Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



The Saul Traditions: Literary and Historical Questions



[see also:  Pre-state Israel and Emergence of the monarchy ]


Most of the titles listed here deal with general topics, not with exegetical discussions of specific texts


The bibliography is divided into three sections as follows:

I.    General literary and historical questions

Adam, K.-P., Saul und David in der judäischen Geschichtsschreibung. Studien zu 1 Samuel 16-2 Samuel 5 (FAT 51; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007).

Álvarez Barredo, M., Los orígenes de la monarquía en Israel. Tradiciones literarias y enfoques teológicos de 1 Sam 8-12 (Publicaciones Instituto Teológico Franciscano. Serie Mayor, 52; Murcia: Instituto Teológico de Murcia / Editorial Espigas, 2009).

Álvarez Barredo, M., Saúl, rechazado como rey de Israel: tradiciones originarias y sincronías redaccionales (Publicaciones del Instituto Teológico de Murcia. Serie mayor, 59; Murcia: Espigas, 2014).

Amit, Y., Hidden Polemics in Biblical Narrative. Translated from the Hebrew by J. Chipman (Biblical Interpretation Series, 25; Leiden: Brill, 2000) 169-188 ( = Chap. Three: "Criticism of Saul's Kingdom – A Formula for Character Assassination").

Baziomo, R., La Famille de Saül dans le conflit Saül versus David (FAT II/78; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015).

Berges, U., Die Verwerfung Sauls. Eine thematische Untersuchung (FB 61; Würzburg: Echter, 1989).

Bettenzoli, G., "Samuel und das Problem des Königtums: Die Tradition von Gilgal", BZ NF 30 (1986) 222-236.

Bettenzoli, G., "Samuel und Saul in geschichtlicher und theologischer Auffassung", ZAW 98 (1986) 338-351.

Bezzel, H., Saul. Israels König in Tradition, Redaktion und früher Rezeption (FAT 97; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015).

Birch, B. C., The Rise of the Israelite Monarchy: The Growth and Development of 1 Sam 7–15 (SBLDS 27; Missoula, MT: Scholars, 1976).

Blenkinsopp, J., "The Quest for the Historical Saul", in J. W. Flanagan – A. W. Robinson (eds.), No Famine in the Land: Studies in Honor of John L. McKenzie (Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1975) 75-99.

Cohen, M. E., "Is Jacob Hiding in the House of Saul?", in O. Lipschits – Y. Gadot – M. Adams (eds.), Rethinking Israel: Studies in the History and Archaeology of Ancient Israel in Honor of Israel Finkelstein (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2017) 57-69.

Couffignal, R., "Le récit du règne de Saül (1 Samuel 9-31). Étude de structures", ETR 73 (1998) 3-20.

Daalen, L. van, "Samuel and Saul", in J. W. Dyk – P. J. van Midden – K. Spronk – G. J. Venema – R. Zuurmond (eds.), Unless Some One Guide Me...: Festschrift for Karel A. Deurloo (Amsterdamse Cahiers, Supplement Series, 2; Maastricht: Shaker, 2001) 115-128.

Davies, P. R., "Saul, Hero and Villain", in D.V. Edelman – E. Ben Zvi (eds.), Remembering Biblical Figures in the Late Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods: Social Memory and Imagination (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 131-140.

Dell, K. J., "Incongruity in the Story of Saul in 1 Samuel 9-15: A Methodological Survey", in G. Khan – D. Lipton (eds.), Studies on the Text and Versions of the Hebrew Bible in Honour of Robert Gordon (VTSup 149; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 49-64.

Diebner, B. J., "The Biblical Stories of Saul and David (1.2 Sam) : Between History and Hellenistic Novel", in M. Oeming – P. Sláma (eds.), A King Like All the Nations? Kingdoms of Israel and Judah in the Bible and History (Beiträge zum Verstehen der Bibel, 28; Zürich: LIT, 2015) 75-81.

Dietrich, W., David, Saul und die Propheten. Das Verhältnis von Religion und Politik nach den prophetischen Überlieferungen vom frühesten Königtum in Israel. 2., verbesserte und erweiterte Auflage (BWANT 122; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1992). [first ed. 1987]

Dietrich, W. – T. Naumann, "The David-Saul Narrative", in G. N. Knoppers – J. G. McConville (eds.), Reconsidering Israel and Judah. Recent Studies on the Deuteronomistic History (Sources for Biblical and Theological Study, 8; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2000) 276-318. [translated from "Die David-Saul-Geschichte" in Dietrich & Naumann, Die Samuelbücher (EdF 287; Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1995) 47-86]

Dietrich, W. – S. Münger, "Die Herrschaft Sauls und der Norden Israels", in C. G. Den Hertog – U. Hübner – S. Münger (eds), Saxa loquentur: Studien zur Archäologie Palästinas/Israels. Festschrift für Volkmar Fritz zum 65. Geburtstag (AOAT 302; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2003) 39-59.

Dietrich, W. (ed.), David und Saul im Widerstreit. Diachronie und Synchronie im Wettstreit. Beiträge zur Auslegung des ersten Samuelbuches (OBO 206; Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004).

Dietrich, W., "König Saul – eine ambivalente Gestalt", in W. Dietrich, Die Samuelbücher im deuteronomistischen Geschichtswerk. Studien zu den Geschichtsüberlieferungen des Alten Testaments, Band II (BWANT 201; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2012) 131-139.

Dietrich, W., "Saul unter den Propheten", in V. K. Nagy – L. S. Egeresi (eds.), Propheten der Epochen / Prophets during the Epochs: Festschrift für István Karasszon zum 60. Geburstag / Studies in Honour of István Karasszon for his 60th Birthday (AOAT 426; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2015) 13-29.

Donner, H., "Basic Elements of Old Testament Historiography Illustrated by the Saul Tradition", in F. E. Deist – J. A. Loader (eds.), Papers Read at the 24th Meeting of 'Die Ou-Testamentiese Werkgemeenskap in Suider-Afrika' [Stellenbosch 1981] (OTWSA 24; Pretoria: University of Pretoria, 1982) 40-54.

Donner, H., Die Verwerfung des Königs Saul (Sitzungsberichte der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, Band XIX, Nr. 5; Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1983) (5) - (36). Reprinted in H. Donner, Aufsätze zum Alten Testament aus vier Jahrzehnten (BZAW 224; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1994) 133-164.

Dragga, S., "In the Shadow of the Judges: The Failure of Saul", JSOT 38 (1987) 39-46.

Edelman, D. V., "The Deuteronomist's Story of King Saul: Narrative Art or Editorial Product?", in C. Brekelmans – J. Lust (eds.), Pentateuchal and Deuteronomistic Studies. Papers read at the XIIIth IOSOT Congress Leuven 1989 (BETL 94; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1990) 207-220.

Edelman, D. V., King Saul in the Historiography of Judah (JSOTSup 121; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1991).

Edelman, D. V., "Saul", ABD V (1992) 989-999.

Edelman, D. V., "Saul ben Kish in History and Tradition", in V. Fritz – P. R. Davies (eds.), The Origins of the Ancient Israelite States (JSOTSup 228; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996) 142-159.

Ehrlich, C. S. – M. C. White (eds.), Saul in Story and Tradition (FAT 47; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006).

Evans, W. E., "A Historical Reconstruction of the Emergence of Israelite Kingship and the Reign of Saul", in W. W. Hallo – J. C. Moyer – L. C. Perdue (eds.), Scripture in Context, II: More Essays on the Comparative Method (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1983) 61-77.

Exum, J. C. – J. W. Whedbee, "Isaac, Samson, and Saul: Reflections on the Comic and Tragic Visions", Semeia 32 (1984) 5-40. Reprinted in Y. T. Radday – A. Brenner (eds.), On Humour and the Comic in the Hebrew Bible (JSOTSup 92 / Bible and Literature Series, 23; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1990) 117-159. Reprinted again in P. R. House (ed.), Beyond Form Criticism. Essays in Old Testament Literary Criticism (Sources for Biblical and Theological Study, 2; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1992) 272-308.

Exum, J. C., Tragedy and Biblical Narrative: Arrows of the Almighty (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Faust, A., "Settlement Patterns and State Formation in Southern Samaria and the Archaeology of (a) Saul", in C. S. Ehrlich – M. C. White (eds.), Saul in Story and Tradition (FAT 47; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006) 14-38.

Finkelstein, I. – N. A. Silberman, David and Solomon: In Search of the Bible's Sacred Kings and the Roots of Western Civilization (New York: Free Press, 2006), esp. 61-89 (chap. 2 "The Madness of Saul: Egypt, the Philistines, and the Fall of Earliest Israel"). German: David und Salomo. Archäologen entschlüsseln einen Mythos (München: Beck, 2006). Spanish: David y Salomón. En busca de los reyes sagrados de la Biblia y de las raíces de la tradición occidental (Madrid: Siglo XXI de España Editores, 2007). French: Les rois sacrés de la Bible. À la recherche de David et Salomon (Montrouge: Bayard, 2006).

Finkelstein, I.,, "The Last Labayu: King Saul and the Expansion of the First North Israelite Territorial Entity", in Y. Amit – E. Ben Zvi – I. Finkelstein – O. Lipschits (eds.), Essays on Ancient Israel in Its Near Eastern Context. A Tribute to Nadav Na’aman (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006) 171-187.

Finkelstein, I., "Saul, Benjamin and the Emergence of »Biblical Israel«: An Alternative View", ZAW 123 (2011) 348-367.

Finkelstein, I., The Forgotten Kingdom: The Archaeology and History of Northern Israel (Ancient Near East Monographs, 5; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2013), esp. 37-61 (= Chapter 2: "The First North Israelite Territorial Entity: The Gibeon/Gibeah Polity and the House of Saul"). The volume can be downloaded here. Original French edition: Le Royaume biblique oublié (Travaux du Collège de France; Paris: Éditions Odile Jacob, 2013). Italian: Il regno dimenticato: Israele e le origini nascoste della Bibbia (Frecce 187; Roma: Carocci, 2014).

Finkelstein, I., "A Corpus of North Israelite Texts in the Days of Jeroboam II?", HeBAI 6 (2017) 262-289.

Fischer, A. A., "Die Saul-Überlieferung im deuteronomistischen Samuelbuch (am Beispiel von I Samuel 9-10)", in M. Witte – K. Schmid – D. Prechel – J. C. Gertz (eds.), Die deuteronomistischen Geschichtswerke. Redaktions- und religionsgeschichtliche Perspektiven zur "Deuteronomismus"-Diskussion in Tora und Vorderen Propheten (BZAW 365; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2006) 163-182.

Flanagan, J. W., "Chiefs in Israel", JSOT 20 (1981) 47-73.

Foresti, F., The Rejection of Saul in the Perspective of the Deuteronomistic School: A Study of 1 Sm 15 and Related Texts (Studia theologica-Teresianum, 5; Roma: Edizioni del Teresianum, 1984).

Fretheim, T. E., "Divine Foreknowledge, Divine Constancy and the Rejection of Saul's Kingship", CBQ 47 (1985) 595-602. Reprinted in T. E. Fretheim, What Kind of God? Collected Essays of Terence E. Fretheim. Edited by M. J. Chan and B. A. Strawn (Siphrut 14; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015) 267-273.

Giercke-Ungermann, A., Die Niederlage im Sieg. Eine synchrone und diachrone Untersuchung der Erzählung von 1 Sam 15 (Erfurter theologische Studien, 97; Würzburg: Echter, 2010).

Gillet, M., "La folie de Saül", Lumière et Vie 39 [no. 198] (oct. 1990) 5-21.

Green, B., How Are the Mighty Fallen? A Dialogical Study of King Saul in 1 Samuel (JSOTSup 365; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003).

Grottanelli, C., "Possessione carismatica e razionalizzazione statale nella Bibbia ebraica. Sul valore denotativo della 'follia' di Saul", Studi Storico-Religiosi 1 (1977) 263-288. English version: "Charismatic Possession and Monarchic Rationalization: The Folly of Saul", in C. Grottanelli, Kings and Prophets: Monarchic Power, Inspired Leadership, and Sacred Text in Biblical Narrative (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999) 87-109.

Gunn, D. M., The Fate of King Saul: An Interpretation of a Biblical Story (JSOTSup 14; Sheffield, JSOT Press, 1980).

Gunn, D. M., "A Man Given Over to Trouble: The Story of King Saul", in B. O. Long (ed.), Images of Man and God: Old Testament Short Stories in Literary Focus (Bible and Literature, 1: Sheffield: Almond Press, 1981) 89-112 (with notes on 121).

Hecke, K.-H., Juda und Israel: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Israels in vor- and frühstaatlicher Zeit (FB 52; Würzburg: Echter, 1985), esp. 203-238 (chap. 5: on Samuel and Saul) and 239-298 (chap. 6: on the rise of David).

Hentschel, G., Saul: Schuld, Reue und Tragik eines "Gesalbten" (Biblische Gestalten, 7; Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2003).

Hentschel, G., "Saul und das deuteronomistische Geschichtswerk. Die Kritik an Saul und die Abkehr von der Monarchie", in H.-J. Stipp (ed.), Das deuteronomistische Geschichtswerk (ÖBS 39; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2011) 207-224.

Humphreys, W. L., "The Tragedy of King Saul: A Study of the Structure of 1 Samuel 9-31", JSOT 6 (1978) 18-27.

Humphreys, W. L., "The Rise and Fall of King Saul: A Study of an Ancient Narrative Stratum in 1 Samuel", JSOT 18 (1980) 74-90.

Humphreys, W. L., "From Tragic Hero to Villain: A Study of the Figure of Saul and the Development of 1 Samuel", JSOT 22 (1982) 95-117.

Humphreys, W. L., The Tragic Vision and the Hebrew Tradition (Overtures to Biblical Theology; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1985), esp. 23-66 (chaps 2 & 3 on Saul).

Hylander, I., Der literarische Samuel-Saul-Komplex (I. Sam. I-15) traditionsgeschichtlich untersucht (Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1932).

Kaiser, O., "Der historische und der biblische König Saul (Teil I)", ZAW 122 (2010) 520-545.

Kaiser, O., "Der historische und der biblische König Saul (Teil II)", ZAW 123 (2011) 1-14.

Kamrada, D. G., Heroines, Heroes and Deity: Three Narratives of the Biblical Heroic Tradition (LHB/OTS 621; London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016) 105-173 (Chap. 3: "Urim and Thummim – Saul and David").

Kelle, B. E., "The Early Monarchy and the Stories of Saul, David, and Solomon", in S. Niditch (ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Ancient Israel (Wiley Blackwell Companions to Religion; Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2016) 177-196.

Knauf, E. A., "Saul, David, and the Philistines: From Geography to History", BN 109 (2001) 15-18.

Krauss, H. – M. Küchler, Saul – der tragische König. Das erste Buch Samuel in literarischer Perspektive (Erzählungen der Bibel, 4; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2010).

Kreuzer, S., "'War Saul auch unter den Philistern?': Die Anfänge des Königtums in Israel", ZAW 113 (2001) 56-73. Reprinted in S. Kreuzer, Geschichte, Sprache und Text: Studien zum Alten Testament und seiner Umwelt (BZAW 479; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015) 3-21.

Kreuzer, S., "Saul – Not Always – At War. A New Perspective on the Rise of Kingship in Israel", in C. S. Ehrlich – M. C. White (eds.), Saul in Story and Tradition (FAT 47; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006) 39-58.

Langlamet, F., "Les récits de l'institution de la royauté israélite (1 Sam VII-XII)", RB 77 (1970) 161-200.

Langlamet, F., "'David – Jonathan – Saül' ou le 'Livre de Jonathan' 1 Sam 16,14 – 2 Sam 1,27", RB 101 (1994) 326-354.

Lee, J. N. T., "The Role of the People in Saul's Rise and Fall", BSac 174 (2017) 159-179.

Lehnart, B., Prophet und König im Nordreich Israel. Studien zur sogenannten vorklassischen Prophetie im Nordreich Israel anhand der Samuel-, Elija- und Elischa-Überlieferungen (VTSup 96; Leiden: Brill, 2003).

Lemardelé, C., "A la recherche du récit de l'Arche. À la recherche de Saül. De Shilo à Gibea", SJOT 26 (2012) 55-76.

Leuchter, M., "Samuel, Saul, and the Deuteronomistic Categories of History", in J. Rilett Wood – J. E. Harvey – M. Leuchter (eds.), From Babel to Babylon: Essays on Biblical History and Literature in Honour of Brian Peckham (LHB/OTS 455; New York – London: T & T Clark International, 2006) 101-110.

Long, V. P., The Reign and Rejection of King Saul: A Case for Literary and Theological Coherence (SBLDS 118; Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1989).

Long, V. P., "How Did Saul Become King? Literary Reading and Historical Reconstruction", in A. R. Millard – J. K. Hoffmeier – D. W. Baker (eds.), Faith, Tradition, and History. Old Testament Historiography in its Near Eastern Context (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1994) 271-284.

Lozovyy, J., Saul, Doeg, Nabal, and the "Son of Jesse": Readings in 1 Samuel 16-25 (LHB/OTS 497; London: T & T Clark International, 2009).

Maag, V., "Alttestamentliche Entscheidungen im Spannungsfeld von Inspiration und Institution", in T. Rendtorff (ed.), Charisma und Institution (Gütersloh: Mohn, 1985) 227-249.

Mayes, A. D. H., "The Rise of the Israelite Monarchy", ZAW 90 (1978) 1-19.

McKenzie, S. L., "Saul in the Deuteronomistic History", in C. S. Ehrlich – M. C. White (eds.), Saul in Story and Tradition (FAT 47; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006) 59-70.

Miller, J. M., "Saul's Rise to Power. Some Observations Concerning 1 Sam 9:1-10:16; 10:26-11:15; 13:2-14:46", CBQ 36 (1974) 157-174.

Mommer, P., "Saul", TRE 30,1 (1998: full volume 1999) 57-59.

Müller, R., "Saul, the Charismatic King: Concepts of Political Leadership in 1Sam 11", in K. Pyschny – S. Schulz (eds.), Debating Authority: Concepts of Leadership in the Pentateuch and the Former Prophets (BZAW 507; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018) 262-287.

Na’aman, N., "The Kingdom of Ishbaal", BN 54 (1990) 33-37.

Na’aman, N., "The Pre-Deuteronomistic Story of King Saul and Its Historical Significance", CBQ 54 (1992) 638-658.

Na’aman, N., "Saul, Benjamin and the Emergence of 'Biblical Israel' (Part 1)", ZAW 121 (2009) 211-224.

Na’aman, N., "Saul, Benjamin and the Emergence of 'Biblical Israel' (Continued, Part 2)", ZAW 121 (2009) 335-349.

Nicholson, S., Three Faces of Saul. An Intertextual Approach to Biblical Tragedy (JSOTSup 339; London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002).

Niemann, H. M., "Taanach und Megiddo: Überlegungen zur strukturell-historischen Situation zwischen Saul und Salomo", VT 52 (2002) 93-102.

Nihan, C., "De la loi comme pré-texte. Tours et détours dans le débat exilique sur la royauté en 1Samuel 8-12", in D. Marguerat – A. Curtis (eds.), Intertextualités. La Bible en échos (Le Monde de la Bible, 40; Genève: Labor et Fides, 2000) 43-72.

Nihan, C., "Saul Among the Prophets (1 Sam 10:10-12 and 19:18-24). The Reworking of Saul's Figure in the Context of the Debate on 'Charismatic Prophecy' in the Persian Era", in C. S. Ehrlich – M. C. White (eds.), Saul in Story and Tradition (FAT 47; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006) 88-118.

Nihan, C., "Rewriting Kingship in Samuel: 1 Samuel 8 and 12 and the Law of the King (Deuteronomy 17)", HeBAI 2 (2013) 315-350.

Nolan, C. J., A Critical Appraisal of the Origin and Nature of the Institution of the Monarchy in Israel in the Light of Eric Voegelin's Theory of Symbolic Forms (Texts and Studies in Religion, 99; Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 2003).

Nolan, C. J., "The Rejection of Israel's First King", ITQ 73 (2008) 355-368.

Otto, E., "Tora und Charisma. Legitimation und Delegitimation des Königtums in 1 Samuel 8 – 2 Samuel 1 im Spiegel neuerer Literatur", ZABR 12 (2006) 225-244.

Peckham, B., "The Deuteronomistic History of Saul and David", ZAW 97 (1985) 190-209.

Preston, T. R., "The Heroism of Saul: Patterns of Meaning in the Narrative of the Early Kingship", JSOT 24 (1982) 27-46.

Sanford, J. A., King Saul, the Tragic Hero. A Study in Individuation (New York & Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 1985).

Schäfer-Lichtenberger, C., "Die Herrschaft Sauls", Wort und Dienst 28 (2005) 53-64.

Scheffler, E., "Saving Saul from the Deuteronomists", in J. C. de Moor – H. F. van Rooy (eds.), Past, Present, Future. The Deuteronomistic History and the Prophets (OTS 44; Leiden: Brill, 2000) 263-271.

Schmidt, L., Menschlicher Erfolg und Jahwes Initiative. Studien zu Tradition, Interpretation und Historie in Überlieferungen von Gideon, Saul und David (WMANT 38; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1970).

Schunck, K.-D., "König Saul – Etappen seines Weges zum Aufbau eines israelitischen Staates", BZ NF 36 (1992) 195-206. Reprinted in K.-D. Schunck, Altes Testament und Heiliges Land. Gesammelte Studien zum Alten Testament und zur biblischen Landeskunde. Bd. 2. Zum 75. Geburtstag von Klaus-Dietrich Schunk. Herausgegeben von H. M. Niemann und M. Augustin (BEATAJ 50; Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2003) 27-37.

Sergi, O., "Rethinking Israel and the Kingdom of Saul", in O. Lipschits – Y. Gadot – M. Adams (eds.), Rethinking Israel: Studies in the History and Archaeology of Ancient Israel in Honor of Israel Finkelstein (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2017) 371-388.

Soggin, J. A., "The Reign of ’Eshba‘al, Son of Saul", in J. A. Soggin, Old Testament and Oriental Studies (BibOr 29; Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1975) 31-49.

Sternberg, M., "The Bible's Art of Persuasion: Ideology, Rhetoric, and Poetics in Saul's Fall", HUCA 54 (1983) 45-82. Reprinted in P. R. House (ed.), Beyond Form Criticism. Essays in Old Testament Literary Criticism (Sources for Biblical and Theological Study, 2; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1992) 234-271.

Tavolaro, G., "La caduta di Saul. Interpretazione tragica del rifiuto di un eletto", Asprenas 48 (2001) 483-502.

Toorn, K. van der, "Saul and the Rise of Israelite State Religion", VT 43 (1993) 519-542.

Večko, T. S., "Saul – the Persecutor or the Persecuted One?", in J. Krašovec (ed.), The Interpretation of the Bible: The International Symposium in Slovenia (JSOTSup 289; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998) 201-214.

Vermeylen, J., "La maison de Saül et la maison de David", in L. Desrousseaux – J. Vermeylen (eds.), Figures de David à travers la Bible. XVIIe congrès de l'ACFEB (Lille, 1er - 5 septembre 1997) (LD 177; Paris: Cerf, 1999) 35-74.

Vermeylen, J., La loi du plus fort. Histoire de la rédaction des récits davidiques de 1 Samuel 8 à 1 Rois 2 (BETL 154; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2000).

Vette, J., Samuel und Saul. Ein Beitrag zur narrativen Poetik des Samuelbuches (Beiträge zum Verstehen der Bibel, 13; Münster: LIT, 2005).

Wagner, D., Geist und Tora: Studien zur göttlichen Legitimation und Delegitimation von Herrschaft im Alten Testament anhand der Erzählungen über König Saul (Arbeiten zur Bibel und ihrer Geschichte, 15; Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2005).

Walters, S. D., "Saul of Gibeon", JSOT 52 (1991) 61-76.

Weiser, A., Samuel. Seine geschichtliche Aufgabe und religiöse Bedeutung (FRLANT 81; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1962).

Wénin, A., Le roi, le prophète et la femme: regards sur les premiers rois d'Israël (Montrouge: Bayard, 2015).

White, M. C., "'The History of Saul's Rise': Saulide State Propaganda in 1 Samuel 1-14", in S. M. Olyan – R. C. Culley (ed.), 'A Wise and Discerning Mind': Essays in Honor of Burke O. Long (Brown Judaic Studies, 325; Providence, RI: Brown Judaic Studies, 2000) 271-292.

Zimran, Y., "'The Lord has Rejected You as King over Israel'. Saul's Deposal from the Throne", JHS volume 14, article 5 (2014). (online here; download directly here)

II.    Archaeological and topographical questions (mainly about Gibeah)

Albright, W. F., Excavations and Results at Tell el-Fûl (Gibeah of Saul) (AASOR 4 [for 1922-1923]; New Haven, CT: American Schools of Oriental Research / Yale University Press, 1924).

Albright, W. F., "A New Campaign of Excavations at Gibeah of Saul", BASOR 52 (Dec. 1933) 6-12.

Arnold, P. M., Gibeah. The Search for a Biblical City (JSOTSup 79; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1990).

Arnold, P. M., "Gibeah", ABD II (1992) 1007-1009.

Blenkinsopp, J., "Did Saul Make Gibeon His Capital?", VT 24 (1974) 1-7.

Brooks, S. S., "From Gibeon to Gibeah: High Places of the Kingdom", in J. Day (ed.), Temple and Worship in Biblical Israel: Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar (JSOTSup 422; London: T & T Clark, 2005) 40-59.

Brooks, S. S., Saul and Monarchy: A New Look (Society for Old Testament Study Monographs; Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005), esp. 121-140 (chap. 6 "Gibeah of Saul").

Demsky, A., "Geba, Gibeah, and Gibeon – An Historico-Geographic Riddle", BASOR 212 (Dec. 1973) 26-31.

Finkelstein, I., "Tell el-Ful Revisited: The Assyrian and Hellenistic Periods (With a New Identification)", PEQ 143 (2011) 106-118.

Harris, H., "Albright's Identification of Gibeah with Tell el-Ful", PEQ 146 (2014) 17-30.

Lapp, N. L. (ed.), The Third Campaign at Tell el-Ful: The Excavations of 1964 (AASOR 45; Cambridge, MT: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1981). UK edition (same title): Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1981.

Lapp, N., "Tell el-Ful", in E. Stern (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Archeological Excavations in the Holy Land, vol. 4 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and Carta; New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993) 1307-1308.

Lapp, N. L., "Ful, Tell el", in Eric M. Meyers (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East (New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), vol. 2, 346-347.

Lapp, P., "Tell el-Fûl", BA 28 (1965) 2-10.

Miller, J. M., "Geba/Gibeah of Benjamin", VT 25 (1975) 145-166.

Shalom Brooks, S.: see s.v. Brooks, S. S.

Sinclair, L. A., An Archaeological Study of Gibeah (Tell el-Fûl) (AASOR 34-35; New Haven, CT: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1960) 1-52. [publication of Albright's second campaign (1933)] [The volume AASOR 34-35 also included: Ray L. Cleveland, The Excavation of the Conway High Place (Petra) and Soundings at Khirbet Ader.]

Sinclair, L. A., "An Archaeological Study of Gibeah (Tell el-Ful)", BA 27 (1964) 52-64.

III.    Online resources

Kreuzer, S., "Saul", in WiBiLex [article dated Nov. 2014]. See the Useful Links page for information about the WiBiLex.