Digest. Edited, translated and compiled by Rabbi A. J. Rosenberg (Judaica Books of the Prophets; Brooklyn, NY: Judaica Press, 1982).
ספר ישעיהו, חלק ב′: מקראות גדולות: The Book of Isaiah, Volume Two: A New English Translation of the Text, Rashi, and a Commentary Digest. Edited, translated and compiled by Rabbi A. J. Rosenberg (Brooklyn, NY: Judaica Press, 1983).
[Each volume features both the complete Hebrew Mikraoth Gedoloth as well as a concise, modern English translation of the text with extensive commentary. In addition, each and every Rashi is translated, as are selections from the Ramban, Sforno, Rashbam, Ibn Ezra, from Talmudic and Midrashic sources, and numerous other commentaries never before translated.]

Miqraʾot Gedolot (Bar-Ilan scholarly edition)
Cohen, M. (ed.), מקראות גדולות הכתר ... ישעיהו / Mikraʾot Gedolot – 'Haketer' – Isaiah. A Revised and Augmented Scientific Edition of 'Mikraʾot Gedolot' Based on the Aleppo Codex and early Medieval MSS. Small Edition (Ramat-Gan: Bar-Ilan University Press, 1996).
Free online edition here.

Yalkut Shimoni (probably 13th cent.)
The book of Isaiah is not yet available in the new German translation project (see here). The Hebrew text is available online here; the comments on Isa are found in Remez §§385-514. There are many older print editions of the Hebrew text too.

Another smaller modern anthology of rabbinic commentaries
Scherman, N., The Milstein Edition of the Later Prophets: Isaiah – Yeshayah, with a Commentary Anthologized from the Rabbinic Writings (Brooklyn, NY: ArtScroll Mesorah Publications, 2013). [including the Hebrew text of the commentaries by Rashi and Radak, and the Metzudos, as well as short commentaries in English]

3.   Studies on the Medieval and Early Modern Jewish commentators

Bacher, W., "Jehuda Ibn Balaams Jesaja-Commentar", ZAW 13 (1893) 129-155.

Cooper, A., "The Suffering Servant and Job: A View from the Sixteenth Century", in C. Mathews McGinnis – P. K. Tull (eds.), "As Those Who Are Taught": The Interpretation of Isaiah from the LXX to the SBL (SBLSymS 27; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2006) 189-200. [on Eliezer b. Elijah Ashkenazi (1513-1586)]

Gómez Aranda, M., "Observaciones polémicas de Abraham ibn Ezra sobre las profecías de Isaías", Ibéria Judaica 6 (2014) 97-118.

Grossman, A., "The Commentary of Rashi on Isaiah and the Jewish-Christian Debate", in D. Engel – L. H. Schiffman – E. R. Wolfson (eds.), Studies in Medieval Jewish Intellectual and Social History: Festschrift in Honor of Robert Chazan (Supplements to The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy, 15; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 47-62.

Harris, R. A., "Structure and Composition in Isaiah 1-12: A Twelfth-Century Northern French Rabbinic Perspective", in C. Mathews McGinnis – P. K. Tull (eds.), "As Those Who Are Taught": The Interpretation of Isaiah from the LXX to the SBL (SBLSymS 27; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2006) 171-187. [esp. on R. Joseph Kara and R. Eliezer of Beaugency]

Neubauer, A. – S. R. Driver, The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish Interpreters. Vol. 1: Texts Edited from Printed Books and Mss. by Ad. Neubauer. Vol. 2: Translations by S. R. Driver and A. Neubauer, with an Introduction to the translations by E. B. Pusey (Oxford & London: Parker; Leipzig: Weigel, 1876-1877). Reprinted (2 vol.), with a Prolegomenon by R. Loewe, in the series The Library of Biblical Studies (New York: Ktav, 1969).

Ruiten, J. van, "Abraham Ibn Ezra on the Book of Isaiah", in S. H. Aufrère – P. S. Alexander – Z. Pleše (eds.), On the Fringe of Commentary: Metatextuality in Ancient Near Eastern and Ancient Mediterranean Cultures (OLA 232; Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 2014) 423-444.

Sela, S. – G. Freudenthal, "Abraham Ibn Ezra's Scholarly Writings: A Chronological Listing", Aleph 6 (2006), pp. 13-55 [see pp. 18 and 29: the Isaiah commentary was written in Lucca, Italy, and was completed in the month of Iyyar 4905 (= May 1145), according to a colophon at the end of the MS].

Simon, U., "Ibn Ezra between Medievalism and Modernism: The Case of Isaiah XL–LXVI", in J. A. Emerton (ed.), Congress Volume Salamanca 1983 (VTSup 36; Leiden: Brill, 1985) 257-271.